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เตือน นั่งเฝ้าหน้าจอนานๆ สุขภาพเสี่ยง #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 27, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์คมชัดลึก

https://www.komchadluek.net/news/lifestyle/412303?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral&utm_campaign=lifestyle

เตือน นั่งเฝ้าหน้าจอนานๆ สุขภาพเสี่ยง

27 มกราคม 2563 – 00:00 น.
นั่งเฝ้าหน้าจอนานๆ สุขภาพเสี่ยง
เปิดอ่าน 310 ครั้ง

เตือน นั่งเฝ้าหน้าจอนานๆ สุขภาพเสี่ยง คอลัมน์…  อินโนสเปซ โดย…  บัซซี่บล็อก

รู้หรือไม่? นั่งเฝ้าหน้าจอนานๆ ใม่ว่าจะเป็นจอทีวี จอคอมพ์ หรือจอโทรศัพท์มือถือ เท่ากับเป็นการทำร้ายสุขภาพตัวเอง เป็นตัวจุดระเบิดทั้งโรคอ้วน เบาหวาน ไปจนถึงมะเร็ง รวมทั้งอาจลามไปถึงภาวะจิตตก หดหู่ ซึมเศร้าอีกด้วย

โลกยุคปัจจุบันที่แทบทุกกิจกรรมในชีวิตประจำวันของคนทุกช่วงวัย ถูกผูกติดกับหน้าจอด้วยความสะดวกสบายแค่ปลายนิ้ว ทำให้แต่ละวันเราก็นั่งติดอยู่กับที่เป็นจำนวนชั่วโมงที่นานขึ้นๆ โดยเมื่อเร็วๆ นี้ มีการเปิดเผยข้อมูลผลการวิจัยที่ใช้เวลารวบรวมข้อมูลมาต่อเนื่องร่วม 15 ปี ในวารสารของสมาคมการแพทย์อเมริกัน (Journal of the American Medical Association) ระบุว่า จากการวิเคราะห์ฐานข้อมูลที่รวบรวมจากกลุ่มตัวอย่างชาวอเมริกันกว่า 50,000 คน ครอบคลุมทั้งเด็ก วัยรุ่น และวัยผู้ใหญ่ ระหว่างปี 2544-2559 แต่ละคนใช้เวลาไปกับการนั่งอยู่กับที่เพิ่มขึ้นเรื่อยๆ โดยเฉพาะวัยรุ่นใช้เวลานั่งเกาะหน้าจอเฉลี่ยนานถึงวันละ 8 ชั่วโมง

งานวิจัยชิ้นนี้ยังได้ข้อสรุปอย่างหนึ่งว่า เหตุผลสำคัญที่ทำให้คนทุกช่วงวัยในยุคนี้นั่งติดหน้าจอนานขึ้นๆ โดยไม่รู้ตัว ก็เนื่องมาจากการใช้งานคอมพิวเตอร์ หรือสื่อสารผ่านออนไลน์ นอกเหนือจากในเวลาทำงานหรือในห้องเรียนเพิ่มขึ้นเรื่อยๆ นั่นเอง

“แนวโน้มนี้ไม่ได้กำลังเกิดขึ้นเฉพาะในสหรัฐ แต่เราพบบริบทเดียวกันนี้ทั้งในยุโรปและออสเตรเลียเช่นกัน” Lin Yang ผู้เชี่ยวชาญในสาขางานบริการสาธารณสุข และหนึ่งในผู้ทำงานวิจัยฉบับนี้กล่าว

ข้อมูลนี้สอดคล้องกับที่ นายภุชพงค์ โนดไธสง รองปลัดกระทรวงดิจิทัลเพื่อเศรษฐกิจ และสังคม (ดีอีเอส) กล่าวระหว่างการประชาสัมพันธ์งานกิจกรรมเดิน-วิ่งการกุศล “Digital Run2020” ว่าปัจจุบันคนส่วนใหญ่ใช้เวลาอยู่กับเทคโนโลยีและหน้าจอมือถือ/แท็บเล็ตวันละนานๆ โดยไม่ทันตระหนักว่าจะเกิดผลกระทบต่อสุขภาพร่างกาย รวมถึงเกิดผลเสียต่อพัฒนาการของเด็ก ซึ่งการนั่งอยู่กับที่เป็นระยะเวลานาน เป็นต้นเหตุของน้ำหนักเกิน และโรคไม่ติดต่อเรื้อรัง (NCD) หลายโรค อาทิ โรคเบาหวาน โรคหัวใจ

ทั้งนี้เคยมีผลสํารวจจากนีลเส็น ซึ่งเป็นบริษัทวิจัยการตลาดระดับโลก พบว่าประชากรวัยผู้ใหญ่ใช้เวลาอยู่กับหน้าจอโดยเฉลี่ยวันละประมาณ 11 ชั่วโมง ขณะที่ งานวิจัยจากนักวิชาการมหาวิทยาลัยคาลการี (Calgary) ประเทศแคนาดา ระบุว่า ทั้งผู้ใหญ่และเด็กมีแนวโน้มใช้เวลานั่งเกาะติดหน้าจอเพิ่มขึ้นเรื่อยๆ ซึ่งปัจจัยด้านการทํางานและการเรียนก็เป็นส่วนหนึ่งที่ทำให้ต้องใช้เวลากับหน้าจอคอมพิวเตอร์ แท็บเล็ต หรือมือถือครั้งละนานๆ และละเลยการออกไปทํากิจกรรมกลางแจ้ง

ด้าน Erin O’Loughlin นักจิตวิทยาด้านการออกกำลังกาย (exercise psychologist) มหาวิทยาลัยคอนคอร์เดีย มอนทรีออล ประเทศแคนาดา บอกว่า คนเรามีแนวโน้มที่จะคิดว่าตัวเองใช้เวลาไปกับการออกกำลังกายมากกว่าการนั่งอยู่กับที่ ดังนั้นจึงคิดกลยุทธ์เพื่อจูงให้เด็กและวัยรุ่นออกห่างจากหน้าจอ และออกมาทำกิจกรรมกลางแจ้งให้มากขึ้น โดยใช้วิดีโอเกมเป็นเครื่องมือ โดยเลือกใช้เกมประเภท “exergames” หรือเกมเกี่ยวกับการออกกำลังกาย เพื่อทำให้ผู้เล่นเกิดความสนุกและสนใจกับการเกาะติดข้อมูลการออกกำลังกายของตัวเองผ่านแอพได้อย่างง่ายดาย

“การเล่นกีฬาหรือกิจกรรมกีฬาเป็นเรื่องที่ดี แต่ถ้าคนเรารู้สึกว่ามันไม่ใช่ตัวเอง ก็คงไม่อยากทำ ดังนั้นเมื่อคนเพลิดเพลินกับการอยู่หน้าจอ เราก็เอาทั้งสองอย่างมาผสานเข้าด้วยกันเพื่อกระตุ้นให้เกิดการเคลื่อนไหวหรือขยับร่างกายด้วยการออกแบบเป็นวิดีโอเกมสำหรับให้พวกเขาเล่นกัน”

  Digital Run2020
ส่งต่อสุขภาพดียุคดิจิทัล

กระทรวงดิจิทัลฯ ชวนร่วมงาน “Digital Run 2020” ส่งต่อสุขภาพดียุคดิจิทัล โดยร่วมกับมูลนิธิพัฒนานวัตกรรมสุขภาพ เตรียมจัดงานเดิน-วิ่งการกุศล “Digital Run2020” ในวันอาทิตย์ที่ 29 มีนาคม มุ่งหวังให้เป็นกิจกรรมส่งเสริมการออกกําลังกายแก่ประชาชนทุกกลุ่ม สร้างความตระหนักในการรักษาสุขภาพและเป็น เป็นเวทีประชาสัมพันธ์นวัตกรรมสุขภาพด้านการสื่อสารความรู้สุขภาพเฉพาะบุคคล (Health for You)

