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Wuhan virus: Singapore confirms 5th case; patient from Wuhan stayed at her family’s home in Ceylon Road #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 28, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


Wuhan virus: Singapore confirms 5th case; patient from Wuhan stayed at her family’s home in Ceylon Road

Jan 28. 2020
The 56-year-old woman from Wuhan, who arrived in Singapore with her family on Jan 18, is currently warded in an isolation room at the National Centre for Infectious Diseases and her condition is stable.PHOTO: LIANHE ZAOBAO

The 56-year-old woman from Wuhan, who arrived in Singapore with her family on Jan 18, is currently warded in an isolation room at the National Centre for Infectious Diseases and her condition is stable.PHOTO: LIANHE ZAOBAO
By The Straits Times /ANN

SINGAPORE – The Ministry of Health (MOH) has confirmed a fifth case of Wuhan coronavirus infection in Singapore.

The patient is a 56-year-old female Chinese national from Wuhan who arrived in Singapore with her family on Jan 18.

The case was confirmed at 2pm on Monday (Jan 27), said MOH.

The patient was asymptomatic during the flight to Singapore.

She subsequently developed symptoms on Friday and was conveyed by ambulance to Tan Tock Seng Hospital on Sunday. She was classified as a suspect case and immediately isolated at the National Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCID).

Subsequent test results confirmed Wuhan virus infection on Monday, said MOH. She has no known links to the other confirmed imported cases.

Before being admitted to hospital, the patient stayed with her family at their home in Ceylon Road.

Since the onset of symptoms on Friday, she had remained in her home until she was brought to the hospital on Sunday, MOH said.

She is currently warded in an isolation room at the NCID and her condition is stable.

MOH said it has started epidemiological investigations and contact tracing to identify individuals who had close contact with the patient.

In its statement, the MOH also provided updates on other suspected cases.

It said that as of 2pm on Monday, 62 of the patients previously classified as suspected cases have tested negative for the coronavirus and five tested positive.

Test results for the remaining 57 suspected cases are still pending.

The MOH said contact tracing for the confirmed cases is still ongoing, adding that it has identified 115 close contacts from the first four confirmed cases.

Of the 86 contacts who are still in Singapore, 75 have been contacted and are being quarantined or isolated, the ministry said, adding that efforts are ongoing to contact the remaining 11.

“Once identified, MOH will closely monitor all close contacts. As a precautionary measure, they will be quarantined for 14 days from their last exposure to the patient.

“In addition, all other identified contacts who have a low risk of being infected will be under active surveillance, and will be contacted daily to monitor their health status.”

The ministry also advised the public to defer all travel to Hubei Province and all non-essential travel to mainland China.

It also said all travellers should monitor their health closely for two weeks upon return to Singapore and seek medical attention promptly if they feel unwell. They should also inform their doctors of their travel history.

If they have a fever or respiratory symptoms such as cough or shortness of breath, they should wear a mask and call the clinic ahead of the visit, the ministry said.

The MOH also advised the public to avoid contact with live animals, including poultry and birds, and consumption of raw and undercooked meats.

Research raises some concerns about hair dye #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 27, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


Research raises some concerns about hair dye

Jan 27. 2020
By Special To The Washington Post · Ronnie Cohen · HEALTH

When Keanu Reeves walked into a Los Angeles gala holding hands with artist Alexandra Grant, fans applauded the 55-year-old actor for choosing an “age appropriate” romantic partner. Most striking about Grant, 46, was her steel-gray hair.

Why wasn’t she coloring it? In an Instagram post, she explained: In her 20s, she began graying, and she covered it with various shades of dye until she could no longer tolerate the chemicals.

Grant is among a growing throng of women who are naturally fading to gray. More than 350,000 women have posted Instagram photos using the #grannyhair hashtag. Between 2017 and 2018, Pinterest saw a significant jump in the search term “going gray.”

“With influential people like Billie Eilish dyeing their hair gray, people of all ages are incorporating the look, and many who are naturally gray are no longer trying to cover it up,” Swasti Sarna, Pinterest’s insights manager, told The Washington Post.

Gray’s the new blonde, or black, style writers began declaring five years ago. Last year, L’Oreal Paris and Vogue crowned silver the hair color of the year. In addition to teenage musician Eilish, celebrities from Lady Gaga to Jennifer Lawrence have walked the red carpet in silver dos.

Ironically, while young women spend as much as $1,000 to bleach and color their hair titanium, blue steel, smoky gray and gunmetal, older women continue to feel compelled to cover up their silvers.

At the same time, longtime slaves to hair color are ditching the dye.

In Facebook groups called Gray and Proud, Going Gorgeously Gray and Silver Revolution, tens of thousands of women share photos and tips on how to quit color and avoid looking like a raccoon. They ask if revealing their true color would mean losing their sex appeal, their credibility at work, their clients, their jobs?

New research adds another question. Is there a risk of harm from the chemicals?

A study published last month in the International Journal of Cancer reported that African American women who colored their hair with permanent dye every five to eight weeks were 60 percent more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than women who didn’t color. No cause and effect was established, and all of the women in the study had a family history of breast cancer.

For white women, the numbers were less striking but still elevated. Those who dyed their hair every five to eight weeks were 8 percent more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer, researchers found.

Researchers and breast cancer specialists were circumspect about the findings.

“I have to say I’m not overwhelmingly convinced. This isn’t a slam dunk by any means,” said Laura Esserman, a breast surgeon who directs the Carol Franc Buck Breast Care Center at the University of California at San Francisco. She was not involved with the study. “It’s worth looking into. But this is a very small effect.”

