ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation
WITH EMERGING awareness of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the Economic Research Institute for Asean and East Asia has launched a study on the agreement’s impact on four major countries in Asean
Winichai Chaemchaeng, vice commerce minister, said yesterday after visiting Eria’s office in Jakarta that the focus of the study would will be on three main issues of concern to Asean countries – investment, state-owned enterprises, and intellectual-property rights.
Eria has been working on the TPP impacts under the topic “21st Century Regionalism, Mega FTAs and Asean Regional Integration”. Once the study has been completed, it should help Thailand decide whether to join the TPP in the future.
Eria is an international organisation established in Jakarta in 2008 by a formal agreement among the leaders of 16 East Asian countries to conduct research activities and make policy recommendations for further economic integration in the region.
Eria works closely with the Asean Secretariat.
A separate study by Eria found that Thailand had imposed the highest non-tariff measures (NTMs) among Asean countries, since it has focused on protecting consumers and manufacturers.
According to that study, among the 5,975 NTMs found in Asean, 1,630 were implemented by Thailand. They are concerned largely with sanitary and phytosanitary standards and technical barriers on trade. The Thai agencies imposing the highest NTMs are the Public Health Ministry via the Food and Drug Administration, the Agriculture Ministry through the Agriculture Department, the Industry Ministry by the Thai Industrial Standards Institute and the Commerce Ministry via the Foreign Trade Department.
The NTMs that Thailand has imposed are not mainly related to commercial concerns but to consumer health protection. The government has imposed those measures out of high concern for consumers and not to obstruct trade, Winichai said.
Eria will organise workshops for Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand on the “Potential of Fresh Tropical Fruits Value Chain in the Mekong Region”.