ต่างประเทศ

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Green electricity spurs clean development in eastern China

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368141

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Green electricity spurs clean development in eastern China

ASEAN+ April 23, 2019 01:00

By CHINA DAILY
ASIA NEWS NETWORK
SHANGHAI

IF YOU WERE walking or driving along the coast of East China’s provinces such as Jiangsu, Fujian and Guangdong, you’ll likely notice rows of white turbines offshore.

These are wind farms, a scene straight out of Europe, the leader in offshore wind energy. Only, they bear testimony to the rapid technological development of offshore wind-based energy in China.

As waves lap at the seemingly floating towers, electricity is generated by harnessing powerful winds that rotate the giant blades of these fans installed on the sea.

With 11 coastal provinces, China has abundant offshore resources: a coastline of 18,000 kilometres, and more than 3 million square km of sea |area.

Factors like falling production costs brought about by the technological improvements in the past 10 years, are encouraging the construction of offshore wind farms.

In the not too distant future, the cost of building offshore wind farms will likely match that of their onshore counterparts.

There are other factors to consider here. Consumption of electricity has always limited the development of clean energy in the country.

For example, the development of onshore wind farms, which are usually constructed far from the power consumption cluster in the east, has been slow in the past few years as the segment matured.

The installed capacity of onshore wind farms in 2017 reached a five-year low of 1,160 MW, according to the Chinese Wind Energy Association.

Given offshore wind farms’ proximity to coastal city load centres in China, their steady development could mean they could potentially contribute more than half of the clean energy consumed in China in the future.

The offshore segment offers an opportunity to the coastal regions to further reduce their over-reliance on imported coal-fired electricity that not only causes emissions but is expensive and inflexible.

In addition, the offshore wind farms, unlike their onshore counterparts, do not require land resources, while their utilisation hours are 20 per cent to 70 per cent higher.

Small wonder, China is witnessing cutting-edge R&D of offshore wind turbines.

Domestic firms such as Goldwind and Dongfang Electric already have capabilities to produce high-capacity machine units that adapt to the country’s complex coastal marine environment and don’t rely on imports anymore.

They have laid a solid foundation for the commercial development of the country’s offshore wind power sector.

Economy of scale now marks the renewable energy sector. Many provinces have laid out a blueprint for the offshore wind power development for the next few years.

For instance, Jiangsu province has approved 24 offshore wind power projects with a total capacity of 6.7 GW. China aims to build seven large-scale wind power generation bases in Gansu, Xinjiang, Hebei, Jilin, Inner Mongolia and Jiangsu in 2020, to boost clean energy consumption.

Experts think the government may plan for the needed grid-connection arrangements to keep pace with the acceleration in the offshore wind sector’s development.

What may spur good news next is that turbine costs are continuously falling. The country is gradually catching up in the fields of oceanographic engineering, long distance power transmission and facility maintenance.

It is highly likely that the turbines might continue spinning offshore without feeding off any government subsidies. Such a scenario would |help countries to move to a more reliable, cheaper and cleaner energy economy.

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Shanghai streamlines visa, work approval procedures to draw talent

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368143

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Shanghai streamlines visa, work approval procedures to draw talent

ASEAN+ April 23, 2019 01:00

By CHINA DAILY
ASIA NEWS NETWORK
SHANGHAI

SHANGHAI has opened a talent hub in its free trade zone aiming to streamline procedures for attracting and retaining foreign professionals.

At the Shanghai Pudong International Talent Hub, located in the heart of Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park in the Pudong New Area, visa applicants can obtain work and residence permits by making a single visit. Also unveiled is a one-stop online service platform, where applicants manage to book physical examinations and apply for both permits by filling in one online form.

Previously, foreign professionals had to make at least three trips to government departments – for foreign experts affairs, human resources and public security – to obtain a work visa.

A professional team will also assist family members with the relevant procedures. Under the initiative, applications can receive approval in five days, said Xiao Lin, a director in charge of administrative approval systems in the Pudong New Area.

“This is achieved by cutting the number of approval phases by 70 per cent, shortening the examination time by 60 per cent, and halving the types of materials,” Xiao said.

Ulrich Jablonka, a manager at the Shangri-La Group, was among the first group of foreign professionals to benefit from the streamlined policies. He said he was most impressed by the “efficiency and enthusiasm” of the government officials.

Wang Fanglei, a human resources director at Shanghai Suoguang Visual Products Co, also touted the convenience of the new system when she helped a Japanese foreign expert apply for credentials.