Researchers followed 46,709 women between the ages of 35 and 74 over an average of eight years. All participants had at least one sister who had been diagnosed with breast cancer but none had been diagnosed themselves when they enrolled in the study. The majority, 55 percent, reported using permanent hair dye.

During the course of the study, 2,794 African American and white women were diagnosed with breast cancer. Black women who colored their hair with permanent dye at any point in the year before joining the study were 45 percent more likely to be diagnosed, while white women were 7 percent more likely.

To put the numbers in context, study co-author Alexandra White estimated the heightened risk as five additional cases of breast cancer for every 100 black women and one additional case of breast cancer for every 100 white women.

Breast cancer rates generally are similar for black and white women. But black women tend to be diagnosed with more aggressive forms of the disease, and it is more likely to kill them.

White, an epidemiologist who heads the National Institutes of Environmental Health and Cancer Epidemiology Group, described the new findings as “concerning” but far from definitive.

“We wouldn’t make any recommendations off these findings,” she said. “We need more evidence.”

“It’s not as clear as smoking and lung cancer,” said Doris Browne, a medical oncologist and a former president of the National Medical Association. Two of her six sisters had breast cancer, and she participated as a subject in the study.

She sees the results as a warning. “But I can’t say if you dye your hair and are African American, you are going to get breast cancer. It heightens our awareness, but we still need more data before we can say to women that it may increase breast cancer risk,” she said.

“Hair dye is just all chemicals,” said Stephanie Bernik, chief of breast surgery at Mount Sinai West in New York. “You’ve got to think something’s not good for you. We know some of these chemicals are carcinogenic.”

Yet Bernik, who was not involved with the study, and Esserman both said the findings had not persuaded them to counsel their patients on hair-dye use unless they asked.

Other recent studies also have reported increased risk for breast cancer, as well as bladder cancer, in women who dyed their hair. Although the American Cancer Society says the research is not definitive, it also points out that the U.S. National Toxicology Program has classified some chemicals used in hair dye as “reasonably anticipated to be human carcinogens.”

Some doctors advise women not to color their hair while pregnant, or at least not during the critical first trimester, according to the American Cancer Society.

White and her team found little to no increase in breast cancer risk in women who colored their hair with anything except permanent dye. But women who reported applying semi-permanent color to their friends’ or relatives’ hair at home experienced an elevated risk of breast cancer.

Permanent dye causes lasting changes to the hair shaft and stays in the hair until it grows out. Temporary dye washes out after a shampoo or two, while semi-permanent tends to hold for up to 10 shampoos.

Researchers did not ask women whether they had their hair dyed in a salon or at home. They only asked if participants dyed other people’s hair nonprofessionally. So the question remains whether black women could be more vulnerable because they are more likely than white women to color their hair at home.

Bernik suggested that women concerned about hair dye and breast cancer risk have a professional stylist color their hair with semi-permanent dye.

“If it’s done at home, you’re wearing gloves that are probably not necessarily the greatest,” she said. “The person who’s doing it nonprofessionally is getting it all over. It’s all about exposure and absorption.”

Even professionals struggle to follow manufacturer guidelines while handling dye, said Whitney Murphy, a hairstylist who advises other stylists about chemical safety and owns the Parlor Seattle.

“No one’s really taking the chemical safety part seriously,” Murphy said. She blames the chemicals in hair products for her own breathing problems, migraines and rashes and believes stylists need higher quality protective gear than what they use.

“Beauty professionals are overexposed and underprotected from harsh chemicals,” said Janette Robinson Flint, executive director of Black Women for Wellness, a Los Angeles nonprofit group.

Congress has charged the Food and Drug Administration with regulating the safety of cosmetics, including hair dye. But the FDA does not approve every ingredient and generally leaves the responsibility for product safety to manufacturers. Companies are allowed to omit chemicals from product labels if they are fragrances and if they consider them a secret ingredient in the product formula.

“Just because something is on the shelf does not make it safe,” warned Tamarra James-Todd, an epidemiologist and professor at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston.

“Chemicals are not like people, but that’s the way they’re treated,” said Jayne Matthews, co-owner of Edo Salon in Oakland, California. “They’re innocent until proven guilty.”

James-Todd, who was not involved in the study, researches the effect of hair products on black women’s health. She says that research should be done into products African American women may use daily, such as shampoos, conditioners, oils and styling products.

“We have to think about the full pattern of exposure people have,” she said.

The lack of clarity leaves some women in a quandary. Ingrid DeMoss, an African American relocation director for a luxury real estate company outside of Dallas, covers her grays with dye every six weeks.

“That is a must,” said DeMoss, who declined to state her age. “I work with relocating people in a high-end luxury brand. I have to have a corporate or professional look.”

Her mother, who is 72 and plans to go to her grave with her gray covered, has been treated for breast cancer. Consequently, DeMoss said the new study cranked up her own anxiety.

“I definitely have been thinking about it because I would rather be healthy and live than look great and die,” she said.

On the other hand, she can’t imagine walking into her office with gray hair, even though she knows attitudes are changing. Her older sister, Traci DeMoss Byerly, has scored modeling gigs with her mostly salt with a little pepper Afro and wrote a book titled “Unapologetically Gray.”

Her hair started turning when she was 18, said Byerly, who is 52 and lives in Fort Worth. “People said, ‘You really should dye your hair; you’re too young for that.’ Guys would say, ‘You’re so beautiful, but you should do something about your hair.’ ”

Then one day she looked in the mirror and said to herself: “This is me. If a man cannot appreciate me in my natural state now, he never will.”

“I began to picture my gray hair as my tiara,” she said.