โดยผู้สนใจสามารถสมัครเดิน-วิ่ง แบ่งเป็น 2 ระยะทาง ได้แก่ ระยะทาง 5 กม. และมินิมาราธอน ระยะทาง 10 กม.สําหรับบุคคลทั่วไป ค่าสมัคร 600 บาท และสําหรับผู้พิการทางการเคลื่อนไหวหรือร่างกาย (วีลแชร์) หรือผู้พิการทางการมองเห็น ไม่เสียค่าใช้จ่ายสามารถสมัครออนไลน์ ผ่านทาง race.thai.run/DIGITALRUN19 รายได้ส่วนหนึ่งจากกิจกรรมจะนําไปบริจาคให้มูลนิธิคนพิการไทย

“หนึ่งในวัตถุประสงค์ของการจัดกิจกรรมครั้งนี้เพื่อสร้างความตื่นตัวเรื่องการออกกําลังกายมากขึ้น อีกทั้งการวิ่งเป็นการออกกําลังกายที่ทุกคนสามารถทําได้ง่ายๆ”

Remote-Controlled Forklift via 5G – Thailand’s First Industrial Use Case by AIS/SCG/PSU Offering Mor #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 27, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

https://www.nationthailand.com/recommended/823?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral

Remote-Controlled Forklift via 5G – Thailand’s First Industrial Use Case by AIS/SCG/PSU Offering Mor

Jan 27. 2020
  • Thailand has gained another crucially technological advancement made possible by no. 1 digital technology, AIS and leading business conglomerate in the ASEAN, SCG in collaboration with Prince of Songkla University (PSU). For the first time in Thailand, the three organizations have successfully demonstrated the use of 5G technology for industry. The experiment was endorsed by the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC).

  • 5G technology was utilized to operate an unmanned forklift via AIS 5G network. The unmanned forklift was parked at SCG plant in Saraburi while the operator attempted to control it at SCG Headquarters in Bangsue, Bangkok. SCG operator was able to operate the forklift fluidly, maneuvering palettes from point A to point B accurately in real-time. This 5G industrial test paves way to increased productivity and safety, and opportunity for staff remote-training. It has become an important model for other industries to follow.
  • AIS and SCG have signed an MOU in research and innovation development using 5G network for multiple projects, plus staff competency to put Thai performance at the world’s frontline. The two giants intend to build 5G ecosystem together to enhance sustainable innovations and increase Thailand’s industrial competitiveness as well as the living quality of Thai people.

Mr. Wasit Wattanasap, Head of National Network Operation and Support at AIS said, “5G technology will dramatically change the way we do things in Thailand. It is capable of revolutionizing national industry and fulfilling Thailand 4.0 policy. Users will benefit in three ways: faster data speed, IoT connectivity, and stable and responsive network. As national leader in digital technology, AIS is committed to bring advanced technology to support driving of Thailand 4.0 policy for the benefits of Thai people.

AIS is the first to complete 5G testing nationwide. We welcome developers, researchers, students and individuals to work with us, testing 5G in multi-dimensions to understand how it works and how it can better digital economy and living quality of Thai people. AIS has proven ready to be the center for creating ecosystem specializing in innovation and delivering best customer experiences to users of all generations and all regions.

The collaboration among AIS, SCG and PSU marks a significant milestone in Thailand’s 5G test. Through NBTC consent, the 2.6 gigahertz bandwidth was utilized to demonstrate forklift’s remote operation in Saraburi province while the operator was controlling it in Bangkok, about 110 kilometers away. The result was a success, reiterating that 5G technology will definitely play an important role in Thailand’s future businesses. Needless to say, developing 5G ecosystem involves a few players including government, companies, and academic. Everyone has a part to play to promote and support 5G innovation, and to make Thailand capable to compete in the global market.”

Mr. Attapong Sathitmanothum, Director – Mechanization Automation & Robotics (MARs) and Industry 4.0, SCG said, “SCG aims to improve work operations in various fields and across business units including cement and building materials, packaging, and chemicals. We would like to enhance our company’s capabilities steadily and sustainably. A working group in Mechanization, Automation, and Robotics or MARs, along with Industry 4.0, has been established in 2016 to be a catalyst in leveling production process up to achieve Smart Factory by integrating MARs technology and Industry 4.0 together. With an investment over 860 million baht during the first three quarters of 2019, SCG has achieved several solutions including a predictive maintenance to notify us before the machine breakdown (Smart Maintenance), use of robot in laboratory (Smart Laboratory), automated dispatching system that provides cement to customers automatically (Smart Dispatching), and use of digital technology enabling data accessibility throughout supply chain so that everyone can utilize the same data as single source of truth, perform data analytics to improve our  competitiveness, and enhance our responsiveness to customers’ needs.

SCG stresses the importance of cooperative networking with intelligent and skilled organizations towards work success and speediness. Hence, it is a good initiative when SCG collaborates with AIS on this regard so SCG customers can receive products and services more efficiently and Thailand’s industry can leap further from our collaboration and optimization.

The project of remote-controlled forklift via 5G took place first at SCG plant in Saraburi where large numbers of raw materials and products are subject for moving. Forklift was chosen as a prototype due to its ease of operation in material mobility. If succeed, SCG could move on to applying 5G technology with other equipment and aspects. The forklift test confirms fast response in real-time and accuracy in data transfer necessary for advanced automated configuration. In addition, the proven capability in remote controlling can increase work productivity as drivers can operate forklifts from any location, and trainers can provide long-distance trainings to staff in various locations simultaneously and conveniently.

5G technology can strengthen SCG efficiency in many ways. Workers will be safer managing information in real-time and centralization. Customers will be more satisfied because logistics will become more effective. For example, SCG can incorporate IoT into Smart Home to provide convenience as well as safety to home living. Lastly, 5G will benefit SCG people development programs tremendously, truly aligning with our Industry 4.0 direction.”

Associate Professor Dr. Peerapong Teekasakul, Director of Innovation Hub at Council of University Presidents of Thailand said, “In the past, Prince of Songkla University through the Institute of Research and Digital Innovation has been actively conducting research and development with private- and industry sectors. We co-study and co-test 5G technology in many dimensions with our goals to building and preparing the new technology ready for actual industrial usages which, in turn, will increase competitiveness for Thailand’s industry. PSU receives funding for 5G study from Innovation Hub, Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation, to create an advanced intelligence platform for vehicles operable with low-latency controlling system via 5G AIS network. We hope the test results will lead to use cases in Thailand’s industry in the near future.”

The Kremlin has its hands in the internet around the world, and it’s also trying to control cyberspace at home #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 27, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

https://www.nationthailand.com/edandtech/30381107?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral

The Kremlin has its hands in the internet around the world, and it’s also trying to control cyberspace at home

Jan 27. 2020
In Kirkenes is a Norwegian monument honoring the soldiers of the Soviet army who liberated the town from Nazi German occupation in 1944. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Ksenia Ivanova

In Kirkenes is a Norwegian monument honoring the soldiers of the Soviet army who liberated the town from Nazi German occupation in 1944. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Ksenia Ivanova
By The Washington Post · Isabelle Khurshudyan · WORLD, TECHNOLOGY, EUROPE

MOSCOW – On a stretch of Norway’s Arctic border known for its views of the Northern Lights is the small town of Kirkenes. Its population is under 4,000 and the local online newspaper has a staff of just two.

And it’s here that Russia is signaling what the future may hold: a wider hand in trying to censor the internet at home.

At issue is the Barents Observer, which publishes in English and Russian, and a story about an openly gay man who twice contemplated suicide but then changed his mind and is now speaking out to promote mental health. Russia’s state telecommunications regulator, Roskomnadzor, flagged the story for propagating suicide and blocked the entire Observer website in Russia last year.

