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Norway aims to cash in on growing Thai appetite for salmon #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

Norway aims to cash in on growing Thai appetite for salmon

Jan 18. 2020
By Sirivish Toomgum

The Thai appetite for Norway’s salmon has grown substantially, despite the economic slowdown, according to Norwegian Seafood Council (NSC).

Asbjørn Warvik Rørtveit, NSC director of Southeast Asia, said that salmon has a unique position in the Thai market due to its taste, appearance and usage, and is not easily substituted by other species or products in the main segments.

“Even though we’ve seen a decline in the Thai economy, salmon consumption is growing substantially. This shows that there is a strong demand among Thai consumers. We therefore expect growth in sales in the coming years,” Rørtveit said.

“The demand for salmon [in Thailand] has continued to rise in popularity because of Japanese restaurants [Bangkok has the highest concentration of Japanese restaurants outside of Japan, numbering some 2,000 outlets and growing] and ‘all you can eat’ buffet restaurants which often feature salmon sashimi, together with a growing trend in home consumption among mid- to high-end food services and retailers,” he added.

Asbjørn Warvik Rørtveit, NSC director of Southeast Asia

Asbjørn Warvik Rørtveit, NSC director of Southeast Asia

The share of fresh Norwegian salmon in Thailand has grown significantly since 2019, as the demand in the Thai market has gradually shifted from frozen to fresh salmon.

An estimated 13,000 tonnes of fresh Norwegian salmon were consumed in the Thai market last year.

The trend is due to more demand for high quality raw salmon among Japanese restaurants. In 2019, fresh Norwegian salmon had a 98 per cent market share in Thailand, while Norwegian frozen salmon had 14 per cent share in Thailand, he added.

In total, Norway exported seafood to Thailand valued at Bt5.2 billion in 2019, where salmon and fjord trout accounted for 87 per cent of this value. Norway’s seafood exports to Thailand in 2019 expanded 33 per cent from 2018.

“We believe that Thailand and Southeast Asia will become an even more important market for Norwegian salmon and fjord trout, and we expect that the volume will increase also in 2020,” he added.

The NSC will continue to boost the demand for salmon in Thailand by stepping up awareness for Norwegian salmon as best fit for raw consumption, he said.

This will be achieved through the education of foodservice, importers and modern retails about Norwegian salmon, its origin, benefits, food safety, handling, and training through marketing, PR and digital activities together with local stakeholders on behalf of Norwegian exporters for both business-to-consumer and business-to-business targets in Thailand.

“We also aim to develop the fjord trout market [in Thailand] in the upcoming year. As we have introduced our premium fjord trout late last year to the media and the public, we want to educate Thai people about the proper way to cook and how to differentiate them from Norwegian salmon,” Rørtveit said.

Menu: Fried fjord trout on an apple and celery relish with glazed romaine lettuce

Medium Norwegian fjord trout is the only trout to live its life in fjords. It is particularly popular with creative cooks. This recipe pan fries the trout to keep it moist and tasty!

Ingredients: (For 4 persons with maximum 40-minute cooking time using 4 fjord trout fillets)

Number of servings

4 x Norwegian fjord trout fillet

30 ml olive oil salt

1 x apple

1 x stick of celery

40 ml apple juice

1 x lime salt cayenne pepper

0.5 tsp sugar, brown

20 g butter

30 ml olive oil wasabi

1 x head of romaine lettuce

30 g butter

30 ml olive oil

20 ml apple juice


1. Heat the oil in a pan. Place the fjord trout into the hot oil with the skin side down, lightly press on it and sear. Reduce the heat and continue to fry on the skin side. Salt both sides before serving.

2. Dice the apple into 0.5 x 0.5 cm cubes. Use a potato peeler to peel some long strips from the green part of the celery. Place the strips and the green part of the celery in iced water. Finely dice the remaining celery. Melt the brown sugar in a saucepan, deglaze with the apple juice and then add the olive oil. Add the diced apple and diced celery, and lightly salt. Allow this mixture to boil away briefly. Stir in the wasabi paste (to taste). Stir the butter into the mixture while still hot, add the juice and zest of the lime, then season with pepper.

3. Wash the lettuce, quarter it lengthways and pat dry. Heat the olive oil and butter in a pan. Add the lettuce to the pan, deglaze with apple juice and then stew it in the juice. Season with salt.

4. Arrange the romaine lettuce and place the fjord trout on top. Spoon the apple and celery relish onto the plate. Finish with some strips of celery and the green part of the celery. The number of ingredients has been changed.

Please remember: Be careful when adding salt and seasoning during cooking – you can always add more at the end if you need to.

The wild ride of East Africa’s favorite stimulant #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

The wild ride of East Africa’s favorite stimulant

Jan 19. 2020
A worker shows the miraa leaves he picked at a farm near Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

A worker shows the miraa leaves he picked at a farm near Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato
By The Washington Post · Max Bearak 

MAUA, Kenya – It’s an unassuming little red-and-green leaf, but the powers unlocked by chewing it have hooked millions of people around the world, made it one of Kenya’s leading exports and gotten it banned in the United States and much of Europe.

Known as miraa in Kenya and Somalia and qat, or khat, in Arabic, its users say munching it for a few hours makes them alert and talkative, much like coffee would. But the potency of the leaf starts to wane as soon as it is picked off the tree, presenting a major challenge to suppliers in this more than $400-million-a-year industry: how to get it from the hills of central Kenya – the miraa heartland – to Nairobi, Mogadishu and other hubs of its biggest fans – the Somali community – without delay.

A picker works under the rain picking miraa from a farm located near Maua, Kenya in November 2019. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

A picker works under the rain picking miraa from a farm located near Maua, Kenya in November 2019. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

The answer lies in a breakneck production cycle in which the leaves are plucked, sorted, bundled and shipped in wildly careening pickup trucks to distribution centers in Nairobi, 180 miles away, in just a few chaotic hours.

Workers bundle miraa for distribution in a storehouse near Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

Workers bundle miraa for distribution in a storehouse near Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

The business, which is legal in Kenya, is run by trade organizations that operate like mafias. Numerous suppliers have been investigated for allegedly using unlicensed planes to fly miraa to Somalia from Nairobi, as well as allegedly using the trade as a front for money laundering. The Washington Post witnessed evidence of child labor in one miraa sorting warehouse in Maua.

Farmers arrive to sell their fresh miraa to resellers in Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato Photo by: Luis Tato — For The Washington Post

Farmers arrive to sell their fresh miraa to resellers in Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato Photo by: Luis Tato — For The Washington Post

The United States, Britain and other European countries have banned the leaf, classifying it as a drug even though its addictiveness has not been proved. Producers say the bans are absurd, even racist. Half a million Kenyans rely on miraa for their livelihood, according to the Kenyan government. Daniel Ngolua, a miraa farmer, calls it a “cultural treasure for us.”