Regina Berenato Tell, 52, found her first gray hair at 19 and zealously covered it from 25 through 50. Then, rather than break a date with her hairdresser, she missed her best friend’s birthday party. That is when she realized she could no longer stand the thought of being stuck in a salon chair every three weeks.

Tell, who works as a stenographer on Capitol Hill, said letting the dye grow out hasn’t led to the ageism some professional middle-aged women fear.

“As a matter of fact,” she said, “I think people take me more seriously now.”

Always focus on keeping your relationship intact with your elderly parents #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 27, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


Always focus on keeping your relationship intact with your elderly parents

Jan 27. 2020
Denise Brown (center) with her siblings and parents, Sally and Roger Loeffler. MUST CREDIT: Denise Brown

Denise Brown (center) with her siblings and parents, Sally and Roger Loeffler. MUST CREDIT: Denise Brown
By Special To The Washington Post · Judith Graham · HEALTH 

David Solie’s 89-year-old mother, Carol, was unyielding. “No, I will not move,” she told her son every time he suggested that she leave her home and relocate to a senior living residence.

And it didn’t stop there. Although Carol suffered from coronary artery disease, severe osteoporosis, spinal compression fractures and unsteady balance, she didn’t want assistance. When Solie brought in aides to help after a bad fall and subsequent surgery, his mother soon fired them.

Denise Brown (center) with her siblings and parents, Sally and Roger Loeffler. MUST CREDIT: Denise Brown

Denise Brown (center) with her siblings and parents, Sally and Roger Loeffler. MUST CREDIT: Denise Brown

“In her mind, she considered it a disgrace to have anybody in her home,” Solie said. “This was her domain for over 50 years, a place where she did everything by herself and in her own way.”

Conflicts of this sort often threaten relationships between aging parents and their adult children just when understanding and support are needed the most. Instead of working together to solve problems, families find themselves feuding and riven by feelings of resentment and distress.

Solie got so worked up, he considered going to court and asking for a conservatorship – a legal arrangement that would have given him control over his mother’s affairs. (The situation was complicated because Solie’s brother, who has Down syndrome, lived at the family home.) But Solie’s lawyer advised that this course of action would destroy his relationship with his mother.

Today, Solie, a health-care consultant and writer with a well-regarded blog about aging, sounds the same theme when he consults with adult children caring for parents. Make preserving trust and keeping your relationship intact – not winning arguments – a priority, he says. What your parents most need is confidence that you’ll listen to them, take their concerns seriously and stay by their side no matter what happens, he says.

How adult children communicate with parents can go a long way toward easing tensions, Solie says. Instead of telling your parent what to do, ask how they would prefer to solve problems. Elicit their priorities and recognize their values when making suggestions. Give them choices whenever possible. Be attuned to their unexpressed needs and fears.

When Lee Lindquist, chief of geriatrics at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, asked 68 older adults in eight focus groups why they resisted help, the answers varied. They said they were afraid of losing their independence, becoming a burden on loved ones, being taken advantage of and relinquishing control over their lives.

Asked what might make a difference, the older adults said they liked the idea of “interdependence” – acknowledging that people need one another from childhood to older age. And they found it helpful to think that “by accepting help, they were in turn helping the person providing the help,” according to Lindquist’s study, published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society in August 2018.

Unfortunately, no amount of patience, compassion or forbearance will work in some conflict-ridden circumstances. But here are some of the lessons experts learned:

Be patient. Give your parents time to adjust. At first, Jane Wolf Frances’ 87-year-old mother, Lillian Wolf, wouldn’t consider moving with Jane’s father from New York to the Los Angeles area, where Frances, her only child, lived.

Although Lillian had Alzheimer’s disease and Frances had planned to give her one-story house to her parents, “I deferred to my mother’s fear that she was going to be losing something essential,” she said.

During three years of caregiving, Frances had learned to not rush her parents. She knew they had slowed down and needed time to process change.

So Frances waited until her parent’s home health aide called with concerns about their ability to live independently. After discussing the situation with their physician, Frances approached her mother again. A move to assisted living would be a fresh start, allowing the family to spend more time together, she said. After several conversations, her mother finally agreed.

Frances, a psychologist, is the author of a new book, “Parenting Our Parents: Transforming the Challenge Into a Journey of Love,” and founder of ParentingOurParents.org.

Stay calm when disagreements arise with your elderly parents and tamp down your emotional reactions, she tells families. Listen carefully to your parents’ concerns and let them know you’re trying to help them accomplish their goals, not impose your agenda.

“It’s often helpful to say to your parents: ‘I’m doing this for you. I’d like you to do something for me,’ ” Frances said. “People who are good parents perk up on that one and will ask, ‘OK, what can I do for you?’ Then, you can tell them, ‘You can let me help you more.’ ”

Let them know you’re on their side. Denise Brown was convinced her parents, Roger and Sally Loeffler, were making a terrible decision.

In the previous year, Roger, 84, had been diagnosed with bladder and prostate cancer and undergone extensive surgery. Sally, 81, had suffered three internal bleeds and had one-third of her stomach removed.

Brown didn’t think they could live on their own anymore, and her parents had moved into a retirement community upon her recommendation. But then, at a family meeting, her mother stood up and said: “I’m not dying in this dump. I hate it here.” As Brown and her siblings turned to their father, he said, “I’ll do whatever your mom wants.”

When her parents decided to move to an apartment, Brown was confrontational. “I raised my voice and said, ‘This is not good, this is terrible,’ ” she said. “They were shocked, but they said, ‘It doesn’t matter; this is what we’re going to do.’ ”

As Brown thought about her reaction, she realized she thought her parents would be safer and have a more “gentle” death in the retirement community: “Then it occurred to me – this wasn’t what my parents wanted. They valued their independence. It’s their decision about how the end of life plays out.”

