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Trotting the glove

Published June 16, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371147

Trotting the glove

national June 15, 2019 13:13

By Kanjana Lao
Nation Graphic

2,089 Viewed

As many as 1.4 billion people took overseas trips last year, generating revenue of almost US$1.6 trillion (Bt50 trillion) worldwide. Thailand saw 38.28 million arrivals last year, earning Bt2.01 trillion.

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Obstacles ahead on road to the EEC

Published June 15, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371114

Eastern seaports will be key to the success of the EEC. Photo courtesy of EEC
Eastern seaports will be key to the success of the EEC. Photo courtesy of EEC

Obstacles ahead on road to the EEC

national June 15, 2019 01:00

By Private sector hoping new government will boost investment incentives, labour retraining

Wichit Chaitrong The Nation Weekend

The new government can expect to face multiple challenges in implementing the ambitious Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC) initiative if it is truly to lift the economy to the next level, in the eyes of the business community and residents of the region.

Chachoengsao province has recently become a hot spot for landuse disputes as farmers protest against EEC development plans. Photo/The Nation

Orapin Sermpraphasilp, chairperson of the Federation of Thai Industries of the Eastern Region, noted that the necessary laws are in place and a dedicated EEC Office has been established. Businesspeople have high hopes that the government will speed state investments in the required infrastructure and facilitate private investment too.

She said the private sector is seeking further incentive to support the retraining of workers who will be needed in the region.

Manufacturers are prepared to work with the Labour Ministry in setting up training centres within their plants, but have asked for a 200-per-cent tax credit on their investments.

“We expect the new government to consider our proposed tax incentives to enable industries to upgrade production and technology to ‘Industry 4.0’ standards,” said Orapin.

The business community estimates the EEC will need about 400,000 skilled workers over the next five years. Orapin warned that the government would be unable to achieve its goal of establishing five new “s-curve” industries without a sizeable skilled labour force.

The s-curve industries are robotics, aviation and logistics, biofuel and biochemical, digital, and comprehensive medical.

State investments will meanwhile be huge in the needed infrastructure – a high-speed railway, a “smart city” and the expansion of the East’s airport and seaport facilities.

Another area posing challenges is research and development of new technology. Orapin said the business community plans to establish an R&D fund, possibly financed by large corporations, which she said would deserve tax allowances in return.

The fund would back small and medium-sized enterprises seeking to upgrade their operational efficiency and technological capacity.

Waste management poses a further obstacle. Private firms face significant hurdles obtaining licences to operate their own waste-treatment facilities, and toxic waste and pollution are chronic issues for the eastern industrial parks.

Orapin believes the region needs more treatment plants to deal with the situation and help prevent illegal dumping.

With China and the United States engaged in a tariff and trade showdown, foreign investors have begun channelling money to the EEC, an attractive alternative bet. “We’ve also witnessed foreign investors in recent months seeking Thai products they can export to the US,” said Orapin.

Their first choice in alternatives to China, however, remains Vietnam, which offers far better incentives than Thailand, she said.

Vietnam, like Thailand, lets foreigners lease in industrial zones for up to 99 years but, unlike Thailand, it attaches no strings, she pointed out.

Stanley Kang, chairman of the Joint Foreign Chambers of Commerce in Thailand, is worried about rising land prices, the shortage of skilled labour and red tape, which he said together make the EEC less attractive compared to industrial parks in Vietnam.

“The challenges are how Thailand can mount an adequate skilled workforce and how its ‘ease of doing business’ ranking can be improved so that licence approvals become much easier,” Kang said.

Saowaruj Rattanakhamfu, a senior research fellow at the Thailand Development Research Institute, added that the new government should take the issue of local participation seriously. The project initiated by the junta-led government was criticised as a “top-down process” and communities in the region feel shunted aside, said Saowaruj, whose research focuses on the EEC.

The new government has to make sure that citizens in the area also benefit, she said. Otherwise the massive investment would be of little use to the country. Lawmakers have to take into account income disparity and find ways to help disadvantaged people.

Hundreds of easterners staged a protest against the EEC at one point, worried about possible adverse effects.

Saowaruj is also concerned because the coalition government led by the Phalang Pracharat Party lacks stability.

“I wonder how efficiently they will be able to do their job,” she said. “Judging from the delay just setting up the government and their small majority in Parliament, they face a serious challenge in carrying out their work in a timely and productive fashion.”

Rangsan Somboon, a fishermen’s leader in Laem Chabang, said communities close to the seaport there – a key component of the EEC initiative – have already been hit with land expropriation for new roads.