A motorbike driver leaves a market in Maua carrying miraa bunches. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

A motorbike driver leaves a market in Maua carrying miraa bunches. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

The bundles of delicate miraa leaves are packed in sturdier banana leaves and loaded by the ton into the beds of pickup trucks.

The ride to Nairobi from Maua is a three-hour roller coaster along winding country roads, speeding constantly at 100 mph without touching the brakes, through busy towns and villages, flying over speed bumps, running dozens of cars and pedestrians off the road along the way. Bystanders cheer the drivers on like action-movie heroes. Drivers say they are always balancing the risks with the payoff.

Benjamin Karenga speaks with clients while speeding his way to Nairobi to deliver fresh miraa. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

Benjamin Karenga speaks with clients while speeding his way to Nairobi to deliver fresh miraa. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

Benjamin Karengea, 30, has done the drive from Maua to Nairobi once a day, every day, for eight years. “It is a very dangerous work but, what can I do? It provides for me and my family,” he said. “I am Christian and I have faith. The only thing I can do before taking off is pray.”

At the end of the drive, miraa is unloaded at a market in Nairobi. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

At the end of the drive, miraa is unloaded at a market in Nairobi. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

Many of the trucks head for Nairobi’s Little Somalia, Eastleigh, while the rest goes straight to the international airport for shipment to Somalia.

The Post was granted access by the Kenya Airport Authority to witness the loading process, but hesitant traders and cargo operators blocked a photographer from taking photos.

Why laws may thwart some directives on dementia #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

Why laws may thwart some directives on dementia

Jan 19. 2020
Susan Saran, a longtime Buddhist, often drives to a nearby monastery to practice her faith. Saran is fighting her retirement community over her right to determine how she will die - even though she has made her wishes known in writing. MUST CREDIT: Photo by Heidi de Marco of Kaiser Health News

Susan Saran, a longtime Buddhist, often drives to a nearby monastery to practice her faith. Saran is fighting her retirement community over her right to determine how she will die – even though she has made her wishes known in writing. MUST CREDIT: Photo by Heidi de Marco of Kaiser Health News
By Special to The Washington Post · JoNel Aleccia · NATIONAL, FEATURES, HEALTH 

ITHACA, N.Y. – When she worked on the trading floor of the Chicago Board Options Exchange, long before cellphone calculators, Susan Saran could perform complex math problems in her head. Years later, as one of its top regulators, she was in charge of investigating insider trading deals.

Today, she struggles to remember multiplication tables.

Seven years ago, at age 57, Saran was diagnosed with frontotemporal dementia, a progressive, fatal brain disease. She had started forgetting things, losing focus at the job she had held for three decades. Then tests revealed the grim diagnosis.

“It was absolutely devastating,” Saran, 63, said. “It changed everything. My job ended. I was put out on disability. I was told to establish myself in an [extended] community before I was unable to care for myself.”

So Saran uprooted herself. She sold her home in 2015 and found a bucolic retirement community in rural New York whose website promised “comprehensive health care for life.”

And now, she is fighting with that community over her right to determine how she will die – even though she has made her wishes known in writing. Similar fights could ensnare millions of Americans with dementia and similar end-of-life directives in coming years.

In 2018, after two brain hemorrhages, Saran conferred with a lawyer and signed an advance directive for dementia, a controversial new document that instructs caregivers to withhold hand-feeding and fluids at the end of life to avoid the worst ravages of the disease.

“It’s not something that I am willing to endure,” she said. “I don’t want my life prolonged beyond the point where I’m participating in life.”

But when Saran submitted the document to her New York continuing care retirement community, Kendal at Ithaca, where she has spent more than $500,000 to live, officials there said they could not honor her wishes.

In a letter, lawyers told Saran that the center is required by state and federal law to offer regular daily meals, with feeding assistance if necessary. No provision exists, the letter said, for “decisions to refuse food and water.”

When asked about Saran, Kendal’s executive director, Laurie Mante, wrote in an email: “We recognize the great complexity in balancing our residents’ wishes with what is required of us. We have a dedicated team who works to balance those interests, and, when appropriate, work with our residents and their families to seek alternative paths.”

It’s a cruel quandary for Saran and other Americans who have turned to dementia directives that have been created in recent years. Even when people document their choices in these directives – while they still have the ability to do so – no guarantee exists that those instructions will be honored, said Stanley Terman, a California psychiatrist who advises patients on end-of-life decisions.

“It is, in my opinion, a false sense of security,” Terman said.

That may be especially true for the 2.2 million people who live in long-term care settings in the United States. People with dementia are most likely to die in nursing facilities, according to new research from Duke University and Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System.

“If you’ve got the resources, where you’ve got family and paid caregivers at home, you’re all set,” said Karl Steinberg, a California geriatrician and hospice physician who has written extensively about dementia directives. If you’re living in a facility, he said, “it’s not going to happen.”

One key question is whether patients with dementia – or those who fear the disease – can say in advance that they want oral food and fluids stopped at a certain point, a move that would hasten death through dehydration.

It is a controversial form of VSED – voluntarily stopping eating and drinking – a practice among some terminally ill patients who want to end their lives. In those cases, people who still have mental capacity can refuse food and water, resulting in death within about two weeks.

Many states prohibit the withdrawal of assisted feeding, calling it basic “comfort care” that must be offered. Only one state, Nevada, explicitly recognizes an advance directive that calls for stopping eating and drinking. And that’s via a little-known law that took effect in October.

Critics of such documents, however, say they could lead to forced starvation of incapacitated people. The directives may be biased, reflecting a society prejudiced against age, disability and cognitive change, said James Wright, medical director of three long-term care facilities in Richmond and lead author of a recent white paper advising facilities not to honor dementia directives.

Based on his years of clinical experience, Wright said many people with dementia become content with their situation, even when they never thought they would be.

“To enforce an advance directive on someone who may have had a complete turnaround on what they think of a life worth living is unethical and immoral,” Wright said.

The dementia directives offered in the past few years are aimed at filling what experts say has been a major gap in advance-care planning: the gradual loss of capacity to make decisions about one’s care.

One version, published in 2018 by Barak Gaster, a professor of medicine at the University of Washington, was downloaded 130,000 times after being mentioned in a New York Times story and continues to be retrieved about 500 times per week.

“This is an issue that people have really thought a lot about,” Gaster said. “They worry about it a lot. They’re so eager and excited to have a structured opportunity to make their wishes known.”

Traditional advance directives focus on rare conditions, such as a persistent vegetative state or permanent coma, Gaster said. “And yet the No. 1 reason a person would lose ability is dementia,” he said.

In addition to Gaster’s document, directives drafted in New York and Washington state have drawn hundreds of users. The aid-in-dying advocacy group Compassion & Choices released a dementia directive in December.