Kirkenes, Norway, is home to the Barents Observer, an online newspaper that publishes in English and Russian. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Ksenia Ivanova

Kirkenes, Norway, is home to the Barents Observer, an online newspaper that publishes in English and Russian. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Ksenia Ivanova

But the editor of the Barents Observer wonders whether the website was targeted because of anti-Kremlin positions in the past.

From Japanese comics to political opposition web addresses to a small Norwegian publication that had roughly 20,000 Russian readers per month, Russia’s so-called “blacklist” has eclipsed 300,000. But although Moscow has become notorious for meddling in the global internet, doing so at home isn’t as easy – especially in a society that’s already used to online freedoms.

The view from a pier at Kirkenes. The Barents Observer has lost two-thirds of its Russian audience since being put on Russia's Internet blacklist. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Ksenia Ivanova

The view from a pier at Kirkenes. The Barents Observer has lost two-thirds of its Russian audience since being put on Russia’s Internet blacklist. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Ksenia Ivanova

Russia so far has tread relatively carefully in its censorship efforts. Still, internet freedom monitors in Russia fear its new “sovereign internet” law could one day rival Chinese and Iranian online oversight. The London-based rights monitor Freedom House ranked Russia 51st out of 65 countries on its internet-freedom rating last year.

The legislation came into force in November, but it could be a year before the technology is in place. It aims to route Russian web traffic and data through points controlled by state authorities and to build a national domain name system. This, supporters claim, would give Russia greater control of internet content and traffic.

Authorities backing the bill have described it as a cybersecurity measure needed to defend Russia by building a fenced-off network.

But critics see it as the government’s way of further cracking down on one of the few free sources of information remaining in the country.

Cable news channels are state-run, and the television audience is gradually declining, according to the Levada Center, an independent Russian pollster. Its study of the Russian media landscape in 2019 also revealed that social networks have replaced television as the main news source for young Russians, and although 80 percent of the population had confidence in television as a news source 10 years ago, that figure is now 55 percent.

“Cyber activity has been harnessed by the Russian government to target governments and activists externally but now those same tools are turned inward,” said Heather A. Conley, director of the Europe Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. “Russian officials have seen how the internet and social media can be used by civil society to share information, organize grass-roots protests across Russia and as an instrument of transparency against Russian corruption.”

An uprising more than eight years ago over election-rigging allegations sparked Russian authorities’ first efforts to wield more control over the internet. Russian President Vladimir Putin started to see the web as “a potential threat” and consider regulations, said former lawmaker Ilya Ponomarev.

Around the same time, the first measures were introduced to block undesirable content on the internet, specifically targeting child pornography, drug-related material and anything that could be considered as encouraging suicide.

The blacklist was supposed to be implemented by nongovernmental organizations, but the role instead went to watchdog Roskomnadzor. More than 10 state agencies can ask Roskomnadzor to block a website.

“That particular legislation did nothing wrong, but it was used as a model to introduce further initiatives,” Ponomarev said. “They were introducing laws but already for the political cases – what they called extremism, terrorism and this kind of stuff, which led to the establishment of real censorship.”

The result has been a loose definition of what can be blocked. Some Japanese manga has been added to the blacklist as child pornography. News websites run by Kremlin critics Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Garry Kasparov are inaccessible to Russians because they’ve been categorized as “extremism.”

And the Barents Observer was punished for allegedly promoting suicide even though the subject of its story was doing the opposite.

Thomas Nilsen, the editor, suspects the real trouble dates to 2014, when a Russian official publicly accused the website of anti-Russian reporting because it used terms such as “Putinism” and was critical of the country’s annexation of Crimea from Ukraine.

“We are located in probably the most remote corner of Europe,” Nilsen said. “But not because we chose to end up in this situation, we feel that, yeah, we are on the border to Russia but we are also on the border to the fight for freedom of the internet.”

Not all of Russia’s Internet blockades have been successful.

After the Telegram messaging app, especially popular in Russia, refused to give authorities access to its users’ encrypted messages in 2018, Roskomnadzor unsuccessfully attempted to block it but inadvertently denied Russians access to a slew of unrelated online services.

Telegram remains widely used by Russians, including many officials – even Roskomnadzor head Alexander Zharov is on the app. The country blocked LinkedIn in 2016 because it stores the user data of Russian citizens outside of Russia, but it’s been hesitant to take the same action with more popular social platforms Facebook and Twitter.

“They perfectly understand that 90 percent of (online) users are apolitical,” Khodorkovsky said. “But if you deprive them of a beloved product, they can politicize, which no one wants.”

Artem Kozlyuk of Roskomsvoboda, a group that fights censorship on the internet and promotes freedom of information, said that the new sovereign internet law “opens up a new chapter of regulation” because it involves infrastructure control through deep-packet inspection technology – an advanced way to filter traffic.

He doubts that Russia will actually have the capability to cut itself off from the global web, as the country’s authorities have claimed. But service could go dark in some regions for a short time.

That’s already happened during protests in Moscow and Ingushetia, a republic in the Caucasus region.

A block had devastating consequences for the Barents Observer. The publication has lost two-thirds of its Russian audience since being put on the internet blacklist.

Nilsen, the Observer’s editor, said he’d rather that happen than to succumb to self-censorship.

“We have decided never to compromise on what we are writing,” he said. “We are following what we believe is good ethics of journalism. And we don’t want to change anything because Roskomnadzor disagrees with us.”

A virus, fires and protests: The perils confronting college study-abroad programs #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 27, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

https://www.nationthailand.com/edandtech/30381079?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral

A virus, fires and protests: The perils confronting college study-abroad programs

Jan 26. 2020
File Photo Credit China Daily: People wait for trains to return home on Jan 23, 2020. [Photo/sipaphoto.com]

File Photo Credit China Daily: People wait for trains to return home on Jan 23, 2020. [Photo/sipaphoto.com]
By  The Washington Post · Lauren Lumpkin · WORLD, EDUCATION 

A novel, potentially lethal virus in China. Bush fires in Australia. Political protests in Hong Kong.

Amid turmoil in different corners of the world, universities that send students to far-flung destinations have temporarily curtailed some programs while closely monitoring others.

Nine American University students studying in Beijing are hundreds of miles from the center of a coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China. But they have been encouraged to wear surgical masks, wash their hands frequently and avoid large crowds, said Mark Hayes, director of the school’s study-abroad programs.

“None of them are in the affected areas that have been quarantined,” Hayes said. “We have been working to give them information.”

Three students from Georgetown University are studying in Beijing, said Meghan Dubyak, a spokeswoman. The school issued a campuswide advisory in recent days urging students and faculty to get flu shots and to rely on International SOS, a platform that provides medical alerts and evacuation services for students and faculty abroad.

Authorities in Wuhan have halted regional travel, and hundreds of flights from the city’s international airport were canceled Thursday. In Beijing, officials have canceled mass Lunar New Year celebrations, hoping to limit the spread of the airborne illness.

China’s leader, Xi Jinping, warned Saturday of an “accelerating spread” of the virus that has claimed at least 56 lives. Infections have been confirmed in cities throughout China – including Beijing – and in Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam, Nepal, Australia, France and the United States.

The response to the coronavirus has been rapidly evolving: On Saturday, Hong Kong announced schools would be closed until mid-February.

Leaders at George Washington University have shared safety information with students studying in China and other countries, Crystal Nosal, a spokeswoman, said in an email.

“Students were encouraged to stay aware and seek the most up-to-date information from their programs about the changing conditions while in the country or traveling through the region,” Nosal said. “The health and welfare of our community members is our utmost priority.”

But even before the emergence of a new coronavirus was widely recognized, several campuses in the District of Columbia – American, Catholic, George Washington and Georgetown universities – were suspending academic programs for another reason: explosive protests in Hong Kong that have gained international attention.

The demonstrations were triggered by legislation that would have allowed the extradition of criminal defendants to mainland China. Hong Kong’s government formally withdrew the proposal in October, but protesters want officials to meet other demands – including an independent investigation into police conduct and direct elections for government leaders.