The EEC blueprint calls for the port to be expanded to accommodate more ships laden with imports and exports. Rangsan reckons that 95 of the 103 families who earn a living by farming mussels will be adversely affected by the expansion.

He’s also worried about other fishing communities across Chon Buri province. Representatives of 18 groups will meet soon and collate information for both the government and the opposition, he said. But the junta-led government never paid much attention to local communities left in precarious circumstances, he said.

“We’re pinning our hopes on opposition MPs to bring the issues to Parliament for debate,” Rangsan said.

The chief concern for Pornapa Kuaycharoen, director of Land Watch, is the new city-plan bill, which she fears might hurt both farmers and the ecology in and around the Bang Pakong wetland.

The first draft envisioned the Bang Pakong delta included in a residential zone rather than remaining a green zone. Residents have so far been afforded little say at public hearings on the bill, Pornapa said.

Luxmon Attapich, deputy secretary-general of the EEC Office, offered some solace to concerned parties, saying the high-tech industries coming to the region would not need large properties, so any impact on nature or residents would be limited.

REPORT: Organic products face new challenges as market moves online

Published June 15, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371127

  • Courtesy of Greennet.

REPORT: Organic products face new challenges as market moves online

national June 15, 2019 01:00

By PIYAPORN WONGRUANG
THE NATION WEEKEND

Every one’s going organic, but few really care about the essence of “being organic”

The Growing demand for “clean and green” food is having an immediate effect in both the real and virtual worlds, but there is still doubt as to whether people are grasping the essence of being fully organic, with sustainable agriculture and fair trade.

This doubt was aired at a recent Food Security Assembly forum spearheaded by BioThai – Thailand’s top campaigner for food security and biodiversity – and its 30-plus allies in networks dedicated to sustainable and alternative agriculture.

The concept of organic products arose more than 20 years ago as a symbol in the fight against a so-called green revolution by farming communities. Markets were created as platforms to offer these goods as alternatives.

With lifestyles now shifting, the demand for clean food is growing and conventional markets, modern trade outlets and even the new online-retail option created by Jack Ma are adding green goods to their line-up of products.

However, food-security advocates and economists believe the growing call for clean, green food can present challenges.

Independent researcher Premkamol Phukaew, who presented her findings at the forum, said more fresh markets in Bangkok and neighbouring provinces were selling organic products, and some traders were opting for technology such as QR codes to boost sales.

But hygiene remains an issue because these markets are not well regulated. In her study using data from the Bangkok Food Sanitation Office, Premkamol found that only 350 of the 1,120 markets in the city were regulated. In the rest there are no official checks on standards or hygiene.

“The state is only controlling 30 per cent of the markets, so the question is whether the authorities will ever notice this and take action to improve the standards,” Premkamol said.

BioThai network Thai-Pan recently conducted random checks on vegetables sold at such markets and found that more than half the samples were contaminated by chemicals, she said.

Sellers’ understanding and the attitude of market owners, she said, play a key role in lifting standards in markets where state measures are obviously absent.

The markets have managed to survive despite the shift in retail trends because they play a major role in connecting buyers with producers.

A study by Oxfam Thailand found that modern trade outlets, such as large supermarkets and hypermarts, have also started carrying organic products in response to demand, said Theerawit Chainarongsophon, who works in private-sector engagement at Oxfam.

He pointed out that the market value of the modern-trade sector stood at Bt2.3 trillion last year, despite there being few outlets. BioThai noted that such outlets hold a 50-per-cent share in the food market, while convenience stores command a share of up to 75 per cent among ready-to-eat products.

However, these outlets do not quite pay heed to fair trade. A study by Oxfam International found that at least 30 per cent of their earnings go to the operators and barely 14 per cent to farmers.

“This is an unfair and unbalanced distribution of the benefits,” Theerawit said.

Oxfam Thailand found similar data when studying the distribution of income in Thailand’s shrimp industry. It discovered that up to 30 per cent of earnings went to modern-trade operators, while producers were given so little that they suffered food insecurity themselves.

Theerawit said fair trade and food security were clearly the challenges faced by producers when they engage with modern trade, which has played more role in a food chain and bcome in more direct contact with producers.

Then there’s the new retail toy created by Ma, which is posing fresh challenges since modern technology moves high volumes of goods across borders at cheaper costs, but leaves farmers empty-handed.

“There is a big change in relationships in the food chain. Monopolies and manipulation of production and distribution are posing new concerns,” said Kingkorn Narintarakul Na Ayutthaya, BioThai’s deputy director.