As the U.S. population ages, more people – and their families – are grappling with dementia. By 2050, nearly 14 million Americans 65 and older may be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, according to the Alzheimer’s Association.

“We are right now experiencing the very first upswing of the giant wave of dementia that’s heading our way,” Gaster said.

Saran is on the crest of that wave.

Divorced, with no close family, she turned to Kendal – with its 236 independent units and 84-bed health center – as her final home. During her four years there, she has noticed some decline in her mental clarity.

“Even some of the simplest mathematical problems, like even seven times seven, I can’t think of it now,” Saran said.

Still, she is able to manage her affairs. She cooks her own food and cares for her three cats – Squeaky, Sweetie and Pirate, a one-eyed tabby. A longtime Buddhist, she often drives to a nearby monastery to practice her faith.

In late summer, Saran invited visitors to her small cottage at Kendal, where tapestries hang on the walls and bookshelves are filled with tomes on religion, death and dying.

Frontotemporal dementia affects about 60,000 people in the United States, and patients often die within seven to 13 years. But Saran’s disease appears to be progressing more slowly than expected.

“I think I have great capacity,” said Saran, who wears her silver hair long and favors jeans, linen shirts and turquoise jewelry.

She chain-smokes, lighting up the Seneca cigarettes she buys for $3 a pack from a nearby Indian reservation. She thought about quitting but decided it was not worth the effort and continues to indulge her habit. “If you had my diagnosis, wouldn’t you?” she said.

When Saran was hospitalized after her strokes, she suddenly understood what losing her abilities might mean.

“I realized, oh, my God, I might get stuck in a situation where I can’t take any independent action,” she recalled. “I better make sure I have all my paperwork in order.”

She was stunned to learn it might not matter, even after her local lawyer, Chuck Guttman, drafted health-care proxy documents and a power of attorney. “I thought this was it,” she said. “I thought I’d move here and everything was taken care of, everything was settled. And now it’s not.”

Mante, Kendal’s executive director, declined to comment on Saran’s specific situation, even after Saran authorized her to do so. “As with all of our residents,” she wrote, “we are working diligently to provide for an enriching, quality living environment that honors her independence and wishes.”

Saran said no one from Kendal has yet reached out to discuss an “alternative path.”

Not all dementia directives include instructions about assisted feeding. Gaster said he and his colleagues had “heated conversations” before deciding to leave that issue off their popular document.

Instead, he said, his option helps more people by addressing general goals of care for each stage of the disease. The most important thing, he said, is for people to consider their choices and share their desires with their loved ones.

The debate, Gaster said, boils down to whether “assisted feeding is basic support” or “a medical intervention that can be declined in advance.”

“There’s still a very wide perspective of viewpoints on that,” he said.

Backed by statute and practice, facilities say they are bound to offer food to all residents willing to eat, and to assist with hand-feeding and fluids if a person needs help. The controversy centers on the definition of those terms.

Wright says late-stage dementia patients who show any interest in food – a flick of the eyes, grunting or gestures, opening the mouth – should be fed until they refuse it. Steinberg and others contend the default should be “don’t feed unless they ask for it.”

It is always going to be “somewhat of a guess,” Wright said, about whether hand-feeding someone is help – or force. “I’ve not seen any guidelines that can faithfully give good unbiased guidance,” he said. “I feel that I personally can determine when food means something to my patients and when it doesn’t.”

The growing efforts to use advance directives were inspired, in part, by high-profile cases of dementia patients who were spoon-fed against their apparent wishes. In Oregon and in British Columbia, courts ruled that food and water were basic care that could not be withdrawn.

But so far, there has been no court case that says a clear advance directive for VSED “may or must be honored,” said Thaddeus Mason Pope, a professor at the Mitchell Hamline School of Law who studies end-of-life decisions.

Pope said he has heard of many people who move out – or their families move them out – of long-term care facilities to avoid assisted feeding in the last stages of dementia.

Saran has considered that, too.

“I should probably just leave,” she said, although that would mean losing the nonrefundable investment she already has made. She thinks about moving out every day, but then what? Hospice might be a solution, but only if there is room when she needs it, she said.

Saran said her situation should be viewed as a cautionary tale. She wishes she had asked more questions before moving into her community and insisted on answers about how she would die once her dementia progressed.

“I didn’t realize I was signing away my right to self-determination,” she said. “I am appalled that my future demented self takes precedence over my competent current self.”

The day I told my son about the donor egg #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

The day I told my son about the donor egg

Jan 19. 2020
By Special to The Washington Post · Caren Chesler 

As my 8-year-old son and I drive past the cow pasture near our house, he asks, “Why do they have to have bulls in there?” “So the cows can have babies,” I say. “They need a boy and a girl, a male and a female,” I correct myself, “to have babies.”

Borrowing what little I know about human anatomy and applying it to the animal kingdom, I tell him how women have eggs and men have sperm – which are like tadpoles – and that the sperm try to bust their way into the egg to fertilize it so the cow can have a baby. Humans are much the same, I say.

“So girls lay eggs, like chickens?” he asks.

“Well, they don’t lay them,” I say. As we travel down this path, I sense an opportunity to tell him something I’ve been meaning to tell him for some time. “Sometimes the girl’s eggs don’t work, so they have to use eggs from another girl.”

And then I tell him I am one of those girls.

I had my son using a donor egg. We used my husband’s sperm, and we tried to use my sister’s eggs to keep my DNA in the mix, but it didn’t work. So we used the eggs from a 20-something ballerina. The fertilized embryo was then placed inside me, and nine months later, I had my son.

Fertility clinics advise parents to tell donor egg children how they were conceived by the time they are 4 or 5, but I refused. I already thought my son and I had a tenuous – OK, nonexistent – biological bond, given that he has none of my genetic matter. I feared that telling him another woman had provided the egg from which he was made would make him feel like she – and not I – was his real mother, even though I carried him in my belly like any other “birth mother.”

For me, the notion that my son might view me as the adoptive mother and some other woman as his “real” mother is so dizzyingly painful, I haven’t wanted to tell him how he was conceived. (Honestly, until now, I couldn’t imagine how he would even understand it).

Some women are good with situations like that. They have open adoptions and encourage their kids to have a relationship with their birth mother.

I’m not. I’m aware this doesn’t say much about my self-confidence. I blame it on birth order. As the oldest of four, I was never satisfied to have my parents love all of us the same. I wanted them to love me more, because to love me equally was somehow the same as not loving me at all.

I almost got into a fistfight with a friend last year when she told me that the husband of a couple she knew – who also had a child by donor egg – wanted to tell the child the identity of a woman he believed was the egg donor. He didn’t know for sure, but he thought he’d figured it out. His wife didn’t want him to say anything.

My friend agreed with the father: The child was now old enough and “has a right to know,” she said.