Study-abroad program directors must tread a fine line between obstructing students’ ability to explore new places and keeping them safe.

In November, the peaceful protests in Hong Kong took a turn when a student at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology died after demonstrators clashed with police.

“The protests moved onto college campuses,” said Grace Schneider, director of education abroad at Catholic University. “Hong Kong is one that, obviously, it was a long time ramping up. The protests started small, nonviolent, and went on for months.”

Leaders at Georgetown evacuated a group of students who were studying at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in November, said Livvy Gordon, a junior and global business major at Georgetown.

“We had been in Hong Kong for almost three months at that point, and I had seen one protest from afar,” Gordon said. “We were shocked once it began to escalate and once things moved to campus.”

Some students see political unrest as a learning opportunity. Rohit Seth, a 19-year-old sophomore at American University, said he wants a chance to understand, firsthand, the tension between pro-Brexit and pro-European Union voters in London. Hundreds of thousands of protesters filled the streets of London in October to decry the Brexit referendum authorizing the United Kingdom to withdraw from the EU.

“With everything happening with Brexit, I think it’s important to be abroad when all this big stuff is happening,” Seth said at an information session for students looking for study-abroad opportunities.

AU’s Hayes said his office has warned students about potential travel issues in the region. Brexit could affect students’ ability to travel across Europe and return to their host school in London.

AU in recent years discontinued a study-abroad program in Aleppo, Syria, and evacuated students from Beirut amid safety concerns. Catholic suspended its program in Chile this semester after protesters fought a subway fare increase in October.

Two popular study-abroad sites in Australia – Sydney and Melbourne – have not been directly affected by bush fires engulfing parts of the country, but program directors are still monitoring the flames.

Four Howard University students are studying in Sydney, about 50 miles away from the fire zone, said Maraina Montgomery, assistant director of study-abroad programs.

Officials do not expect programs to be upended by fires but are concerned about air quality. Reports from Melbourne said air quality in mid-January was six times worse than what’s considered healthy. In recent days, conditions have improved.

Bryony Whitelaw, a junior at AU, said her host school in Melbourne has sent information about where the fires are roaring and how far those sites are from campus.

“I’m not looking forward to it if it is as bad as it has been the last few days, but I should be fine,” Whitelaw said about the air quality in mid-January.

Scientists have cited climate change as the underlying cause of an outbreak of fires that have cost more than two dozen people their lives and destroyed upward of 2,000 homes. Whitelaw views it as a learning opportunity.

“Maybe it’s an opportunity for the world to get together and say we need to make some radical changes there,” Whitelaw said.

At the Institute for the International Education of Students, also called IES Abroad, faculty are encouraged to embrace the chaos, said William Hoye, executive vice president and chief operating officer. The nonprofit offers study-abroad programs in 34 locations around the world.

“We’re often focused on our faculty making sure what’s happening in the country has a teachable moment,” Hoye said. “We want the faculty and staff to not just understand where the protests are, but why the protests are.”

IES suspended summer programs in Hong Kong and is offering students in Sydney the option to move their studies to neighboring New Zealand, Hoye said.

Foreign universities that host American students regularly issue safety tips to prospective students. Study-abroad offices at Washington-area schools reported sharing a host of resources with students, including State Department travel advisories and travel insurance, in case programs are abruptly cut short.

“When countries are more unstable, we’ll be a little more cautious with students, letting them know upfront about the situation and that we don’t necessarily know yet what’s going to happen,” Catholic University’s Schneider said.

Toshiba develops real-time speech recognition AI #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 24, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

https://www.nationthailand.com/edandtech/30380962?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral

Toshiba develops real-time speech recognition AI

Jan 23. 2020
By The Nation

As the world approaches an era where more people can live beyond a hundred years, concerns have been raised over the challenge of labour shortages due to low birth rates and an ageing population.

RPA (Robotics Process Automation) — using robots to automate work processes —has been touted as a possible way to solve the issue of labour shortages and, at the same time, increase productivity by transforming the way we work.

It has been introduced in finance and other fields, producing great results in automating document creation and data entry tasks.

Nevertheless, many companies still need to carry out tasks such as recording minutes of meetings and transcribing speeches. While AI and software that automatically converts speech to text are already available on the market, converting speech to text accurately still needs to be done manually.

How can we solve this issue and help create a society that is easy to work in?

Toshiba provides an answer with its newly-developed speech recognition AI.

In an interview, Taira Ashikawa, head of Research and Hiroshi Fujimura, lead researcher of the Toshiba Corporate R&D Centre’s Media AI Laboratory, which developed AI, talked about the history of speech recognition using AI and the breakthroughs they had made during development.

Smooth speech transcription with a fast, easily readable display: Toshiba has a history of working on media intelligence, a field which makes use of human voices and images that have undergone information processing. The foundation the company has cultivated in the field over many years plays a big role in the creation of this voice recognition AI.

Toshiba first began developing AI in 2015. At the time, there was increasing momentum around the world in the field of information accessibility, which aims to create environments that enable people that are deaf and hard of hearing to access and input information. Toshiba has started “Universal Design (UD) Adviser System” since 2007 to enable employees with disabilities to participate in product development. The company believes in promoting diversity and inclusion in the workplace and develops UD-friendly products and services through the years.

“When we interviewed the hearing-impaired people in UD Adviser System, we found out that they wanted to participate in meetings and lectures in real time, and not just read the transcripts provided subsequently. So we tried to provide a function that would automatically display easy-to-read subtitles in real time. To assist the hearing-impaired people in collecting and providing information, we need to do two things: expand information accessibility for the hearing-impaired, and increase productivity. The development of speech recognition AI started from these two points in mind.” Ashikawa said.

Taira Ashikawa, Head of Research, Media AI Laboratory, Toshiba Corporate R&D Center

Taira Ashikawa, Head of Research, Media AI Laboratory, Toshiba Corporate R&D Center

The technology behind the accuracy in speech recognition: When you describe speech from people’s conversations during meetings and lectures, you will end up with a text that is hard to read. Anyone who has ever transcribed speeches can tell you that. There is a lot of unnecessary content that gets in the way of getting information such as meaningless filler words like “Uh,” and “Umm” and expressions of agreement that add nothing to the content.

The speech recognition AI Toshiba developed is able to recognise speech with high accuracy and detect fillers and hesitation markers as well. This is an essential function when it comes to increasing productivity. Algorithms form the core of AI, and the development team explored a variety of approaches to increase accuracy.

“At first we hit a wall because the level of accuracy of recognition just wouldn’t increase no matter what we did. Our primary goal was to provide users with something that they could use conveniently. By using the increasingly popular model known as LSTM (*1) as well as CTC learning (*2), we tried to teach AI about speech peculiarities such as fillers and hesitation markers that are exclusive to human beings.” Fujimura said.

(*1) LSTM (Long Short-term Memory): one of the developed forms of RNN (Recurrent Neural Network), which has a recursive structure in a hidden layer. It is able to learn long-term dependency relationships which are difficult for conventional RNNs to do.

(*2) CTC (Connectionist Temporal Classification): A method for training RNN to solve problems where sequence lengths differ during input by introducing null characters and adjusting loss functions.

Hiroshi Fujimura, Lead researcher, Media AI Laboratory, Toshiba Corporate R&D Center

Hiroshi Fujimura, Lead researcher, Media AI Laboratory, Toshiba Corporate R&D Center

Up until now, speech recognition has worked by analysing sound wave patterns and parsing them by identifying that this part is “a,” this other part is “i” and so on. However, fillers and hesitation markers have an endless variety of patterns, and it would take a long time to learn about them one by one.

“We used LSTM to capture information such as ‘this is what fillers are like,’ ‘this is what it sounds like when someone hesitates over a word,’ as a statistical model and then used CTC learning to make the AI learn it as a model. Through that, the AI became capable of detecting the countless patterns of fillers and hesitation markers as well,” Fujimura said.