Virtual or application-based e-markets are also changing the way food is bought and produced. In South Korea, for instance, photos of food items are posted on public trains and buses and people can order these items using their phones. This trend appears to be coming to Thailand as well.

Kingkorn said the trend is growing in the Asia region mainly because so many people live in cramped cities. “This type of trade could even kill fresh markets,” she said.

Food-security advocates and economists say that, although markets and modern outlets have decided to put clean food on their shelves, they still ignore the mainstay of organic food – sustainable agriculture and fair trade – which is leaving farmers at the source of the food chain hungry.

They blame the trend on consumers’ drive to be healthier. In their hunger for clean food, few people think about the producers who are critical to the food chain and its sustainability.

Independent economist Sarinee Achavanuntakul, founder of Sal Forest – a company that promotes sustainable business growth – said her research shows there are different terms used to define organic products and “health food”, and the market values of these two categories are vastly different.

For instance, she said, organic products generated around Bt1 billion last year, while health food earned Bt170 billion – a clear reflection on consumption trends and perception.

She said the biggest challenge for clean products and markets was maintaining their value at competitive levels.

While some green markets serve their local communities, the operators should think more about their unique value and how they can contribute to new trends and changing lifestyles.

“Maybe it’s not about green or alternative markets, but more about marketing, about how we can lift our producers and connect them in the correct way with consumers. This will help us focus and reposition the organic-food chain in line with new market trends,” Sarinee said.

Cause of actress Butsaran’s death remains mystery

Published June 15, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371091

Cause of actress Butsaran’s death remains mystery

national June 14, 2019 16:40

By The Nation

2,625 Viewed

Doctors still do not know the origin of the illness that led to the death of 28-year-old actress Butsaran “Numtarn The Star” Thongchio at Bangkok’s Siriraj Hospital early on Friday.

Hospital director Dr Prasit Watanapa told a press conference that she died at 2.17am from the brain swelling which increased pressure inside her skull, affecting her respiratory system and other key bodily functions. He said the cause of her acute ailment – involving massive bleeding and respiratory failure – remains unknown and the hospital would continue to study her case to determine the cause of massive bleeding.

Butsaran’s death followed a drastic drop in blood pressure between 7pm and 8pm on Thursday and she was placed under close watch, Prasit said.

“We offer our condolences to the family. Until now, we still don’t know what caused her ailment and where was the exact spot of bleeding, so we will study her information and previous medical records to find the answers,” Prasit said.

Butsaran’s sister Pimrada Thongchio and brother-in-law Kittithat Kongpopjirapat said they believed the actress had tried her best to stay alive but could not hold on and passed away peacefully.

Pimrada said she was grief-stricken by the sudden loss. “I should have brought my daughter, who was close to Numtarn, to visit her while she was being treated, because there might be a miracle.

“While Numtarn was still alive but unconscious, we played a video clip of her singing with my daughter and her condition seemed to improve. I thank everyone including doctors and nurse for trying their best,” she said.

The actress, who did not drink or smoke and had been in good health, suddenly began bleeding from her nose and mouth while at home in Samut Sakhon province on Tuesday.

She then passed out and her heart stopped beating before she was resuscitated and taken to the provincial hospital.

Her heart also stopped beating again before she was transferred at 6am on Wednesday to Siriraj Hospital. The hospital announced on Thursday that Butsaran’s illness had never been encountered in Thailand before and they were attempting to discover the cause while treating her based on her symptoms.

Her funeral will be held at Wat Pom Wichienchotikaram in Samut Sakhon’s Muang district, with the bathing rites at 4pm on Friday, followed by Abhidamma prayers until June 17.

Her cremation will be held on June 18.

Butsaran was born on September 21, 1990, in Samut Sakhon and graduated from the College of Music at Mahidol University.

She gained fame after she joined season five of “The Star” Thai reality television singing competition which aired in 2009. The show was produced by Exact, a GMM Grammy company, and originally broadcast on Modernine TV before it was moved after Season 11 to broadcast via Channel One.

The show lasted 12 seasons and ended on May, 2016, and many of its contestants went on to become famous in the Thai entertainment industry.

For many, Butsaran was most famous from her role as Lieutenant Ran from “Phu Kong Chao Saneh” sit-com (2007-2016). She also had supporting roles in the 2008 film “Thewada Bletheng” (Angels) and the TV shows “Pho Pla Lai” (Father Fish, 2011) and “Kham Wela Ha Rak” (Time for Love, 2018).