A right to know a donor egg was involved, I replied. But the child “doesn’t have a right to know the donor,” I argued, unless the child “wants it – and the donor wants it. But that’s not what’s happening here.”

Besides that he might be wrong about the donor’s identity, I argued that the father had no right to drag the woman into their family, particularly when, as was apparently the case, the child had shown only minimal interest and his wife was averse to bringing the donor into their lives.

It was a matter of biological background and identity, my friend countered.

“Identity? What does that even mean?” I asked.

I went to bed, all riled up, my heart pounding, a part of me knowing what she meant. We’ve all heard the stories about twins separated at birth who find each other and instantly see similarities in their personalities, or the mother who reunites with her son and feels that bond of love instantly, as they are united by their sameness.

But I put my 47-year-old body through the ringer to have my son, subjecting myself to biweekly blood tests and weeks of daily injections of progesterone to prepare my womb and aid implantation of the embryo, even though I’m afraid of needles.

Once pregnant, I was utterly exhausted. I threw up Indian food on the street in Toronto. I was stung by a bee at a county fair, blowing up like a balloon and fearing it would hurt the baby. I developed placenta previa and had to have a Caesarean section at 38 weeks. During that surgery, my heart rate fell and I was given ephedrine, which made me puke and my heart rate spike. One of my ovaries was so misshapen and covered with endometrial tissue the doctors sent it for a biopsy.

Carrying and delivering this child may have been the hardest thing I’ve ever done.

Once I got my son home I had a difficult time breast-feeding, as my son wasn’t gaining enough weight, so I would breast-feed during the day and stay up until 2:30 a.m., watching “Frasier” reruns and pumping, to keep up, or increase, my milk production.

And I sidelined my writing career while I took care of a little boy, who would repay me sometimes by crying, stomping his feet and lashing out if he didn’t get what he wanted. And after all that work, he may want to go find his real “egg donor mother” anyway?

It reminded me of the poem by Billy Collins, called “The Lanyard,” where he writes about how his mother gave him life, “a breathing body and a beating heart, strong legs, bones and teeth, and two clear eyes to read the world,” and in return, he gave her a lanyard that he made in camp.

After the heated conversation I had with my friend, I looked up the word “identity.” The Cambridge English dictionary defined identity as “who a person is, or the qualities of a person or group that make them different from others.” No mention of genes.

Regardless, I knew I’d have to tell my son one day how he was conceived. He had a right to know, and not just for medical reasons. A person has a right to know how he came to be. And after seeing the bull in the pasture, that seemed like a good opportunity.

I told my son about how I wanted a baby so badly, but even though I tried very hard my eggs didn’t work, so I used some eggs from someone else, mixed them with daddy’s sperm, and we had you.

“So I was adopted?” he said.

“Why do you think you were adopted?” I asked.

“Because if you didn’t need the egg, she would have had me,” he said.

Children have the clarity of a box cutter.

“But the egg isn’t you,” I said. “The egg needs a sperm, too.”

I was using my husband to bail me out.

“She would have had a sperm,” he said. He only learned the word sperm today. I’m not sure how he was such an authority.

“Right, but that sperm wouldn’t have been daddy’s. Did you ever hear people say you look like daddy? Like you’re a mini-him? That’s because we used daddy’s sperm,” I said. “She would have been with somebody else and used her eggs with that person’s sperm. That would’ve made a whole different person.”

I was using semantics not even I could follow.

“The baby is just as much where it grows up in the belly, too. You grew in my belly,” I said. “We just used different seeds. Or eggs. Adopted kids don’t grow in their mothers’ bellies. You know what I mean?”

“Yeah,” he said weakly. “I didn’t really get it at first.”

He yawned.

“Do you get it now?” I asked. I had more invested in the conversation than he did.

“Yeah,” he said.

“So what do you think?”

“You didn’t adopt me,” he said.

I felt like I’d beaten him into submission.

That night, I sat on the porch and looked out onto the lake behind our house. A family of ducks glided over to my neighbor’s raft and climbed on top. There was a mother and five babies. I wondered if all those babies were from the same mother, and what would happen if a duck from another mother climbed on top of the raft. Would the mother duck accept him? Would he accept the mother?

A few weeks later, some friends took me out to dinner for my birthday. When I got home, there was a sign on the front door in my son’s distinctive hand that said: “Mom, folloe the messeges.”

I walked in to find a path of cardboard signs that ran along the floor and up the stairs, leading to his room, each with a note that read either, “I miss you, Mom,” or “I missed you,” followed by a little heart. I loved both. I ducked my head into his bunk bed and kissed him several times on his forehead.

It seems the problem is not how much he loves me. It’s me finding that to be enough.

Fake drugs kill people and fund terrorism. African leaders hope to do something about it. #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

Fake drugs kill people and fund terrorism. African leaders hope to do something about it.

Jan 19. 2020
By The Washington Post · Danielle Paquette · WORLD, AFRICA

LOMÉ, Togo – The pills tend to come surreptitiously from China, India and Nigeria. They’re packaged like cures for fever and rashes. They land on street corners – sometimes in plain view – and promise to ease suffering at a fraction of the cost.

But fake drugs kill tens of thousands of people each year in a global counterfeit trade worth an estimated $200 billion, thwarting progress in the fight against malaria and other life-threatening diseases, experts say, while funding organized crime.

The scourge is particularly alarming in West Africa, where authorities say knockoffs are thought to comprise more than half of pharmaceutical sales in areas where many cannot afford prescription treatments.

“You are poor, and you are spending your money on something that is going to kill you,” Faure Gnassingbé, the president of Togo, told The Washington Post in the country’s presidential palace. “Yet it is not treated as a crime.”

The Togolese leader hosted his counterparts from Senegal and Uganda on Saturday in the capital city, Lomé, where the presidents proposed new laws to strengthen a collective crackdown on trafficking.

Representatives from Ghana, Congo, Niger and Gambia also signed a pact to ramp up intelligence sharing and security at the borders, among other efforts.

Peddling fake drugs is illegal in most countries, but enforcement is shaky. One raid on markets, shops, warehouses and factories across West Africa three years ago turned up more than 41 million counterfeit pills. About 150 people were arrested for selling a blend of toxic or useless tablets, Interpol reported.

Dignitaries flocked to Lomé this week for a summit on counterfeit medicine, including a member of the British royal family, Prince Michael of Kent.

Armed police officers in trucks patrolled the city of roughly 830,000. Helicopters whirred overhead. Yet people still hawked boxes of unverified antibiotics on the street.

Amele Louise Assogba, 49, used to visit roadside vendors for pills to soothe headaches and nagging coughs. Drugs at pharmacies, she said, cost three times more.

“I needed to save money for my children,” said the Togolese mother of four, who supports her family by cooking for neighborhood families.