Brown let her parents know she would respect their wishes but would need to set limits. Her work – Brown is the founder of CareGiving.com – had to be a priority, and her parents would need to arrange other assistance if she couldn’t be available. (Brown’s two brothers and sister help out.) And they’d have to be willing to talk openly about how their choices were affecting her.

What doesn’t work: trying to communicate when any one of them is tired or angry. “We never get anywhere,” Brown said. “Everybody gets defensive and shuts down.”

What does work: “Asking them questions like how do you think we should try to solve this problem? It’s interesting to hear their answers, and it makes working together so much easier.”

Stop expecting your parents to be as they used to be. After her father’s death, Loi Eberle was distraught when her mother, Lucille Miller, became involved with a man she and her siblings didn’t like. With his encouragement, Miller invested in real estate and lost a great deal of money.

But nothing Eberle or her siblings said could convince her mother that this relationship was destructive.

Eberle struggled with resentment and anger as her mother’s needs escalated after a heart attack and a diagnosis of myasthenia gravis, a severe neurological disease.

“Mom and I had this love/hate relationship all my life, and there was a huge need for healing in this relationship,” she said.

In 2012, Eberle moved Miller, then 89, from her longtime home in Minneapolis to a nursing home in northern Idaho, near where Eberle lives. Gradually, she realized that her mother “had transitioned to being someone else” – someone who was vulnerable and at her life’s end.

“I think for a long time I had this idea that I was going to help Mom come back to who she was, and I spent a lot of time trying to do that,” Eberle said. “I finally had to forgive myself for failure and understand that this is the life process.”

With this shift in perspective, emotional tension dissipated.

“When I’d visit, my mother was always so happy to see me,” Eberle said. Miller died in March 2017 at 94.

Letting go of unrealistic expectations can defuse conflicts.

This is the final stage of your journey with your parents. Try to put angst to one side and help make this time meaningful for them and for you. Most of all, your parents want to feel emotionally connected and accepted, even in a diminished state.

Scientists are unraveling the Chinese coronavirus with unprecedented speed and openness #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 26, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


Scientists are unraveling the Chinese coronavirus with unprecedented speed and openness

Jan 26. 2020
File Photo  of Wuhan market /Credit : China Daily/ANN

File Photo of Wuhan market /Credit : China Daily/ANN
By The Washington Post · Carolyn Y. Johnson

Just 10 days after a pneumonia-like illness was first reported among people who attended a seafood market in Wuhan, China, scientists released the genetic sequence of the coronavirus that sickened them.

That precious bit of data, freely available to any researcher who wanted to study it, unleashed a massive collaborative effort to understand the mysterious new pathogen that has been rapidly spreading in China and beyond.

The genome was posted on a Friday night on an open-access repository for genetic information. By Saturday morning, Andrew Mesecar, a professor in cancer structural biology at Purdue University, had redirected his laboratory to start analyzing the DNA sequence, which bore a striking resemblance to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the 2002 viral outbreak that sickened more than 8,000 people and killed nearly 800. Scientists at the federal Rocky Mountain Laboratories in Montana asked a company to turn the information from a string of letters on a computer screen into actual DNA they could study in lab dishes.

At unprecedented speed, scientists are starting experiments, sharing data and revealing the secrets of the pathogen – a race that is made possible by new scientific tools and cultural norms in the face of a public health emergency.

“The pace is unmatched,” said Karla Satchell, a professor of microbiology-immunology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. “This is really new. Lots of people [in science] still try to hide what they’re doing, don’t want to talk about what they’re doing, and everybody out there is like: This is the case where we don’t worry about egos, we don’t worry about who’s first, we just care about solving the problem. The information flow has been really fast.”

Purdue University scientists are preparing to scale up production of experimental drugs that they were initially developing to fight SARS, to see if they show promise against the new coronavirus. Twelve days after the genome was posted, National Institutes of Health scientists published their first analysis, showing that the coronavirus used the same door to get into human cells as SARS. About 12 hours later, a Chinese team of scientists who had isolated the virus from patients showed, using the actual virus, that the team was correct.

Meanwhile, a team at Northwestern recently ordered about a dozen pieces of the viral genome to be synthesized by a company to enable research that will help lead to drugs, vaccines and ways to rapidly diagnose the virus.

Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said in an interview that with the viral genome, researchers have started on developing a vaccine. He is “reasonably confident” that a safety study could begin testing it in people within three months.

“The fact that it’s about three months is really, I think, remarkable, because that would be the fastest that we have ever gotten from the time we got the sequence to the time into a human,” Fauci said. “If we can do that, it would be the fastest on the record.”

He cautioned that doesn’t mean a vaccine would be widely available in three months; larger studies would be required to determine both the safety and effectiveness of a vaccine. But it is still science at light speed; during the SARS outbreak, it took 20 months from getting the virus to genome to the first tests of a vaccine in people.

When SARS began to spread, the tools scientists needed were much less mature, including the basic infrastructure for sharing results rapidly so that anyone could build on them. It wasn’t until 2013 that Biorxiv, a preprint server to share scientific papers, was created so that scientists would have an easy way to widely share results before they had gone through the process of being vetted and accepted by scientific journals – a process that can take many months.

“This is one of the first times we’re getting to see an outbreak of a new virus and have the scientific community sharing their data almost in real time, rather than have to go through classic route of going through the journals,” said Michael Letko, a postdoctoral fellow at NIH’s Rocky Mountain Laboratories.

Andrew Mesecar, a professor in cancer structural biology at Purdue University, said that the difference in the speed of science would have been almost unthinkable when researchers were working on SARS.