“There is still plenty of room for improvement in development and technology to achieve a fully accurate speech recognition offering. Our speech recognition AI can recognize speech in Japanese, English and Chinese for now. We strive to develop an environment where speakers of different languages will be able to enjoy a smooth conversation with one another. When we develop AI, we dream of taking something like that, which you only see in futuristic science fiction or comic books, and making it a reality”.

This is how the AI evolved into speech recognition AI with superior accuracy. When the development team used lectures as an opportunity for verification testing, the AI achieved an average speech recognition ratio of 85%. That means it was able to recognize the contents of speech above a certain level without editing or advance learning. Now that they have raised the accuracy of the speech recognition, they are considering applying it to the communication AI known as RECAIUS™.

They developed applications where a representative affair is a real-time subtitle display function for the hearing-impaired people. They harness AI to display speech clearly with fillers and hesitation markers reflected in faint, non-obtrusive subtitles. This was a user-friendly specification introduced following detailed discussions with users.

Automatic speech subtitling system (left) and image of displayed subtitles (right)

Automatic speech subtitling system (left) and image of displayed subtitles (right)

“As far as we’re concerned, filler words like “umm” and “uhh” just get in the way. However, what the hearing-impaired people really want is to get as much information as possible. When they read the subtitles while following the movements of the speaker’s lips, they get stressed when fillers and hesitation markers are cut out because they feel that the speaker is saying something that isn’t being reflected in the text,” Ashikawa said.

“So we decided to leave the fillers and hesitation markers in the subtitles but is displayed faintly to make the text easier to read. However, when we record them as transcribed documents, we remove the filler and hesitation markers. That way, we get brief and concise documents.”

AI shows its true worth in manufacturing as well: In March 2019, Toshiba collaborated with Dwango Co Ltd and held a live broadcast of the 81st National Convention of the Information Processing Society of Japan on video website “niconico”. Subtitled videos were distributed online in real time. They are planning to deploy it not only for office tasks but for use in manufacturing settings as well.

“It’s rare to see speech recognition being used as a service in offices today. So it would be ideal for us if users would trust our product and use it, and if it could become something they used in everyday business without being conscious that it’s a speech recognition AI. For example, the words we are speaking right now could become a text polished enough to be used as a business document, with the speakers clearly identified to show who said what. We hope to create a speech recognition AI that is handy and reliable,” Ashikawa said.

“The use of speech recognition hasn’t been applied in manufacturing sites. However there is a need for hands-free voice collection and recording in factories during maintenance and inspections. So I think there’s room for this speech recognition AI to be adopted there as well,” Fujimura said.

We hope to use our knowledge and know-how about manufacturing facilities to seamlessly integrate speech recognition into their operations. We can do that because we have spent a long time developing speech recognition AI and accumulated knowledge about manufacturing and infrastructure settings. ’Why does Toshiba work on speech recognition?’ I think this will provide one of the answers to that fundamental question”.

With the numerous potential applications and benefits, there is no doubt that this speech recognition software will be making its presence increasingly felt in more offices and manufacturing sites in the near future.

Virginia teacher aims to empower readers with the right book #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 21, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

https://www.nationthailand.com/edandtech/30380814?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral

Virginia teacher aims to empower readers with the right book

Jan 21. 2020
Corrina Reamer built a personalized library for her 11th-grade English class in Alexandria, Va., by raising money online and applying for grants. MUST CREDIT: Washington Post photo by Matt McClain

Corrina Reamer built a personalized library for her 11th-grade English class in Alexandria, Va., by raising money online and applying for grants. MUST CREDIT: Washington Post photo by Matt McClain
By The Washington Post · Hannah Natanson

To teach a love of reading, Corrina Reamer starts by writing.

Each fall, she pens a letter to her 11th grade English class at T.C. Williams High School International Academy in northern Virginia. She tells the students who she is: where she’s from, the jobs she has held, which TV shows she favors. Then, she asks for a reply.

Corri Reamer built a book-fillled haven, dubbed Reamer's Reading Retreat, in a corner of her classroom. MUST CREDIT: Washington Post photo by Matt McClain

Corri Reamer built a book-fillled haven, dubbed Reamer’s Reading Retreat, in a corner of her classroom. MUST CREDIT: Washington Post photo by Matt McClain

“I read all of those letters,” Reamer said. Over the next few weeks, “I think about it. I come up with three to five books for each kid, and we sit down, face-to-face, to read the jackets.”

She picks the possibilities from a meticulously curated library of almost 1,000 books she houses on shelves painted turquoise and burnt-orange in her third-floor classroom – a library she paid for through online fundraisers and grants. Reamer, 45, offers the teens texts meant to feel familiar: The characters might resemble her students, practice their religion, speak their language.

Reamer knows she has found the right book, she said, “when the kid just lights up – there should be an ‘Ooooooh!’ noise.”

She is seeing early success, which she attributes both to the personalized selections and to her habit of reading aloud to students. In the four years since Reamer began teaching at the Alexandria, Virginia, campus, her students – all immigrant or international students with limited English – have on average achieved two years’ worth of reading progress each year.

Reamer is a rare bright spot at a moment when children’s reading proficiency is plunging nationwide. A study released last year by the National Center for Education Statistics found that two-thirds of fourth- and eighth-graders in the United States do not meet basic federal standards for reading proficiency, capping a decade’s worth of poor performance.

In Virginia, students’ reading scores on the National Assessment of Educational Progress – an exam widely known as “the nation’s report card” – have declined since 2017.

Bob Farrace, spokesman for the National Association of Secondary School Principals, said lackluster literacy levels contribute to a larger disaffection with learning. He pointed to a 2016 Gallup survey that found just one-third of 11th- and 12th-graders nationally report feeling “engaged” by what they study in school. Although Reamer is teaching to students who come from abroad, Farrace said, her methods offer a path for educators everywhere.

“She’s clearly empowering kids to take control of their reading and thus, their learning,” Farrace said. “Allowing for that kind of choice needs to become a schoolwide culture.”

Farrace said it’s troubling – if typical – that Reamer had to raise money to make it possible. Federal data show that nine in 10 educators spend almost $500 each year on school supplies. The Washington Post reported that teachers often go to extreme lengths to find classroom resources, begging friends for help, visiting Goodwill or scouring garage sales.

Reamer estimates she garnered roughly $10,000 over the past three years by soliciting donations on the website DonorsChoose, while $5,000 more came from grants and from an Alexandria parent-teacher group.

This month, she’s hosting two DonorsChoose fundraisers: one for paperbacks and magazines “that should fit in any teen’s back pockets” and one for “a selection of classics.”

It takes time – hours every week – to stay on top of her grant applications and fundraisers, Reamer said. She often works on both late into the night, a level of devotion she acknowledged may be impossible for some teachers.

“I don’t mind sitting on the couch with a cocktail and writing a grant, but if you have kids you might not have time,” she said.

For the most part, Reamer said, she feels well supported by Alexandria City Public Schools. T.C. Williams boasts a well-stocked library, she said, staffed by knowledgeable librarians – and she knows that is not the case for many schools.

“In some places, entire school libraries are in the situation where they have to do fundraising to receive books,” said Audrey Church, director of the School Librarianship graduate program at Longwood University.

Reamer started her first fundraiser three years ago because she wanted to build a book collection tailored to her students, one boasting texts at every reading level. She also hoped to collect stories featuring diverse characters.

“When a student named Meena from Afghanistan can come in, and I can hand her a book with a main character named ‘Meena,’ ” Reamer said, “you can bet she’s going to read that whole book.”

Nationally, the push for diverse books gained serious momentum about a half-decade ago, Church said, with the founding of the nonprofit We Need Diverse Books. The movement is built around a three-part theory, Church said: that texts should serve as mirrors, windows and sliding glass doors.