Then she caught the flu, bought an informal remedy and landed in the hospital for an emergency blood transfusion.

Assogba considers herself lucky – at least she made it to a doctor on time.

About 122,000 children die each year on the continent from fake antimalarial drugs, estimates the Brazzaville Foundation, a London group focused on the issue. In some areas, as many as 60% of drugs sold are thought to be counterfeit, the nonprofit said.

“This abject trafficking generates enormous profits for criminals and terrorists, destabilizing some of the most fragile countries in the world,” said Jean-Yves Ollivier, the foundation’s president, in a statement.

Counterfeit goods have long been linked to criminal gangs, with studies tying knockoff sales to terrorist organizations that exploit child labor.

Shipments often slip through porous borders, authorities say, and encourage corruption when traffickers pay off customs agents.

Officials aim to end this income stream at a time when Islamist violence is surging across West Africa’s Sahel region, with attacks increasing fivefold since 2016.

Extremists who have professed loyalty to the Islamic State and al-Qaeda have seized remote corners of Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso.

Those militants fund the war by ambushing towns and stealing livestock, taking over artisan gold mines and kidnapping people for ransom, officials have said.

They also profit from counterfeit drugs, said Gnassingbé, the Togolese president.

“Terrorists,” he said, “are living on fake medicine traffic.”

Judge allows new liver transplant policy to take effect #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

Judge allows new liver transplant policy to take effect

Jan 19. 2020
By The Washing Post · Lenny Bernstein · NATIONAL, HEALTH

A federal judge has cleared the way for a new method of distributing livers to transplant patients, a plan that will shift more of the scarce organs to people in metropolitan areas where demand is highest and away from some rural regions where they are easier to obtain.

In a case she called “difficult and wrenching,” U.S. District Court Judge Amy Totenberg refused Thursday to permanently block new rules for allocating livers that were approved by the federal government in December 2018. In response to a lawsuit, she had temporarily halted the plan last May while she considered a request for a permanent injunction.

Totenberg, an Atlanta judge appointed by President Barack Obama, wrote that the government and the nonprofit agency that runs the U.S. transplant system had provided the plaintiffs due process and an opportunity to have their views heard, even if the new policy did not work in their favor.

Those patients and hospitals, in places such as Georgia, Kentucky, Kansas and Virginia, have said they would face the prospect of fewer available organs under the new rules, as more livers are taken by transplant centers in cities with greater demand and higher insurance payments.

Supporters of the change had argued that the current method of distributing most livers in the same regions where they are donated had created a large and arbitrary geographical disparity in availability of the organs. Recipients in some cities waited much longer, and became much sicker, before receiving a liver than patients in less populated areas, they said.

Put another way, a moderately ill patient in Kansas had a 60% chance of receiving a liver within 30 days, while a similar patient in California had just a 1% chance, they said.

The U.S. transplant system has struggled for decades to find a fair way to distribute livers, kidneys, hearts and other organs because of a severe shortage of donors. That has created a waiting list of about 113,000 people, even as the number of transplanted organs continues to grow slowly. Nearly 8,900 livers were transplanted in 2019, but about 13,000 people are waiting for one. Most people on the waiting list are seeking kidneys.

The United Network for Organ Sharing, the nonprofit agency that operates the transplant system under contract to the Department of Health and Human Services, said in a statement that Totenberg’s decision “will allow a national liver transplant policy to begin saving more lives and increasing fairness in the donor matching process.” A spokeswoman said the new rules would be implemented in coming weeks.

Motty Shulman, an attorney who sparked development of the new plan when he filed suit in 2018 over the geographic-based rules, said in a statement that “the new liver allocation policy will benefit all liver wait list candidates, and we are pleased to be a driving force in bringing equitable organ allocation to patients across the country.”

Attorneys for the plaintiffs declined to comment.

For many years, transplant centers had first shot at livers procured from deceased donors in their regions. The new plan gives patients as far as 500 nautical miles away from a donor’s hospital access to a liver, depending on how sick they are.

When they filed their lawsuit in April, the plaintiffs said they faced a loss of 256 livers as a result, which they said would cause more deaths in their regions.

Japanese women face a future of poverty #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

Japanese women face a future of poverty

Jan 19. 2020
A child and her mother look at a diorama of Tokyo at night made with Lego toy bricks at the Lego Land Discovery Center Tokyo on June 14, 2012. MUST CREDIT: Bloomberg photo by Tomohiro Ohsumi.

A child and her mother look at a diorama of Tokyo at night made with Lego toy bricks at the Lego Land Discovery Center Tokyo on June 14, 2012. MUST CREDIT: Bloomberg photo by Tomohiro Ohsumi.
By Syndication Washington Post, Bloomberg · Marika Katanuma 

At first glance, things seem to be getting better for Japanese women. In an economy that’s historically lagged other developed nations when it comes to female workforce participation, a record 71% are now employed, an 11 point leap over a decade ago.

The Japanese government boasts one of the most generous parental leave laws in the world and recently created a “limited full-time worker” category aimed primarily at mothers looking to balance job and family. And one of the most important needs for working families-child daycare-is slowly being expanded.

A woman walks near the Roppongi Hills complex in Tokyo on Sept. 29, 2017. MUST CREDIT: Bloomberg photo by Akio Kon,

A woman walks near the Roppongi Hills complex in Tokyo on Sept. 29, 2017. MUST CREDIT: Bloomberg photo by Akio Kon,

But even with these advantages, Japanese women-whether single or married, full-time or part-time-face a difficult financial future. A confluence of factors that include an aging population, falling birth rates and anachronistic gender dynamics are conspiring to damage their prospects for a comfortable retirement. According to Seiichi Inagaki, a professor at the International University of Health and Welfare, the poverty rate for older Japanese women will more than double over the next 40 years, to 25%.

For single, elderly women, he estimated, the poverty rate could reach 50%.

In Japan, people live longer than almost anywhere else and birth rates are at their lowest since records began. As a result, the nation’s working-age population is projected to have declined by 40% come 2055.

With entitlement costs skyrocketing, the government has responded by scaling back benefits while proposing to raise the retirement age. Some Japanese responded by moving money out of low-interest bank accounts and into 401(k)-style retirement plans, hoping investment gains might soften the blow. But such a strategy requires savings, and women in Japan are less likely to have any.

Japan’s gender pay gap is one of the widest among advanced economies. According to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Japanese women make only 73% as much as men. Japan’s demographic crisis is making matters worse: Retired couples who are living longer need an additional $185,000 to survive projected shortfalls in the public pension system, according to a recent government report.

A separate study did the math for Japanese women: They will run out of money 20 years before they die.