“Information such as birth date and nationality are automatically recorded when the scanned version of a passport is uploaded. The system can also adjust the photos to fit corresponding requirements in size and precision, saving time and improving accuracy,” she said.

To better serve foreign talent, a number of domestic and international human resources industry leaders have also set up offices in the talent hub, including Manpower, Shanghai Foreign Service Group, CDP Group and Liepin.com.

Shanghai has spared no efforts in simplifying procedures to make itself a magnet for top-notch global talent. For instance, top-talent confirmation letters issued by local administrators can make it easier for foreigners to get an R visa, which is issued to high-level personnel and top professionals.

Since last year, holders of this visa are permitted to stay in China for 180 days at a time and make multiple entries for up to 10 years. The previous limit was five years.

Efforts are also made to serve foreign professionals across East China’s Yangtze River Delta Region. A regulation stipulates that foreigners employed by entities in the region but who are based in Shanghai’s Hongqiao Central Business District are eligible to apply for and renew work visas in the zone.

Korea raises renewable energy target to 35 per cent of total by 2040

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368144

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Korea raises renewable energy target to 35 per cent of total by 2040

ASEAN+ April 23, 2019 01:00

By THE KOREA HERALD
ASIA NEWS NETWORK
SEOUL

SOUTH KOREA is planning to increase the proportion of energy generated from renewable sources to as much as 35- per-cent of the total by 2040 in response to growing environmental concerns, the government last Friday.

The Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy announced key points in the nation’s third energy master plan, to be implemented from 2019 to 2040. The master plan is the nation’s top-level power plan, established every five years to set forth a vision for its energy policies and strategies for their implementation.

In the third plan, the government mentions a new goal to increase the proportion of energy generated from renewable sources to 30-35 per cent by 2040, relative to all energy generated. The current proportion is 7 to 8 per cent.

The new target is still less than the global average of 40 per cent estimated by the International Energy Agency, but it is still an aggressive figure for the nation, which is struggling to achieve its previously stated goal of 20 per cent by 2030.

The government had narrowed down the target range since November, when it heard recommendations from a working group that comprises private-sector professionals. The panel had suggested a target range of 25 to 40 per cent.

“This energy shift goal is set given the level of technology development, resident acceptability and possibilities of environmental changes in the future,” said a ministry spokesperson.

The ministry will submit the plan to the National Assembly after seeking out opinions through public hearings on Friday.

It will then finalise the energy plan after deliberations by the energy council, the presidential committee on green growth and the Cabinet council.

Quick News

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368145

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Quick News

ASEAN+ April 23, 2019 01:00

By Asia News Network

Pertamina launches software to measure oil, gas flow

Indonesia’s state-owned oil and gas holding company, Pertamina, has launched software called PertafloSIM, which is designed to measure the flow of oil and gas through its pipelines from wells to the point of sale.

The software is an innovation by Pertamina’s engineers and technicians in cooperation with Research Consortium OPPINET of Indonesia’s Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB).

Pertamina planning, investment and risk management director Heru Setiawan said the device would improve efficiency in the upstream business because the price of the software was below that of the commercial software previously rented by Pertamina.

“Currently, Pertamina is developing pipeline networks across a wide range of oil and gas blocks. The software will significantly support efficiency in the upstream sector,” Heru said, in a recent statement.

He said the performance of the software had been validated with data from the field, and added that the software offered solutions to various problems during operations.

“The software has had a trial application at Tambun field, which has a complex network – dry gas, black oil and multiphase compositional models,” Heru said, adding that Pertamina and the ITB had cooperated for the past 18 years to develop a device to measure the flow of oil and gas along the pipeline.

PertafloSIM has also been demonstrated to the regulatory special task force on upstream oil and gas (SKK Migas) and to the upstream director of Pertamina, the potential users of the software, Heru said. – The Jakarta Post

Hyundai replaces car key with smartphone

At the New York International Auto Show this week, Hyundai debuted the third-generation 2020 Sonata equipped with a company first: The Digital Key.

Though the Sonata has been around since the 1980s, the latest 2020 iteration comes with technology never before seen in any Hyundai model: a Digital Key feature.

This tool uses Near Field Communication tech to turn a smartphone into a key via a dedicated mobile application – there’s no need to carry around a traditional set.

Through the app, vehicle owners can select which smartphones have access to the car and for how long. Those that do can only control the Sonata when their phone is within a couple centimetres of the vehicle; However, the app can remotely manage (via Bluetooth) some car systems, like activating the panic alarm or starting the engine.

The access various users have to the vehicle can be individually tailored by the car owner. Vehicle usage can be limited as well as access to particular features. Additionally, the key can be remotely revoked at any time.