“Imagine walking from Chicago to San Francisco, and then imagine taking a plane from Chicago to San Francisco. That’s kind of the difference,” Mesecar said.

His hope is that as the secrets of how the virus works are revealed, it will help calm the spreading panic. He noted that influenza sickens and kills large numbers of people in the United States and globally each year, but doesn’t trigger a worldwide panic because the risks are understood and a vaccine exists.

“When you don’t understand something, you panic. You have fear. When you gain an understanding, you don’t fear something as much – you know how it’s going to operate,” Mesecar said. “By sharing that information faster … both research as well as what’s happening on the ground with individuals, I’m hoping that panic and that fear are going to go down.”

Movenpick woos lovers with Valentine’s special #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 22, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


Movenpick woos lovers with Valentine’s special

Jan 20. 2020

Mövenpick BDMS Wellness Resort, a health-focused retreat in downtown Bangkok, is inviting guests to celebrate “the most romantic month” of February with an exclusive ritual in the “Garden of Love” featuring heart-shaped mementos.

Located in Bangkok’s Sukhumvit district, this low-rise retreat is surrounded by 1.2 acres of private lush tropical gardens, giving it a soothing and secluded ambience.

Throughout February, guests will have the opportunity to stroll together through the “Garden of Love” and sign their names on a heart-shaped sign that the hotel’s carpenters have carved especially for this enchanting occasion.

Once signed, the couple can hang their personal heart on a dedicated “Love Tree”, which has been picked for its exquisite location. Guests can then capture this magical moment with a stunning Instagram shot, set against the backdrop of the resort’s outdoor swimming pool, landscaped gardens and gently rippling cascade. Hotel staff will be on hand to take the photos.

This romantic ritual will be complemented by a series of seductive culinary promotions at Mövenpick BDMS Wellness Resort’s restaurants and bars.

Tamarind, the health-focused all-day dining restaurant, has created a “Lovers’ Seafood Buffet” on Valentine’s Day, featuring indulgent oysters, Alaskan king crab, razor clams, mussels, rock lobster, snails, shrimp and more.

For dessert, sweet moments can be enjoyed with “Chocolate Indulgence”, a sublime selection of homemade chocolate pralines, delectable chocolate desserts and a spectacular chocolate fountain. This blissful buffet is priced at Bt1,500++ per person.

Guests seeking a special Valentine’s Day dinner can order the chef’s signature “Surf n’ Turf”, which includes US grade beef tenderloin, Canadian lobster tails and bisque jus, or “Surf n’ Surf” – Alaskan crab ravioli with pan-grilled scallop and truffle cream.

Every couple dining on the evening of February 14 will be treated to a complimentary heart-shaped raspberry mille-feuille with strawberry sorbet.

Couples who select the tantalising Tasting Menus at Khum Hom, the newly opened Thai restaurant in collaboration with chef Ian Kittichai, will be treated to a complimentary rose cocktail and an edible surprise.

Four-course and five-course menu options are available, priced at Bt1,990++ and Bt2,200++ per person respectively.

Alternatively, Cinnamon Lobby Lounge and Sala Pool Bar are inviting diners to savour a luxurious Chateaubriand Rossini. Priced at Bt1,990++, this platter of Chateaubriand steak, pan-grilled foie-gras, asparagus and port wine reduction is aimed as a treat for lovers to share at any time of day.

Finally Rim Klong Café, the canalside bakery and coffee shop, is celebrating Valentine’s Day with “Pink Week” from February 7-16

During these dates, guests can pick up a choice of delicacies, such as heart-shaped homemade chocolates and Champagne peach cake, red velvet cookies, pink macaroons and raspberry choux, along with a perfectly pink shrimp Marie Rose club sandwich on beetroot toast. Naturally, guests can also savour Mövenpick’s own strawberry ice-cream in wafer cones. Prices range from just Bt30 to Bt180++.

Thonburi Bamrungmuang banks on new healthcare centres for surge in revenue #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 22, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


Thonburi Bamrungmuang banks on new healthcare centres for surge in revenue

Jan 21. 2020
By Jarupong Krisanaraj

Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital today (January 21) launched four new medical centres, aiming to double its revenue within the fiscal year 2020 by targeting both Thai and foreign patients while drawing strengths from disruptive medical technology. The hospital, under the management of Thonburi Healthcare Group (THG), is a six-star healthcare centre in the heart of Bangkok.

Dr Boon Vanasin, Chairman of Thonburi Healthcare Group (THG), said following the official launch of Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital, the hospital had been very well-received by both Thai and foreign customers alike, particularly patients from the Middle East.

“Throughout the year 2019, Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital served more than 30,000 patients, generating more than Bt900 million in revenue, far exceeding the initial target,” he said.

“To keep up the momentum, THG decided to launch four new specialised centres, namely JIN Wellness Clinic, Heart Centre, Gastrointestinal & Liver Centre, and Aesthetics & Plastic Centre, targeting a doubling of its income through the help of advanced disruptive technology and the strength of its experienced medical specialists.”

Highlights of new centres 

Heart Centre

At the Heart Centre of Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital, the hospital provides a comprehensive range of cardiovascular diagnostic services including:

• 3D/4D fetal echocardiography – which is superior in the accuracy of the diagnosis compared to the standard 2D examination.

• Exercise – Dobutamine Stress Echo – a greater cardiovascular examination which has the precision rate of 85 per cent compared to Exercise Stress Test. Also, it doesn’t require injection of Iodinated Contrast Medium (ICM), making the process safer for patients with kidney diseases.