Dire pension calculations published by Japan’s Financial Services Agency in June 2019 caused such an outcry that the government quickly rejected the paper, saying it needlessly worried people. But economic observers said the report was dead-on: Japan’s pension system is ranked 31st out of 37 nations due in part to underfunding, according to the Melbourne Mercer Global Pension Index.

Takashi Oshio, a professor at the Institute of Economic Research at Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo, said private pensions and market-based retirement investments are now much more important than they once were. Machiko Osawa, a professor at Japan Women’s University, was more blunt: The days of being “totally dependent on a public pension” are over.

But there are additional obstacles for Japanese women. Although 3.5 million of them have entered the workforce since Prime Minister Shinzo Abe took office in 2012, two-thirds are working only part-time.

Japanese men generally see their compensation rise until they reach 60. For women, average compensation stays largely the same from their late 20s to their 60s, a fact attributable to pauses in employment tied to having children or part-time, rather than full-time, work. Since the mid-2000s, part-time employment rates have fallen for women in more than half the countries that make up the OECD. But in Japan, the trend is reversed, with part-time work among women rising over the past 15 years.

One of Abe’s stated goals is to encourage more women to keep working after giving birth, part of his so-called Womenomics initiative. But according to a recent government study, almost 40% of women who had full-time jobs when they became pregnant subsequently switched to part-time work or left the workforce.

Machiko Nakajima’s employment trajectory is typical of this state of affairs. Nakajima, who used to work full time at a tourism company, left her position at age 31 when she became pregnant.

“I had no desire to work while taking care of my kid,” she said in an interview. Instead, Nakajima spent a decade raising two children before returning to work. Now 46, the mother of two works as a part-time receptionist at a Tokyo tennis center. Though her husband, who also is 46, has a full time job, Nakajima said she fears for her future, given the faltering pension system.

“It makes me wonder how I’m going to live the rest of my” life, she said.

– – –

According to government data, the monthly cost of living for a Japanese household with more than two people is 287,315 yen ($2,650). Some 15.7% of Japanese households live below the poverty line, which is about $937 per month.

More than 40% of part-time working women earn 1 million yen ($9,100) or less a year, according to Japan’s Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry. The lack of benefits, job security and opportunity for advancement-hallmarks of full-time employment in Japan-make such women financially vulnerable, particularly if they don’t have a partner to share expenses with.

Yanfei Zhou, a researcher at the Japan Institute for Labor Policy & Training and author of a book on the subject, “Japan’s Married Stay-at-Home Mothers in Poverty,” contends there’s a gap of 200 million yen ($1.82 million) in lifetime income between women who work full-time and women who switch from full-time to part-time at the age of 40.

“It’s not easy to save for retirement as a part-time worker,” she said. Single mothers need to make at least 3 million yen annually, or about $27,600-numbers you can’t hit “if you work part-time.”

In Japan, public pensions account for 61% of income among elderly households. The system provides basic benefits to all citizens and is funded by workers from age 20 to age 59-and by government subsidies. Many retirees get additional income from company pension plans.

While widows can claim some portion of a deceased spouse’s pension, the number of unmarried Japanese is steadily rising, having more than tripled since 1980. The latest survey showed the rate for women is 14% versus 23% for men.

One “reason why women’s retirement savings is lower than men’s is that the lifetime salary is low,” said Yoshiko Nakamura, a financial planner and president of Alpha and Associates Inc. “Traditionally, many women chose to limit their workload in order to take advantage of social security spousal benefits, and that created many ‘women’s jobs’ that pay less than 1 million yen.”

Japan has historically created incentives for married women to limit their employment to such non-career track jobs; lower pay means they (and their husbands) can take advantage of spousal deduction benefits. For example, the government gives a 380,000 yen ($3,133) tax deduction to a male worker if his wife earns less than about 1.5 million yen ($13,700) per year.

The private sector does it, too. Many companies give employees a spousal allowance as long as their partner earns less than a certain amount. Some 84% of private companies in Japan offer workers about 17,282 yen per month ($159) as long as their spouse earns less than a certain amount annually-usually 1.5 million yen, though the ceiling is lower for most companies.

Yumiko Fujino, who works as an administrative assistant, should have been happy when the government raised the minimum wage. But she wasn’t: In order for her husband to keep receiving spousal benefits, she had to cut back on her hours.

These limits are known among married women in Japan as the “wall.” Unless a wife is making enough money on a part-time basis to afford income taxes and forgo spousal benefits, it doesn’t make sense to work additional hours. But to work those kind of hours means less time for kids, which is usually the point of working part-time in the first place.

Women who qualify for the spousal benefit, Fujino said, “think less about retirement security and more about the current cost of living.”

Abe’s government is considering changes that would require more part-time workers to contribute to the pension program and mandate that smaller companies participate as well. Takero Doi, professor of economics at Keio University, said the expansion would be a small step toward giving women a financial incentive to work more.

Yoko Kamikawa, a former gender equality minister, agreed that the current pension system-last updated in the 1980s-should be expanded to include part-time workers. Forty years ago, single-income households made up the overwhelming majority in Japan. Since then, Kamikawa said families have become more diverse.

Machiko Osawa, a professor at Japan Women’s University, went farther, saying social security should be based around individuals, not households. “Marriage doesn’t last forever,” she said. “Women used to rely on their husbands for financial support, but now there’s the danger of unemployment, and more men are in jobs where their pay doesn’t rise.”

However, one of the biggest reforms proposed by Abe, “limited full-time worker” status, doesn’t always work as advertised. “Limited full-time” employees often face the same workload they would if they were full-time. Junko Murata, 43, a mother of two, said juggling both work and taking care of her children proved too difficult, so she eventually returned to a part-time job with spousal benefits.

While an increasing number of companies have been giving women the opportunity to work more flexible hours after they return from maternity leave, some women complain of being marginalized, with few opportunities for career growth and advancement.

A government survey released last year offered a bleak outlook. It showed no improvement in gender equality in the workplace, with some 28.4% of women saying they are treated equally at work, up only 0.2 percentage points since 2016.

Yasuko Kato, 42, returned to work as limited full-time accountant three years ago, but said there’s been little change in her responsibilities.

Because she drops off and picks up her kids, she works from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. “I have no extra time at work,” she said. But because of a chronic staff shortage, she doesn’t get any help from full-time employees. As a result, Kato said “it’s difficult to raise my hand for a new role.”

Terps start fast on offense, then their defense finishes off Purdue #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

Terps start fast on offense, then their defense finishes off Purdue

Jan 19. 2020
Maryland forward Darryl Morsell puts up a shot as Purdue's Matt Haarms defends during the first half of their game Saturday at Xfinity Center in College Park, Md. MUST CREDIT: Photo by Will Newton for The Washington Post

Maryland forward Darryl Morsell puts up a shot as Purdue’s Matt Haarms defends during the first half of their game Saturday at Xfinity Center in College Park, Md. MUST CREDIT: Photo by Will Newton for The Washington Post
By The Washington Post · Emily Giambalvo · SPORTS, BASKETBALL 

COLLEGE PARK, Md. – The tension around Maryland’s basketball program had heightened in the wake of back-to-back road losses, one disappointing for how lopsided it was, the other for the team’s failure to execute late. But as soon the Terrapins tipped off Saturday against visiting Purdue, a strong start quelled the concern and eventually helped them survive a second-half slump.