The Digital Key is only available to Android-powered devices; therefore, it comes with a set of traditional keys.

The 2020 Sonata goes into production this September and will hit dealerships in October. – AFP

Hanoi helps bring farmers into 21st century

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368147

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Hanoi helps bring farmers into 21st century

ASEAN+ April 23, 2019 01:00

By VIET NAM NEWS
ASIA NEWS NETWORK
HANOI

NGUYEN DUC DAN, chairman of the Ba Trai Commune People’s Committee, cannot hide his happiness as he discusses his community’s strides in tea production.

Dan said tea production has been rising, boosting the incomes of local farmers and making the commune the most important tea planting |area in Hanoi’s Ba Vi district with |a total cultivated area of 560 hectares.

In 2014, the commune received technical help from the Hanoi Department of Agriculture and Rural Development to plant tea that meets the Vietnamese Good Agriculture Practice (VietGAP) standards, which ensure a high level of standardised quality through the use of modern farming techniques. Local farmers were taught methods to update their ineffective old farming techniques.

For example, farmers like Dan who elected to apply VietGap standards were trained to a use new, more efficient watering system and to harvest using machines instead of manually.

Since then, tea production has gradually risen.

On average, each hectare of tea in the commune brings in about 220 million dong (Bt298,920) of profits per year, as much as twice the profit generated by conventional farming techniques.

Biotechnology

The director of the municipal Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Chu Phu My, said Hanoi has targeted increasing the amount of agricultural production that uses hi-tech practices from 25 per cent of all agricultural areas last year to 35 per cent by the end of this year.

Hanoi has applied biotechnology, new cultivation and preservation methods and automation to its agricultural production, according to the department.

My said it would also urge localities to complete programmes to set up new-style rural areas.

In addition to its hi-tech push, the municipal agricultural sector has also allowed farmers to import livestock from other countries to raise productivity.

Farmers have imported chickens from the Czech Republic, pigs from Thailand and Canada and cows from Belgium.

The animals are cross-bred with domestic livestock to create more productive offspring.

For instance, the cattle bred from domestic cows and imported Belgian cows grow larger than most Vietnamese cows, producing more beef.

The director of the Hanoi Centre for Agricultural Development, Hoang Thi Hoa, said the application of hi-tech farming practices not only served Hanoi’s demand for food, but also helped turn the capital city into the country’s biggest supplier of quality breeding stock.

Each year, Hanoi supplies more than 50 million domestic fowls, 200,000 pigs and 30,000 cows to different provinces and cities.

Obstacles

Despite this progress, the capital city still faces several obstacles to applying hi-tech agricultural practices. The use of modern technologies remains low.

Just 924.5ha of fruit trees are cultivated using hi-tech farming practices, making up 6.2 per cent of the total fruit area of the city.

Just 306.5ha of tea cultivation areas have taken the step, making up 10.2 per cent of the total area in the city.

Change remained slow because farmers lack investment and have been unable to co-ordinate closely with businesses.

Agricultural experts said more investments are needed in agricultural production and processing.

Director Chu Phu My said that to ease difficulties, the department has proposed that municipal authorities issue policies to urge agricultural production, and set up hi-tech agricultural zones.

Thailand to sign rail pact with Laos, China

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368163

Cambodia's Prime Minister Hun Sen (L) waves beside Thailand's Prime Minister Prayut Chan-O-Cha as they ride a train during a ceremony to connect the railway line between Cambodia and Thailand in Banteay Meanchey province on April 22, 2019. // AFP
Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen (L) waves beside Thailand’s Prime Minister Prayut Chan-O-Cha as they ride a train during a ceremony to connect the railway line between Cambodia and Thailand in Banteay Meanchey province on April 22, 2019. // AFP

Thailand to sign rail pact with Laos, China

national April 23, 2019 01:00

By The Nation

2,612 Viewed

THAILAND will sign a memorandum of cooperation with China and Laos for a rail link aimed at fulfilling a regional connectivity ambition, when Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-Cha visits Beijing this week for the second Belt and Road Forum, the Foreign Ministry said yesterday.

Transport Minister Arkhom Termpittayapaisith will sign the pact with his Laotian counterpart Bounchanh Sinthavong and China’s vice chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission Hu Zucai on Thursday on the sideline of the forum.

The memorandum will detail the framework for the three countries in relation to the railway network from southern China via Laos to Thailand.

The pact will also cover the construction of a new bridge across the Mekong River linking the Laotian capital with Nong Khai province, Vilawan Mangklatanakul, director of the Foreign Ministry’s International Economic Affairs Department, said.