• X-ray Computer – such as CT multiline and Cardiac MRI for patients who experience cardiac arrhythmia, heart palpitations, or in some cases, fainting.

• Ambulatory Electrocardiograms – which includes Holter Monitor – a portable device that measures and records heart’s activity continuously for 24 hours, S-patch, and Event Recorder.

• Cardiovascular Treatments – a variety of procedures including open-heart surgery, coronary angioplasty, EP study (electrophysiology study), radio-frequency ablation, artificial cardiac pacemaker, and automatic implantable defibrillator.

Gastrointestinal & Liver Centre

With gastroesophageal reflux and stomach ulcer being the most common disease among Thais, the Gastrointestinal & Liver Centre provides diagnosis and treatment of digestive system, liver, bile duct, and other related organs, as well as chronic and acute diseases, with help from highly-experienced specialists and state-of-the-art technology.

Services provided at the centre include Gastric Balloon Treatment and individual microbiome test.

Dr Boon said that the centre heavily prioritises its after-treatment follow-up care as most of the patients are from the Middle East.

“This group of patient often travels with their family and has to spend an extended period of time in Thailand. Thus, the hospital establishes a high-calibre Healthcare Services Unit to care for these patients and make them, along with their family members, feel most at home,” he said.

JIN Wellness Clinic 

Believing that good health starts from the inside, JIN Wellness Clinic at Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital is a holistic and anti-ageing centre which brings together natural, alternative, and modern medicine to formulate a personalised preventive programme suitable for each patient.

The centre provides various medical services through disruptive technology such as a personalised check-up programme to detect potential risks and abnormalities in the cell and organ level. The data is shown in a digital file format which allows medical experts to deliver precision diagnosis and analysis to the patient and devise a treatment plan befitting each patient’s lifestyle.

Another intriguing equipment is the External Counterpulsation Therapy (ECP). It elps stimulate blood vessels and promote heart function, which in turn, improves the functions of other organs, including brain, kidney, and eyes.

Additionally, Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital has developed a Wellness Check-up Application which is able to provide basic health check within just a few minutes. The application analyses personal data of the patient and deliver results that can help doctors efficiently conduct the right treatment for their patients.

Aesthetics & Plastic Centre

At the Aesthetics & Plastic Centre, our teams of aesthetic medical experts offer consultations and personalised aesthetics programme designs. Beauty enhancement services provided include laser therapies and treatments, Botox, dermal fillers, and cosmetic surgery, performed by specialised experts and highly-skilled staff.

The centre also houses modern and latest model medical instruments approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of both Thailand and the US to ensure the customers’ safety and satisfaction.

Dr Boon further explained that the launch of these four centres is in response to the ongoing health trend of “Personalised Healthcare” which is also the core of Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital. As a result, the hospital was able to make profit earlier than initially expected; since private hospitals usually take more than three years to become profitable.

“The reason why Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital was able to make profit much faster than expected was because we focused on delivering premium personalised healthcare with advanced medical technology to our patients, whether it be Digital Dental Centre, Thonburi Diabetic Wound Care Centre, IVF Reproductive Centre, or Personalised Wellness Check-Up Centre,” he said.

“With our strengths, we were able to draw a large number of international patients, the largest group of which are from the Middle East who make up nearly 70 per cent of our foreign customers, another 15 per cent are from China, and the rest are from Myanmar, Cambodia, Germany and the US, etc”.

He added that in addition to the premium standard of our healthcare services, another advantage the hospital has is the price range since medical services in Thailand are very affordable compared to other developed nations.

“Another factor is the blooming tourism industry of our country which attracts patients from overseas to come to Thailand to receive medical care while also enjoying a nice vacation,” he added.

“All of these factors not only support the government’s policy of establishing Thailand as an international medical hub, but also play an important role in making Thonburi Bamrungmuang Hospital successful while staying true to its vision as the ‘Lifetime Health Guardian For All’”.

Myths and misconceptions about botox #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 21, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


Myths and misconceptions about botox

Jan 21. 2020
By Thanisorn Thamlikitkul
Special to The Nation

Cosmetic procedures are rising in popularity. In 2018 alone Thailand saw 140,123 procedures, according to the data released by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. That makes Thailand the fifth highest for cosmetic procedures in the world. Despite that, the stigma around the most popular cosmetic procedure like Botulinum Toxin injection, still remains. As a dermatologist, I’ve seen many people working hard to take care of their beauty but falling for some of the big myths about botox treatment. Let me share some of the most common:

One of the biggest myths about botulinum toxin is that it causes “frozen face”. It’s described as not being able to make facial expressions. The truth is the botulinum toxin has received approval from the Food and Drug Administration and is used in relaxing, not freezing, the muscles from contracting.

Wrinkles are formed by repetitive contraction of facial muscles. Injection of regulated quantities of botulinum toxin into specific overactive muscles causes muscle relaxation. This results in smoothing out frown lines, forehead lines and crow’s feet temporarily — for 4-6 months. Each treatment is customisable, by only injecting small doses of botulinum toxin into specific muscles. One can have a natural softening of unwanted wrinkles without compromising facial expressions. So you can have as much or as little movement as you want. With experience and precision targeting, though, a skilled dermatologist can maintain your facial expressiveness while still freshening your overall look with targeted injections to reduce wrinkles.

The most important advice from me is that botulinum toxin injection is a medical treatment. Therefore, you should find a qualified and experienced physician to perform it in a clinic or a hospital. Moreover, you need to be cautious when injectables are offered at bargain or reduced prices, because they may have been obtained through websites or offshore, they may be counterfeit and there’s no one to assure purity or content of the solution. Serious injury or personal harm may result when unknown substances are injected.