The No. 17 Terps didn’t fall into a familiar early hole and halted a two-game losing streak with a 57-50 win against the Boilermakers. Even though Maryland led by 18 during its impressive first half, Purdue climbed back when Maryland’s second-half shooting went cold.

Maryland's Jalen Smith releases a shot during the first half Saturday against Purdue. Smith finished with a double-double and was a force on the defensive end. MUST CREDIT: Photo by Will Newton for The Washington Post

Maryland’s Jalen Smith releases a shot during the first half Saturday against Purdue. Smith finished with a double-double and was a force on the defensive end. MUST CREDIT: Photo by Will Newton for The Washington Post

“We needed a win,” Coach Mark Turgeon said. “Obviously, it’s an understatement. … Probably what we did the best is coming off a tough loss on the road, a game that we probably could have won but we didn’t. Our guys responded, showed you a little bit about our guys, the way we came out, started the game and played terrific.”

Defense has powered the Terps to wins in other games this season, and Saturday it helped them hang on after Purdue’s late surge. With about four minutes to go, the Terps (14-4, 4-3 Big Ten), who led by double digits most of the game, saw their lead whittled to three. But Jalen Smith’s thunderous dunk, followed by key defensive stops let the Xfinity Center crowd exhale one final time. Maryland held Purdue without a field goal in the final six minutes.

“We came out slow in the second half,” Smith said. “Coach Turgeon reminded us at halftime to not do that and we just let it slip, but [we] recovered, tried to hold them off as best as we could.”

Smith, a sophomore forward from Baltimore, led Maryland with 18 points and 10 rebounds. His defense helped contain Purdue’s big men, Trevion Williams and Matt Haarms. The entire Maryland team played well defensively, but when asked about Smith, Turgeon said, “It’s amazing what he’s doing.”

Freshman Donta Scott became the “X factor” in Maryland’s strong first half, Purdue Coach Matt Painter said. Scott has continued to justify his starting role and delivered again Saturday, scoring a career-high 13.

The Terps leaped ahead of the Boilermakers (10-8, 3-4) with their best start of the season. Positive moments early in games have become a rarity for Turgeon’s team. Maryland had been outscored in the opening five minutes in 13 of 17 games coming into Saturday. The Terps had a seven-point lead after five minutes against the Boilermakers and pushed it to 12 less than a minute later.

Maryland’s typically strong defense held Purdue scoreless for more than four minutes to open the game while the offense moved the ball well, racking up seven assists on the team’s first seven field goals. Eric Ayala, starting for his second straight game, hit a 3 early and his teammates followed suit. Smith, Scott and Aaron Wiggins each made a pair of 3s in the first half.

“It was just a big energy boost,” Wiggins said. “We all continued to build off that. Having that lead makes us comfortable. … Not having to fight to get back into the game or anything. That’s always good for our team.”

Wiggins’ recent struggles led Turgeon to bring the sophomore off the bench in Maryland’s previous game, at Wisconsin. Wiggins still played 34 minutes in that game, but Turgeon said he thought Wiggins seemed more comfortable in that role. So Wiggins again started the game on the bench Saturday and repeated his performance from earlier this week with another strong outing. He hit a 3-pointer immediately after entering the game and finished with 12 points – the second straight confidence-boosting game for a player fighting through a slump, particularly from 3-point range.

The Terps shot 7 of 15 from deep in the first half and took a 36-20 lead into halftime. They shot only 28 percent during the final 20 minutes and missed all nine 3-point attempts as Purdue pushed closer. Turgeon said his team became a bit stagnant in the second half, but Purdue is also the best defensive team Maryland has faced.

“Sometimes in the second half, when you can’t figure out how to score, it snowballs,” Turgeon said. “And that’s what happened today.”

Purdue cut Maryland’s advantage to seven near the midpoint of the second half, forcing Turgeon to call a timeout. Maryland responded with a dunk from Wiggins, then a jumper from Smith with the shot clock running down. Smith then blocked Williams’ attempt on Purdue’s following possession.

The Boilermakers continued to hang around even after Scott tipped in Wiggins’ miss to restore a double-digit lead with under seven minutes to go. Isaiah Thompson’s 3-pointer trimmed the margin to five with under six minutes remaining, the smallest it had been since the opening minutes.

The Terps missed seven straight shots and then fouled Sasha Stefanovic on a 3-point attempt, and he made all three free throws to cut the lead to 53-50 with just under four minutes remaining. From there, Maryland’s defense responded, and that early offensive burst gave the Terps a cushion they needed late.

“It’s going to be an up-and-down season when you’re in a great league,” Turgeon said. “… What was important was how we responded when everybody [was] thinking the world’s coming to an end.”

Saudis dash Thai Olympic hope #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

Saudis dash Thai Olympic hope

Jan 19. 2020
Thailand team after their defeat (Photo by Wanchai Kraisornkhajit)

Thailand team after their defeat (Photo by Wanchai Kraisornkhajit)

Thailand’s hope for Olympic debut was shattered after they lost to Saudi Arabia 0-1 in the AFC U-24 Championship at the Thammasat Stadium on Saturday.

A penalty kick by Saudi Abdullah Al Hamdan in the 78th minute put the end of journey for the Akira Nishino’s team which reached their first ever quarter-final in the tournament before.

“Our players dealt with the pressure well since the group stage. However there were moments that they should have done better in their pressing game. It’s something the players have to improve as they still need more experience,” said the national coach Akira.

Referee Ahmed Al Kaf awarded the penalty after confirmation of the offence by the Video Assistant Referee. The decision of Al Kaf sparked controversies among infuriated Thai fans on the social media.

However for Saudi manager Saad Al Shehri, he believed that his team would still prevail even without the penalty.

“The Thai team didn’t have many opportunities but we did. I believe we could convert any opportunities even we were not awarded the penalty,” Al Shehri said whose team is through to the next round and keep their hopes of a first Olympic appearance since 1996 intact.

Top three teams in the AFC U-23 Championshill will qualify for the Olympics in Japan this year.

Stamp to defend ONE atomweight title against Todd in Singapore #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

Stamp to defend ONE atomweight title against Todd in Singapore

Jan 19. 2020

ONE Championship returns to the Singapore Indoor Stadium on Friday, 28 February for ONE: King of the Jungle, set to showcase the absolute best in world-class martial arts talent.