Children must see themselves in what they read – that’s the mirror piece, Church said. But they should also read about people who are different – the window. And they must “make that connection that we’re all different, but we’re all alike, and we should be accepting of all,” Church said. That’s the sliding door.

Over the past two years, Alexandria City Public Schools – where 72% of students are black, Hispanic or Asian – has moved to diversify its library and textbook offerings. In 2018, the school system set aside $1.2 million to purchase more than 70,000 “diverse and culturally sensitive” books and related materials for students in kindergarten through fifth grade.

In the fall, Alexandria City schools won $60,000 from the nonprofit First Book, which gives books to disadvantaged children nationwide. That money will allow more than 10,000 children to take home between one and three books over the next few months, said Shanna Samson, the administrator who applied for the grant.

At each school in Alexandria, educators will work to select books – often, bilingual texts – that match the demographics of their classrooms.

“As our nation becomes more and more diverse, we just need to be more representative of our students,” Samson said. “Our content must be representative of our country.”

At the start of the year, Reamer used a small percentage of the money she has received to purchase furniture for Reamer’s Reading Retreat, set up in a cozy corner.

Nearly every morning, students arrive before school starts, grab a book and settle down in one of three canvas chairs – and a rocking chair – to snatch a blissful 15 minutes cocooned among colorful pillows and patterned blankets. Reamer estimates roughly three-fourths of her current and former students read books on their own, in their free time.

Spaced around Reamer’s classroom, at least four separate signs bear the same verb: “READ.”

Shekofa Hussaini, 18, needs no instruction.

Hussaini, a student in Reamer’s Honors English class, packs the book she’s reading – David Levithan’s “Some Day” – into her school bag each morning. Even if she doesn’t find time to open it, Hussaini said, she likes to have the novel nearby.

It’s the second installment in a four-part saga centered on “A,” the protagonist who is cursed to awaken in a different body every morning. Reamer recommended the series after Hussaini – who emigrated from Afghanistan three years ago – confided she likes to “get to know a lot of different people.”

The books resonated for another reason.

In childhood, after watching a medical drama on television, Hussaini decided she wanted to be a doctor. In Afghanistan, that felt impossible. Even after moving to the United States, it still seems daunting.

But then she thinks about A’s never-failing determination to court love interest Rhiannon – no matter the protagonist’s inability to remain in one body.

A’s “perseverance reminds me of my own,” Hussaini said. “I read, and know that I will not give up.”

โลกยิ่งเร็วภัยไซเบอร์ยิ่งแรง #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 20, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์คมชัดลึก

https://www.komchadluek.net/news/lifestyle/411088?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral&utm_campaign=lifestyle

โลกยิ่งเร็วภัยไซเบอร์ยิ่งแรง

20 มกราคม 2563 – 00:00 น.
ภัยไซเบอร์,อินโนสเปซ,อาชญากรไซเบอร์,ออนไลน์
เปิดอ่าน 110 ครั้ง

โลกยิ่งเร็วภัยไซเบอร์ยิ่งแรง คอลัมน์…  อินโนสเปซ  โดย…  บัซซี่บล็อก 

โลกยิ่งเคลื่อนไปข้างหน้าเร็วขึ้นตามความก้าวหน้าของยุคดิจิทัลและเครือข่ายออนไลน์ที่แทรกซึมอยู่ในทุกอณูของการใช้ชีวิตผ่านอุปกรณ์ที่สามารถพูดคุยกันได้อัตโนมัติผ่านอินเทอร์เน็ตและโทรศัพท์มือถือที่อยู่ติดกาย ในอีกด้านเหล่าอาชญากรไซเบอร์ก็ยิ่งจู่โจมเหยื่อได้รวดเร็วและรุนแรงขึ้นกัน มีข้อมูลจากมหาวิทยาลัยแมริแลนด์ เปิดเผยว่า แต่ละวันจะมีการจู่โจมทางไซเบอร์เกิดขึ้น 2,244 ครั้ง หรือเฉลี่ยทุกๆ 39 วินาที จะมีการจู่โจม 1 ครั้ง

ขณะที่ตัวเลขอื่นๆ ที่บ่งชี้ความรุนแรงต่อเนื่องของภัยไซเบอร์ ได้แก่ เฉพาะช่วง 6 เดือนแรกของปี 2562 มีข้อมูลรั่วไหลสู่มือวายร้ายไซเบอร์ถึง 4.1 พันล้านไฟล์ข้อมูล (ที่มา : ริสก์เบส) โดยเวอไรซอน ได้เจาะลึกลงไปพบว่า 71% ของเป้าหมายโจมตีเพื่อมุ่งหวังเงิน และ 21% เป็นการจารกรรมข้อมูล ซี่งการรั่วไหลของขัอมูลเหล่านี้ 52% เกิดจากการแฮ็กข้อมูล อีกประเด็นที่น่าสนใจก็คือ แม้จะมีความพยายามปกป้องตัวเองจากการถูกแฮ็ก/เจาะข้อมูลด้วยการตั้งรหัสผ่าน แต่ก็ดูเหมือนว่าน่าจะไม่เพียงพออีกต่อไป โดยรายงานจากบริษัท ไซเบอร์ซีเคียวริตี้ มีเดีย ระบุว่าภายในสิ้นปี 2563 จะมีจำนวนรหัสผ่านที่ใช้กันอยู่ทั้งโดยมนุษย์และเครื่องจักร/คอมพิวเตอร์ต่างๆ มากถึง 3 แสนล้านรหัส

ล่าสุด นายเท็ด เฮอเบิร์ต รองประธานฝ่ายการตลาดของโกลบอลไซน์ (GlobalSign) ก็ออกมาส่งสัญญาณเตือนว่ายุคของการแฮ็กผ่านอุปกรณ์อัจฉริยะ (smart devices) กำลังคืบคลานเข้ามาแล้ว ปัจจุบันมีจำนวนอุปกรณ์ที่เชื่อมต่ออินเทอร์เน็ตได้ หรือไอโอที (IoT) เกือบ 3 หมื่นล้านชิ้นทั่วโลก และทุกๆ 1 วินาที จะมีอุปกรณ์ใหม่ๆ โดยเฉลี่ย 127 ชิ้นที่ถูกนำไปเชื่อมต่ออินเทอร์เน็ต อีกทั้งคาดว่าภายในอีก 5 ปีข้างหน้าจะมีจำนวนอุปกรณ์ไอโอทีทั่วโลกมากกว่า 7 หมื่นล้านชิ้น

เมื่อไม่นานนี้ นายเดอริค มันคี นักกลยุทธ์ความปลอดภัยเครือข่ายระดับโลก บริษัท ฟอร์ติเน็ต ได้นำเสนอมุมมองคาดการณ์แนวโน้มภัยไซเบอร์ในปี 2563 ไว้ส่วนหนึ่งว่า “จะเห็นการใช้เทคโนโลยีใหม่ๆ โจมตีทุกรูปแบบ ในปริมาณมาก สามารถหลบหลีกการตรวจพบ ชุมชนอาชญากรไซเบอร์ประสบความสำเร็จในการคุกคาม โดยอาศัยทำนายการตัดสินใจของเหยื่อที่แม่นยำมากขึ้นและใช้ประโยชน์จากการเชื่อมโยงเครือข่ายมากขึ้น จึงพบภัยคุกคามมากขึ้น”

จากรายงานภัยคุกคามภูมิทัศน์ความปลอดภัยทางไซเบอร์ล่าสุดจากฟอร์ติเน็ต พบว่า อีกกลยุทธ์ที่ใช้คือการกำหนดเป้าหมายการโจมตีในปริมาณมากที่สุด เช่น อาชญากรกำลังกำหนดเป้าหมายไปยังบริการที่ส่วนที่มีการเชื่อมต่อกับสาธารณชนมากขึ้น ซึ่งอาจเป็นการฉวยโอกาสที่องค์กรกำลังมุ่งมั่นกับการอัพเกรดอุปกรณ์เกตเวย์รักษาความปลอดภัยให้ระบบอีเมลของตนและฝึกอบรมบุคลากรเพื่อต่อสู้กับภัยฟิชชิ่งที่มีมากมายในขณะนี้อยู่ อาชญากรจึงใช้กลยุทธ์โจมตีที่แตกต่างกันในปริมาณมาก และคุกคามเข้ามาในเครือข่ายได้สำเร็จ