As with anything, know your facts before undergoing any beauty treatment or procedure. When it comes to beauty, knowledge is the power that allows you to weigh risk versus benefit.

Chronic inflammation is dangerous, and you may not even know you have it #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 21, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


Chronic inflammation is dangerous, and you may not even know you have it

Jan 21. 2020
A medical diagnostic center. Experts believe chronic inflammation may damage DNA and lead to heart disease, cancer, other disorders. MUST CREDIT: Washington Post photo by Michael S. Williamson

A medical diagnostic center. Experts believe chronic inflammation may damage DNA and lead to heart disease, cancer, other disorders. MUST CREDIT: Washington Post photo by Michael S. Williamson
By Special To The Washington Post · Marlene Cimons · HEALTH

Most of us think of inflammation as the redness and swelling that follow a wound, infection or injury, such as an ankle sprain, or from overdoing a sport, “tennis elbow,” for example. This is “acute” inflammation, a beneficial immune system response that encourages healing, and usually disappears once the injury improves.

But chronic inflammation is less obvious and often more insidious.

Chronic inflammation begins without an apparent cause – and doesn’t stop. The immune system becomes activated, but the inflammatory response isn’t intermittent, as it is during an acute injury or infection. Rather, it stays on all the time at a low level.

Experts think this may be the result of an infection that doesn’t resolve, an abnormal immune reaction or such lifestyle factors as obesity, poor sleep or exposure to environmental toxins. Over time, the condition can, among other things, damage DNA and lead to heart disease, cancer and other serious disorders.

“Unlike acute inflammation, which benefits health by promoting healing and recovery, chronic inflammation is characterized by persistent increases in inflammatory proteins all throughout the body and can damage health and promote several major diseases,” says George Slavich, associate professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at UCLA, referring to small proteins called cytokines that the immune system releases at the site of an injury to promote recovery.

“People typically don’t know that they have chronic inflammation until it’s too late,” he says.

Individuals often learn they have chronic inflammation when they develop an autoimmune disease, such as Crohn’s disease, lupus or Type 1 diabetes, since inflammation is a hallmark of autoimmune disorders. But experts believe chronic inflammation also plays a role in developing heart disease, cancer, kidney disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, neurodegenerative disorders, cognitive decline and mental health illnesses, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia.

Scientists are still learning about why chronic inflammation is so dangerous and how it contributes to disease. Meanwhile, they suggest actions people can take to reduce their risk, specifically by changing certain behaviors.

Numerous factors appear to raise the risk of chronic inflammation, among them social isolation, psychological stress, disturbed sleep, chronic infections, physical inactivity, poor diet, obesity and exposure to air pollutants, hazardous waste products, industrial chemicals and tobacco smoke.

Experts believe individuals can reduce their risk by adopting lifestyle changes, including eating a healthy diet, improving sleep, exercising regularly, quitting smoking and finding ways to decrease stress and exposure to environmental pollutants.

“Diet is one of the key factors that influences inflammation in the body,” Slavich says. “Whereas fried foods, red meat, sodas, and white bread and pastries that have refined carbohydrates tend to increase inflammation, fruits, nuts, green leafy vegetables, tomatoes and olive oil tend to reduce inflammation. Therefore, while diet is not the only factor that can be targeted to improve immune health, it is an important one.”

Scientists think chronic inflammation causes oxidative stress in the body, which is an imbalance between the production of dangerous free radicals, molecules that harm healthy tissue in the body, and antioxidants, substances that clean up waste products and neutralize them. This can damage DNA as well as proteins and fatty tissue, which in turn accelerates biological aging.

“Chronic inflammation is involved in not just a few select disorders but a wide variety of very serious physical and mental health conditions,” says Slavich, senior author of a recent paper signed by scientists from 22 institutions urging greater prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of severe chronic inflammation. “Indeed, chronic inflammatory diseases are the most significant cause of death in the world today, with more than 50 percent of all deaths being attributable to inflammation-related diseases.”

Researchers still don’t understand the exact mechanisms of how certain behaviors influence chronic inflammation, although a few examples are clear. In heart disease, for example, cigarette smoking and air pollution irritate the arteries, which stimulates inflammation.

“The ‘damage accumulation’ theory is a possibility, but the reality is that we do not know whether inflammation is causing these health and functional problems, or whether it’s an indication that some other process is evolving that undermines health,” says Luigi Ferrucci, scientific director of the National Institute on Aging. “The evidence is clearer for cardiovascular disease, since it has been demonstrated that blocking inflammation with specific drugs prevents cardiovascular events. For the other outcomes, it’s still uncertain.”

Chronic inflammation can contribute to cognitive decline and mental health disorders by boosting age-related immune system deterioration, known as immunosenescence, and by promoting vascular and brain aging, which, in combination, degrade neural and cognitive function, experts say.

“Chronic inflammation can also cause threat sensitivity and hypervigilance, which gives rise to anxiety disorders and PTSD, as well as fatigue and social-behavioral withdrawal, which are key symptoms of depression,” Slavich says.

Scientists say more research is needed to identify biomarkers or other substances that suggest the presence of chronic inflammation.

There are probably hundreds of these potential diagnostic tools produced by the immune system, but they remain unidentified, Slavich says.

The most widely used test measures levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the blood. CRP, a substance produced by the liver, rises when chronic inflammation is present, although the standard CRP test is nonspecific – that is, it indicates inflammation, but cannot pinpoint exactly where it is. A second, more sensitive test (hs-CRP) suggests a higher risk of heart attack, although it too can be imprecise.

Some doctors screen for CRP as part of routine physical exams and also among people at risk for heart disease and autoimmune conditions. Experts think wider screening could identify more patients. “This isn’t a bad idea,” Ferrucci says.