In the main event, two-sport ONE World Champion Stamp Fairtex of Thailand is scheduled to defend her ONE Atomweight Kickboxing World Title against Janet “J.T.” Todd of the United States.

Stamp returns to ONE Super Series action to defend her ONE Atomweight Kickboxing World Title. After going 4-0 in mixed martial arts competition thus far, the 22-year-old phenom has taken the world by storm, captivating audiences across the globe with her striking prowess and unmistakable charm.

Stamp was most recently in action at ONE: A NEW TOMORROW at home in Bangkok, where she finished Puja Tomar via first-round technical knockout. Now she makes the quick turnaround to defend one of her prestigious belts.

Todd, a two-time Pan-American Muay Thai Champion, challenged Stamp in early 2019 for the inaugural ONE Atomweight Muay Thai World Championship, but ultimately fell short of victory after five close rounds. Despite the setback, Todd remains Stamp’s toughest test to date. The two now look to reprise their epic battle, this time with the ONE Atomweight Kickboxing World Championship on the line.

In the co-main event of the evening, reigning ONE Strawweight Kickboxing World Champion Sam-A Gaiyanghadao of Thailand will take on Rocky Ogden of Australia for the ONE Strawweight Muay Thai World Title.

Sam-A was spectacular in his most recent bout, a unanimous decision nod over Wang Junguang last December. Recognized as one of the most accomplished Muay Thai competitors of all time, Sam-A has put together a stellar professional career spanning more than 400 bouts. He has captured Muay Thai World Titles across several weight classes. He joined ONE Super Series in 2018, and not long after became the inaugural ONE Flyweight Muay Thai World Champion. Although he would surrender that title, he would capture the ONE Strawweight Kickboxing World Title in his most recent contest. Sam-A now attempts to capture a another belt, the ONE Strawweight Muay Thai World Championship, when he goes against ONE Super Series newcomer Ogden, a WPMF Bantamweight World Champion.

In a lightweight contest, former ONE World Title challenger Amir Khan of Singapore will take on ONE Warrior Series contract winner Kimihiro Eto of Japan.

Khan, a Singaporean Muay Thai champion, has faced the biggest names in ONE Championship, including former ONE Lightweight World Champion Eduard Folayang and former ONE Featherweight World Champion Honorio Banario. Eto, on the other hand, is a national Greco-Roman and Freestyle wrestling champion who has a penchant for notching impressive submissions.

Veteran Yoshihiro “Sexyama” Akiyama of Japan and Korea returns to action against Sherif “The Shark” Mohamed of Egypt in a welterweight mixed martial arts contest. Akiyama seeks his first victory on the ONE Championship global stage against a seasoned opponent, while Mohamed looks to get back to the winner’s circle by downing a legend.

Top women’s atomweight and former ONE World Title challenger Mei “V.V” Yamaguchi of Japan continues her march to the top of the weight class, this time by facing formidable Chinese adversary, Meng Bo. Yamaguchi is known for her well-rounded striking and grappling skills, as well as veteran experience. She has faced the biggest names in her division throughout her career, which includes challenging Angela Lee twice for the atomweight belt. Meng, meanwhile, is a winner of her last four bouts, three of which have come inside the distance.

Unbeaten American bantamweight contender Troy Worthen has no doubt impressed thus far in his ONE Championship career, winning his first two bouts for the promotion — both technical knockout victories over game opponents. Worthen will take on New Zealand’s Mark Fairtex Abelardo, a ONE Warrior Series contract winner.

Former ONE Featherweight World Champion Honorio “The Rock” Banario of the Philippines battles Thai superstar Shannon “OneShin” Wiratchai in a featherweight contest. Both Banario and Wiratchai are looking for statement-making wins to kick-start their year, but only one man will leave the ONE Circle with their hands raised in victory.

Fan-favorite and former ONE World Title challenger Tiffany “No Chill” Teo of Singapore makes her highly-anticipated return to action against dangerous grappler Ayaka Miura of Japan. Teo’s most recent outing saw her claim victory over Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu world champion Michelle Nicolini. Miura, conversely, is coming off a scintillating performance against Maira Mazar earlier this month. Teo certainly knows how to deal with grapplers, but Miura is riding a wave of momentum into this contest that may prove tough to overcome.

Indian wrestling sensation Ritu “The Indian Tigress” Phogat goes for two-in-a-row in her budding mixed martial arts career when she locks horns with China’s Wu Chiao Chen. Phogat sizzled in her ONE Championship debut late last year, when she finished Nam Hee Kim in the first round by technical knockout. Phogat will need to be at the top of her game against Wu, who is looking to make an impact in her ONE Championship debut.

In a ONE Super Series kickboxing contest, WFKO Kyokushin Karate World Champion Hiroki Akimoto of Japan faces OneSongchai R1 Champion Azwan Che Wil of Malaysia. Representing Evolve MMA in Singapore, Akimoto is coming off a thrilling victory over Kenny Tse last year, showcasing his toughness and aggressive striking style. He will need every bit of power he can muster if he wants to stop his determined Malaysian foe.

Lastly, ONE Strawweight Indonesian Tournament Champion Adrian “The Papua Badboy” Mattheis of Indonesia aims to bounce back from a tough loss to countryman Stefer Rahardian by claiming victory over CMPC 2015 Fighter Of The Year, “Wolf of the Grasslands” Hexigetu. Local hero Radeem Rahman, the first Singaporean martial artist in ONE Championship, goes head-to-head with Canada’s Jeff Chan.


Friday, 28 February

Singapore Indoor Stadium, Singapore

Main Event

ONE Atomweight Kickboxing World Championship

Stamp Fairtex (C) vs Janet Todd

Kickboxing: 52.2kg

Co-Main Event

ONE Strawweight Muay Thai World Championship

Sam-A Gaiyanghadao (C) vs Rocky Ogden

Muay Thai: 56.7kg

Main Card

Amir Khan vs Kimihiro Eto

Mixed Martial Arts: 77.1kg

Yoshihiro Akiyama vs Sherif Mohamed

Mixed Martial Arts: 83.9kg

Mei Yamaguchi vs Meng Bo

Mixed Martial Arts: 52.2kg

Lead Card

Troy Worthen vs Mark Fairtex Abelardo

Mixed Martial Arts: 65.8kg

Honorio Banario vs Shannon Wiratchai

Mixed Martial Arts: 70.3kg

Tiffany Teo vs Ayaka Miura

Mixed Martial Arts: 56.7kg

Ritu Phogat vs Wu Chiao Chen

Mixed Martial Arts: 52.2kg

Hiroki Akimoto vs Azwan Che Wil

Kickboxing: 63.5kg

Adrian Mattheis vs Hexigetu

Mixed Martial Arts: 56.7kg

Radeem Rahman vs Jeff Chan

Mixed Martial Arts: 65.8kg

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