และที่น่าสนใจมากที่สุดในขณะนี้คือการพัฒนากลยุทธ์การโจมตีที่ใช้การทำงานร่วมของภัยประเภทหนอน (Swarm-based attacks) ทั้งนี้ ภัยหนอนอัจฉริยะกลุ่มใหม่ที่เกิดจากบ็อต (Bot) ที่ปรับแต่งได้ และถูกจัดกลุ่มรวมกันตามฟังก์ชั่นการโจมตีที่เฉพาะเจาะจง หนอนอัจฉริยะกลุ่มใหม่นี้จะสามารถแบ่งปันและเรียนรู้จากกันและกันได้แบบเรียลไทม์ สามารถกำหนดเครือข่ายเป้าหมาย และโจมตีเหยื่อ ในทุกด้านได้พร้อมๆ กันอย่างง่ายดาย ดังนั้นจึงเป็นความท้าทายในศักยภาพของเครือข่ายที่จะต้องป้องกันตนเองให้ได้อย่างแข็งแกร่ง

ดังนั้นถึงเวลาแล้วสำหรับการคิดใหม่ ทำใหม่ องค์กรจำเป็นต้องเริ่มใช้เทคโนโลยีและกลยุทธ์ประเภทเดียวกันเพื่อปกป้องเครือข่ายที่อาชญากรใช้ในการคุกคามเข้ามา นั่นคือการใช้วิธีการป้องกันภัยแบบบูรณาการอย่างชาญฉลาดซึ่งใช้ประโยชน์จากพลังงานและทรัพยากรที่องค์กรมีอยู่ในปัจจุบัน

เทคโนโลยีเอไอ (Artificial Intelligence : AI) เป็นหนึ่งในความหวังที่ดีที่สุดในการช่วยองค์กรเผชิญกับปัญหาภัยคุกคามใหม่ๆ นี้ได้ โดยมีเป้าหมายคือการพัฒนาระบบภูมิคุ้มกันแบบปรับตัวได้เองสำหรับเครือข่าย คล้ายกับระบบภูมิคุ้มกันในร่างกายมนุษย์ ซึ่งในร่างกายของเรา จะมีเซลล์เม็ดเลือดขาวที่จะเข้ามาช่วยเหลือเมื่อตรวจพบปัญหาโดยอัตโนมัติ เพื่อต่อสู้กับการติดเชื้อ ในขณะที่ยังจะส่งข้อมูลกลับไปที่สมองเพื่อการประมวลผลที่มากขึ้น เช่น การจัดสรรทรัพยากรเพิ่มเติมหรือจดจำการใช้ยาปฏิชีวนะ”

ด้าน นายอีแวน ดูมาส ผู้อำนวยการประจำภูมิภาคเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้ บริษัท เช็ค พอยท์ ซอฟต์แวร์ เทคโนโลยีส์ จำกัด กล่าวในทิศทางเดียวกันว่า จากสถานการณ์ในปี 2562 แสดงให้เห็นภัยคุกคามที่มีความซับซ้อนอย่างมาก องค์กรต้องนำแผนเชิงรุกมาใช้เพื่อป้องกันและอยู่นำหน้าการโจมตีของอาชญากรไซเบอร์ให้ได้ ความสามารถในการตรวจจับและการบล็อกการโจมตีโดยอัตโนมัติตั้งแต่ระยะเริ่มแรก จะช่วยป้องกันไม่ให้เกิดความเสียหายขึ้นได้

ทั้งนี้รายงานสรุปความปลอดภัยทางไซเบอร์ปี 2563 ของเช็คพอยท์ เปิดเผยข้อมูลและเทคนิคการโจมตีที่สำคัญๆ ที่นักวิจัยของเช็กพอยท์ตรวจพบได้ในช่วงปีที่ผ่านมาหลักๆ ได้แก่ 1.มัลแวร์ขุดบิตคอยน์ (Cryptominer) ยังคงยึดหัวหาดการโจมตีของมัลแวร์ เนื่องจากการใช้ซอฟต์แวร์ขุดเงินดิจิทัลยังคงเป็นกิจกรรมที่มีความเสี่ยงต่ำและให้ผลตอบแทนสูงสำหรับอาชญากร 2.กองทัพบ็อตเน็ตมีขนาดใหญ่ขึ้น โดยพบว่ามีองค์กรทั่วโลกได้รับผลกระทบเพิ่มขึ้นกว่า 50% จากปีก่อนหน้า

3.แรนซัมแวร์แบบมีเป้าหมายโจมตีหนักมาก อาชญากรเลือกเป้าหมายในการใช้แรนซัมแวร์อย่างระมัดระวัง โดยมีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อเพิ่มรายได้จากการเรียกค่าไถ่ให้ได้สูงสุด 4.การโจมตีอุปกรณ์เคลื่อนที่ลดลง เป็นผลจากการที่เกิดความตระหนักที่สูงขึ้นเกี่ยวกับภัยคุกคามของอุปกรณ์เคลื่อนที่ 5.ปีแห่งการโจมตีของ Magecart ที่กำลังแพร่ระบาดอย่างรวดเร็ว โดยเป็นการนำรหัสที่เป็นอันตรายเข้าไปใส่ไว้ในเว็บไซต์อีคอมเมิร์ซเพื่อขโมยข้อมูลการชำระเงินของลูกค้าจากหลายร้อยเว็บไซต์ ตั้งแต่เครือโรงแรมขนาดใหญ่ ยักษ์ใหญ่ด้านการค้า ไปจนถึงธุรกิจเอสเอ็มอีในทุกแพลตฟอร์ม และ 6.การโจมตีระบบคลาวด์เพิ่มจำนวนขึ้น ขนาดของการโจมตีและการรั่วไหลของข้อมูลเพิ่มขึ้นอย่างต่อเนื่อง และกำลังพบโจมตีซึ่งพุ่งเป้าไปที่ผู้ให้บริการคลาวด์โดยตรงมากขึ้น

Justice Department official sees ‘fertile ground’ for encryption legislation in wake of Pensacola shooting #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 18, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

https://www.nationthailand.com/edandtech/30380743?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral

Justice Department official sees ‘fertile ground’ for encryption legislation in wake of Pensacola shooting

Jan 18. 2020
By The Washington Post · Ellen Nakashima 

WASHINGTON – A senior Justice Department official on Friday said he saw an increasing willingness on Capitol Hill to pass legislation requiring tech companies to make their encrypted devices accessible to law enforcement, saying “the ground is as fertile as ever” for such action.

Assistant Attorney General John Demers declined to disclose “how far along we are on a decision to seek legislation” but leaned forward on the issue.

“I’ve never seen the atmosphere here in D.C. to be so conducive to passing some kind of encryption legislation or lawful access legislation as it is today,” Demers said during a discussion at the Wilson Center.

His remarks come in the wake of last month’s shooting at a naval base in Pensacola, Florida, that killed three people and led the FBI earlier this month to ask Apple for help opening two iPhones that belonged to the Saudi shooter. This week, U.S. Attorney General William P. Barr raised the issue again, accusing Apple of failing to provide “substantial assistance” and calling on the firm “to help us find a solution” to locked devices.

President Trump on Tuesday also weighed in with a harsh tweet: “We are helping Apple all of the time on TRADE and so many other issues, and yet they refuse to unlock phones used by killers, drug dealers and other violent criminal elements,” he said. “They will have to step up to the plate and help our great Country, NOW!”