Another test – this one more specific to heart disease – screens for myeloperoxidase, or MPO, an enzyme released by white blood cells that kills harmful bacteria in inflamed blood vessels. Increases in MPO can be dangerous, causing further damage to arterial walls, which encourages the formation of clots. These, in turn, can block blood flow, leading to heart attack and stroke. MPO also reduces the effectiveness of HDL, the “good” cholesterol, and removes nitric oxide, which is important for the regulation of healthy blood flow.

The good news, however, is that people worried about developing chronic inflammation can take affirmative steps to prevent it.

“If we make people aware of these risk factors, our hope is that individuals will reduce the factors that apply to them,” Slavich says.

The Big Number: U.S. birthrate drops to all-time low of 1.73 #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 21, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


The Big Number: U.S. birthrate drops to all-time low of 1.73

Jan 21. 2020
By Special To The Washington Post · Linda Searing · HEALTH 

Women in the United States are having fewer babies than ever before, creating a fertility rate of 1.73 births per mother, according to data from the National Vital Statistics System that was analyzed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The fertility rate peaked in 1957 at 3.77 births per woman, declined to 1.84 births in 1980, increased slightly to 2.08 by 1990 and started declining again in 2007, reaching the record low by the end of 2018. The 1.73 number is below what is considered the replacement rate – producing as many births each year as deaths. That requires a fertility rate of 2.1 births per woman, according to the CDC.

The agency’s report did not address reasons the fertility rate has fallen. But other data in the report showed that women are having children later in life, with fewer births than in the past from the teen years to early 30s and more births than in the past from ages 35 to 44. The age at which women first become mothers also has increased. Today, U.S. women are, on average, 26.4 years old when they have their first child, according to a Pew Research Center study based on international data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

The wild ride of East Africa’s favorite stimulant #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

Published January 19, 2020 by SoClaimon

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation


The wild ride of East Africa’s favorite stimulant

Jan 19. 2020
A worker shows the miraa leaves he picked at a farm near Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

A worker shows the miraa leaves he picked at a farm near Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato
By The Washington Post · Max Bearak 

MAUA, Kenya – It’s an unassuming little red-and-green leaf, but the powers unlocked by chewing it have hooked millions of people around the world, made it one of Kenya’s leading exports and gotten it banned in the United States and much of Europe.

Known as miraa in Kenya and Somalia and qat, or khat, in Arabic, its users say munching it for a few hours makes them alert and talkative, much like coffee would. But the potency of the leaf starts to wane as soon as it is picked off the tree, presenting a major challenge to suppliers in this more than $400-million-a-year industry: how to get it from the hills of central Kenya – the miraa heartland – to Nairobi, Mogadishu and other hubs of its biggest fans – the Somali community – without delay.

A picker works under the rain picking miraa from a farm located near Maua, Kenya in November 2019. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

A picker works under the rain picking miraa from a farm located near Maua, Kenya in November 2019. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

The answer lies in a breakneck production cycle in which the leaves are plucked, sorted, bundled and shipped in wildly careening pickup trucks to distribution centers in Nairobi, 180 miles away, in just a few chaotic hours.

Workers bundle miraa for distribution in a storehouse near Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

Workers bundle miraa for distribution in a storehouse near Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

The business, which is legal in Kenya, is run by trade organizations that operate like mafias. Numerous suppliers have been investigated for allegedly using unlicensed planes to fly miraa to Somalia from Nairobi, as well as allegedly using the trade as a front for money laundering. The Washington Post witnessed evidence of child labor in one miraa sorting warehouse in Maua.

Farmers arrive to sell their fresh miraa to resellers in Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato Photo by: Luis Tato — For The Washington Post

Farmers arrive to sell their fresh miraa to resellers in Maua. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato Photo by: Luis Tato — For The Washington Post

The United States, Britain and other European countries have banned the leaf, classifying it as a drug even though its addictiveness has not been proved. Producers say the bans are absurd, even racist. Half a million Kenyans rely on miraa for their livelihood, according to the Kenyan government. Daniel Ngolua, a miraa farmer, calls it a “cultural treasure for us.”

A motorbike driver leaves a market in Maua carrying miraa bunches. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

A motorbike driver leaves a market in Maua carrying miraa bunches. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

The bundles of delicate miraa leaves are packed in sturdier banana leaves and loaded by the ton into the beds of pickup trucks.

The ride to Nairobi from Maua is a three-hour roller coaster along winding country roads, speeding constantly at 100 mph without touching the brakes, through busy towns and villages, flying over speed bumps, running dozens of cars and pedestrians off the road along the way. Bystanders cheer the drivers on like action-movie heroes. Drivers say they are always balancing the risks with the payoff.

Benjamin Karenga speaks with clients while speeding his way to Nairobi to deliver fresh miraa. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

Benjamin Karenga speaks with clients while speeding his way to Nairobi to deliver fresh miraa. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

Benjamin Karengea, 30, has done the drive from Maua to Nairobi once a day, every day, for eight years. “It is a very dangerous work but, what can I do? It provides for me and my family,” he said. “I am Christian and I have faith. The only thing I can do before taking off is pray.”

At the end of the drive, miraa is unloaded at a market in Nairobi. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

At the end of the drive, miraa is unloaded at a market in Nairobi. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Luis Tato

Many of the trucks head for Nairobi’s Little Somalia, Eastleigh, while the rest goes straight to the international airport for shipment to Somalia.

The Post was granted access by the Kenya Airport Authority to witness the loading process, but hesitant traders and cargo operators blocked a photographer from taking photos.

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