China has invested in and is helping Laos build a 400-kilometre railway track from the China-Laos border to Vientiane. The construction is halfway through, while Thailand’s 3.5km high-speed railway is also making good progress.

Prayut, attending the second Belt and Road Forum from April 25 to 27 in his capacity as Asean chair, will update the forum on the Asean connectivity master plan, Vilawan said.

The junta’s brainchild – the Eastern Economic Corridor – will also be promoted at the forum to lure investors, notably from China, she said, adding that the plan is to transform the Kingdom into a regional supply-chain hub.

China’s President Xi Jinping launched the Belt and Road Initiative in 2013 to link his country with other countries via many infrastructure development projects.

So far, 124 countries and 29 international organisations have signed cooperation pacts on the initiative with China.

The first summit on the initiative was held in 2017, while the second forum this week is expected to conclude with a joint communique to forge cooperation among regional countries.

Prayut is to meet with Chinese President Xi and his counterpart, Premier Li Keqiang, to update them about Thailand’s role as Asean chair and other bilateral issues, Vilawan said.

Connectivity has emerged as the key element of regional development, and Prayut yesterday joined Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen to inaugurate a new railway link on between the two countries at the border towns of Aranyaprathet and Poipet.

The two premiers also witnessed a signing ceremony at a Thai border post before riding together to the Cambodian town of Poipet on a train donated by Thailand.

Hun Sen described their journey as “historic” and thanked Thailand for its efforts “to reconnect  Cambodia and Thailand”.

The rail link will also serve as a connection between Laos and is Southeast Asian neighbours, Hun Sen said.

Bilateral trade between Thailand and Cambodia currently stands at $6 billion (Bt190 billion).

Clark International Airport shut down after quake

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368142

File photo : Philippine Daily Inquirer/ANN
File photo : Philippine Daily Inquirer/ANN

Clark International Airport shut down after quake

Breaking News April 22, 2019 18:36

By Philippine Daily Inquirer
Asia News Network

2,213 Viewed

CITY OF SAN FERNANDO — All flights in Clark International Airport were canceled following a magnitude 6.1 tremor that jolted parts of Luzon on Monday afternoon.

According to Jim Melo, president of Clark International Airport Corp., the airport will be closed for 24 hours to assess the extent of its damage and ensure that everything would be safe.

Due to the quake, a portion of a mega dike in Pampanga was damaged.

In its initial earthquake bulletin, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) said the earthquake struck 2 kilometers northeast of this town at 5.11 p.m.

The earthquake was of tectonic origin, with a depth of 21 km.

READ: Magnitude 6.1 earthquake shakes parts of Luzon

The 57-kilometer long mega dike extends at the boundary of this city and the towns of Bacolor, Porac and Santa Rita. It is considered Pampanga’s last defense against lahar in the event of a volcanic eruption

The Santa Catalina Church in Porac town was “ significantly damaged,” according to a post by the archdiocesan committee on church heritage.

The tremor was also felt in Baguio City, Pampanga, Bataan, Nueva Ecija, and Bulacan.

Also in Pampanga, patients in a private hospital were evacuated and the electricity in San Fernando was cut off as a preemptive measure.

The crucifix on the belfry of St. Augustine Church in Lubao town, said to be Pampanga oldest church built by Augustinians, was slightly damaged.

In Bataan, power outages hit Balanga City, Mariveles, Orani and Morong towns.

The Bataan Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office has coordinated with various government agencies to respond to a fire that hit Bataan Refinery Center in Limay town.

The concrete arch that separates Bataan and Pampanga provinces had a gaping crack and was deformed due to the quake.

People were also seen rushing outside the malls in Pampanga and Olongapo City.

The glass door of a fast-food restaurant at SM Pampanga and a portion of a floor in SM Olongapo were damaged due to the quake.

In Bulacan, villagers were also seen rushing outside their houses. In Isabela, local officials said the tremor was felt in Santiago City.

Joey Apolinario, Cagayan education program supervisor, said they were having a seminar at a hotel in Zambales when the quake struck, forcing them to take the stairs and run outside of the building.