Demers referred to a Senate hearing in December in which Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., warned tech firms to find a way to build access into their phones or Congress would act. “My advice to you is to get on with it,” he said, “because this time next year, if we haven’t found a way that you can live with, we will impose our will on you.”

Any legislation would still have to pass a Democratic-controlled House, where a bipartisan alliance of privacy hawks and libertarians could block those efforts. Such legislation has been an uphill climb in Congress for years. A bipartisan draft law was circulated after the FBI in early 2016 was unable to get into the iPhone of a terrorist who carried out a mass shooting in San Bernardino, California, but it faced such criticism that it was never introduced.

In a statement, Apple rejected the assertion that it has not provided substantial help in the Pensacola case. Within six hours of the FBI’s first request on Dec. 6 and in the days after, it provided data, including iCloud backups and account information for multiple accounts, the firm said. One account belonged to the shooter.

The FBI notified Apple only on Jan. 6 – a month after the shooting – that it needed additional help, revealing that the gunman had a second phone. But, as the firm argued in 2016 when the FBI wanted help unlocking the phone in the San Bernardino case, it could not break into the device without hacking it. The FBI eventually paid a private contractor $900,000 to crack the passcode after disabling a security feature.

“There’s a good reason why Congress has failed to legislate up to now,” said Jennifer Daskal, a law professor at American University. “Once you get past the talking points, the range of security, privacy and economic risks become apparent.”

Facebook ordered to hand over data about thousands of apps that may have violated user privacy #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 18, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

https://www.nationthailand.com/edandtech/30380741?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral

Facebook ordered to hand over data about thousands of apps that may have violated user privacy

Jan 18. 2020
By The Washington Post · Tony Romm 

A Massachusetts judge has ordered Facebook to turn over data about thousands of apps that may have mishandled its users’ personal information, rejecting the tech giant’s earlier attempts to withhold the key details from state investigators.

The decision amounted to a significant early victory for Maura Healey, the Democratic attorney general of Massachusetts, who said in a statement Friday that Facebook users – and local watchdogs – “have a right to know” whether the company broke the law and violated people’s privacy.

Facebook, however, signaled the fight may not be over, marking its latest effort to battle back state regulators who have intensified their scrutiny of the tech giant.

“We are disappointed that the Massachusetts Attorney General and the Court didn’t fully consider our arguments on well-established law,” spokesman Andy Stone said in a statement, adding: “We are reviewing our options, including appeal.”

Massachusetts revealed it was probing Facebook over its data-collection practices in September, an investigation that stemmed from the company’s entanglement with Cambridge Analytica. That privacy scandal already has resulted in a record-breaking, $5 billion federal fine for Facebook.

The court dispute centered on Facebook’s admission last year that it had suspended “tens of thousands” of apps for possible privacy violations. Facebook discovered the app issues as a result of an internal audit of its third-party developers, but it declined to share – with the public or with Massachusetts officials – exactly who it had suspended or many details about their potential wrongdoings.

Healey and her aides argued the data was critical, potentially showing that thousands of apps, some with large numbers of users, presented an elevated risk of privacy violations or behaved in a way that “may suggest data misuse,” her office said at the time. Facebook, however, fought to keep the evidence to itself, arguing it should be shielded from investigators.

After months of wrangling, the attorney general’s office took the issue before a Suffolk Superior Court judge, who ruled Friday that Facebook must surrender the information. Facebook now has 90 days to comply with the state’s request.

“We are pleased that the Court ordered Facebook to tell our office which other app developers may have engaged in conduct like Cambridge Analytica,” Healey said in a statement.

Facebook, for its part, has fought aggressively against states that have probed its privacy practices in the months after the Federal Trade Commission settled with the company. In California, for example, Facebook’s refusal to turn over key documents prompted Attorney General Xavier Becerra, a Democrat, to take the company to court in November.

Companies burned by big tech plead for Congress to regulate Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Google #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 18, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

https://www.nationthailand.com/edandtech/30380740?utm_source=category&utm_medium=internal_referral

Companies burned by big tech plead for Congress to regulate Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Google

Jan 18. 2020
By The Washington Post · Tony Romm 

BOULDER, Colo. – Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Google took a public lashing at a congressional hearing here Friday, where some of their smaller rivals, including Sonos and Tile, pleaded with federal lawmakers to take swift action against big tech.

Democrats and Republicans at times appeared stunned as they heard tales of tech giants wielding their massive footprints as a weapon, allegedly copying smaller competitors’ features or tweaking their algorithms in ways that put encroaching companies at a costly disadvantage. The testimony came as part of a wide-ranging antitrust probe into Silicon Valley’s biggest players that House lawmakers aim to wrap up – with recommendations for regulation – in the coming months.

“It’s like soccer,” said Kirsten Daru, the general counsel of Tile, which has accused Apple of acting anti-competitively. “You might be the best team in the league, but you’re playing against a team that owns the field, the ball, the stadium and the entire league, and they can change the rules of the game at any time.”

The pleas for regulatory relief resonated with lawmakers, led by Rep. David Cicilline, D-R.I., the chairman of the House’s top antitrust committee. “It has become clear these firms have tremendous power as gatekeepers to shape and control commerce online,” Cicilline said to open the session.

The hearing at the University of Colorado-Boulder put a public face on the pain caused by some of the largest tech companies in the United States. Cicilline and his Democratic and Republican peers have sought to determine if federal antitrust law is sufficient to hold Silicon Valley accountable – and whether changes to federal law are necessary to address anti-competitive concerns in search, smartphones, e-commerce and social networking.

“I think it’s clear there’s abuse in the marketplace and a need for action,” said Rep. Ken Buck, a Republican from Colorado.

The House investigation comes as the U.S. government’s two competition agencies, the Federal Trade Commission and Justice Department, proceed with their own probes into Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Google for potential antitrust violations. Nearly every state attorney general, meanwhile, has trained their sights on Facebook and Google, announcing wide-ranging inquiries of their own earlier this year.

A key leader in those states’ efforts – Colorado Attorney General Phil Weiser – sketched out a broad, ambitious agenda for antitrust enforcement in a private meeting with U.S. lawmakers Friday morning, where he called on them to invest more resources in oversight.

“The idea we’re not going to regulate tech companies is so 1990s,” Weiser said in an interview before he spoke.

At the hearing, Tile took issue with Apple for changes to its most recent iOS software for iPhones and iPads. Tile said Apple’s tools to help smartphone owners find their missing items largely mimics its own offering. Adding to its advantages, Apple imposes tougher restrictions on how Tile and others collect much-needed location data, said Daru, the company’s general counsel.

“Tile welcomes competition,” she said, “but it has to be fair competition.”

Apple says its policies seek only to protect privacy, but lawmakers at times did not appear convinced, pointing to other instances in which the iPhone giant – seeing a successful product in Apple’s app ecosystem – launches competing services of their own.

“Once Apple has essentially decided to do the same, it renders all of those apps superfluous and unnecessary,” said Rep. Joe Neguse, D-Colo.

Patrick Spence, the leader of Sonos, blasted Google and the rest of the industry for “using their power in one market to conquer or destroy nascent markets.” The high-end speaker company alleges in a lawsuit that Google unlawfully copied its technology, a charge Google denies.

PopSockets, a Boulder-based company that makes circular grips for smartphones, took issue with Amazon. David Barnett, the company’s founder, fretted about restrictions Amazon places on sellers. He said PopSockets at one point tried to quit selling through the e-commerce giant, but severing those ties ultimately cost his company $10 million. Amazon has disputed Barnett’s claims.

And David Heinemeier Hansson, the co-founder of Basecamp, which makes Web-based product management tools, said the digital ecosystem as a whole had been “colonized by a handful of big tech companies.” He likened the current behaviors of Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Google to some of the same practices that decades ago led the government to try to penalize Microsoft for antitrust abuses.

“Help us, Congress,” Hansson said, “you’re our only hope.”

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