Five dead as buildings collapse in Philippine quake: official

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368140

  • A handout intensity map made available by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) shows the location of a 6.3 magnitude earthquake that struck at a depth of 40.2 kilometers, near Gutad, Philippines on April 22.//EPA-EFE
  • Employees are seen at an open area in Manila, after an earthquake rocked the Philippines on April 22, 2019. – A powerful earthquake rocked the Philippines, sending thousands of people fleeing high-rises in Manila as buildings shook.//AFP
  • People gather outside a shopping mall after a powerful earthquake rocked Manila on April 22.//AFP
  • People gather outside a shopping mall after a powerful earthquake rocked Manila on April 22.//AFP

Five dead as buildings collapse in Philippine quake: official

Breaking News April 22, 2019 18:16

By AFP

Manila – Five people were killed when at least two buildings collapsed as a strong earthquake rocked the northern Philippines, a local official said.

Three bodies have been pulled out of a collapsed building in the town of Porac, while an old woman and her grandchild were crushed to death by another building in the town of Lubao, provincial governor Lilia Pineda told ABS-CBN television.

“The quake has caused a blackout,” she said, hampering rescue efforts in the early evening as night closed in.

A powerful earthquake rocked the Philippines on Monday, sending thousands of people fleeing high-rises in Manila as buildings shook.

    Office workers piled out onto the streets as emergency alarms blared, AFP reporters saw, but there were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.

Feliza Villanueva, 21, a business process outsourcing employee told AFP she and four colleagues were at work when the quake struck.

“This was the second strongest quake I’ve felt in my entire life,” she told AFP as she joined hundreds of others in the courtyard of an office building, waiting for the all clear.

“We were worried but we did not panic,” she said.

“We planned how to evacuate the building. There were too many people going down the stairs, so we waited for our turn. People looked in shock, but no one was shouting or anything like that,” she said.

The quake was centred on the town of Castillejos, about 100 kilometres (62 miles) northwest of Manila, local geologists said.

Scientists from the US Geological Survey logged its magnitude at 6.3, and said its epicentre was 40 kilometres (25 miles) below the Earth’s surface.

Dani Justo, a martial arts instructor, told AFP she was at her Manila home when the quake struck.

“The clothes hanging on our line were really swaying. My shih tzu (dog) dropped flat on the ground,” she added.

The Philippines is part of the Pacific “Ring of Fire”, an arc of intense seismic activity that stretches from quake-prone Japan through Southeast Asia and across the Pacific basin.

5.7 earthquake strikes parts of Luzon

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368132

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5.7 earthquake strikes parts of Luzon

ASEAN+ April 22, 2019 16:41

By Philipine Daily Inquirer
Asia News Network

CASTILLEJOS, ZAMBALES — A magnitude 5.7 tremor jolted parts of Luzon on Monday afternoon.

5.7 earthquake strikes parts of LuzonIn its initial earthquake bulletin, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) said the earthquake struck 2 kilometers northeast of this town at 5:11 p.m.

The earthquake was of tectonic origin had a depth of 21 kilometers. Intensity 5 was felt in San Felipe, Zambales and in Quezon City. The tremor was also felt in Baguio City, Pampanga, and Bataan.

Cambodia and Thailand reconnected by rail after 45 years

Published April 23, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/asean-plus/30368126

 Cambodia and Thailand reconnected by rail after 45 years

national April 22, 2019 16:00

By Story : AFP
Photo : The Nation

4,120 Viewed

Poipet, Cambodia – A railway reconnecting Cambodia and Thailand was officially inaugurated on Monday in a bid to slash travel times and boost trade between the southeast Asian neighbours.

Cambodian premier Hun Sen and his Thai counterpart Prayut Chan-O-Cha witnessed a signing ceremony at a Thai border post before riding together to the Cambodian town of Poipet on a train donated by Thailand.

The pair — with Prayut dressed in a bright yellow shirt — stepped from the carriage in Poipet with their clasped hands held high to the cheers of waiting crowds, waving flags of both countries.

Hun Sen described their journey as “historic” and thanked Thailand for its efforts “to reconnect the railway between Cambodia and Thailand”.

The railway would also better link his country to other southeast Asian neighbours and boost economy and trade, he added.

Bilateral trade between Thailand and Cambodia currently stands at $6 billion.

Cambodia last year re-opened the final stretch of a 370-kilometre (230-mile) railway running from the capital, Phnom Penh, to the Thai border.

The Asian Development Bank bankrolled the reconstruction of the link to the tune of $13 million.

Much of Cambodia’s railways — built by the French in colonial times — were damaged by the years of bitter conflict that engulfed the country during the Cold War era.

The 48-kilometre (30-mile) section of track near Poipet was destroyed in 1973 while the rest of the track to Phnom Penh had been suspended for over a decade due to its poor condition.

The Southeast Asian country has more than 600 kilometres (375 miles) of track extending from its northern border with Thailand to the southern coast.

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