Officials check ‘political’ pedestal tray design at school

Published June 15, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371090

Officials check ‘political’ pedestal tray design at school

national June 14, 2019 16:33

By The Nation

3,361 Viewed

A controversy unfolded at a Nong Khai school on Teachers’ Day after officials inspected pedestal trays designed by students that mocked recent political processes.

High school students of Chumpol Phisai school in Northeastern Nong Khai province attached sarcastic messages on a pedestal tray design. They wrote “250 Votes” on a the heavier side of a balance scale image and “Millions of Votes” on the lighter side of the scale.

The message apparently referred to Thailand’s recent election for Prime Minister, where 250 senators from the junta National Council for Peace and Order had the power to elect General Prayut Chan-o-cha to the top government post over more than a million votes from eligible voters.

After photos of the pedestal tray spread on social media, Police Colonel Phuwit Siripanit, the superintendent of district Phon Phisai in Nong Khai police station instructed officials to investigate the school and order the students to delete every picture shared on the social media.

Later Phuwit said that he instructed police to inspect the school so he would be prepared if high-ranking officials asked him about the matter.

“Personally, I think it’s just the attitude of teens towards politics. I see no spiteful things from the students. Also, my subordinates just visited the school, took photos, then sent them to me. I didn’t order them to force the students to delete pictures from social media,” he said.

Many people shared opinions on the incident.

Assistant professor Sawatree Suksri, the professor of Faculty of Law of Thammasat University commented on Facebook that the students were not at fault and the authorities must react carefully because the students had the right to prosecute them.

Teachers’ Day is an annual ceremony held in the first Thursday of June, at the beginning of new semester. Every school has to hold the ceremony for the students to pay respect to their teachers and students traditionally create pedestal trays to respect and express their gratitude to teachers.

This year a lot of pedestal trays were designed to express political views.

Mysterious illness claims life of actress Butsaran

Published June 15, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371082

Mysterious illness claims life of actress Butsaran

national June 14, 2019 11:16

By The Nation

5,313 Viewed

Actress Butsaran “Numtarn The Star” Thongchio, 28, succumbed to the mysterious illness that suddenly struck her down and passed away in the early hours of Friday at Bangkok’s Siriraj Hospital.

Her film director father Wirote Thongchio confirmed the news in a Facebook post.

“My daughter has passed away peacefully at 2.17am … thank you everyone for caring for her. My heart is full of grief and sympathy for her (for having to go through such illness and departed),” he said in the post, which prompted a huge outpouring of grief from the Thai public, receiving 18,000 comments, 61,000 reactions and 22,000 shares.

The family has reportedly allowed doctors at Siriraj to analyse exactly what happened to Butsaran in order to help prevent the same thing happening to anyone else in future.

Siriraj Hospital thoracic surgeon Dr Pranya Sakiyalak and hospital director Dr Prasit Watanapa were due to officially provide information about what is known of the cause of death in a press conference at 11am on Friday, at which family members were also expected to attend.

The actress, who did not drink or smoke and had been in good health, suddenly began bleeding from her nose and mouth while at home in Samut Sakhon province on Tuesday.

She then passed out and her heart stopped beating before she was resuscitated and taken to the provincial hospital. Her heart stopped beating twice more before she was transferred at 6am on Wednesday to the better-equipped Siriraj Hospital. Siriraj announced on Thursday that Butsaran’s mysterious illness had never been encountered in Thailand before and they were attempting to discover the cause while treating her based on her symptoms.

Her funeral will be held at Wat Pom Wichienchotikaram in Samut Sakhon’s Muang district, with the bathing rites at 4pm on Friday, followed Abhidamma prayers until June 17.

Her cremation will be held on June 18.

Tests find food supplements laced with dangerous drugs sold online

Published June 14, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371059

Tests find food supplements laced with dangerous drugs sold online

national June 14, 2019 01:00

By The Nation

SEVERAL SUPPLEMENTS that claim to help with weight loss or sexual potency and distributed via popular online platforms contain dangerous drugs, the Foundation for Consumers said yesterday.

These supplements are sold online via Lazada, WeMall, Shopee, 411estore as well as Watsons , the foundation said, adding that apart from risking their health, buyers may also face legal action if they are found to have these items in their possession.

The foundation called on Food and Drug Administration (FDA) yesterday to impose the harshest penalties possible on the sellers.

The call followed tests conducted by the foundation’s Chalad Sue (Smart Buying) magazine, which found that many food supplements being sold online were harmful. The magazine’s product-and -service-monitoring project, recently examined 15 weight-loss supplements advertised online.

 Three products – sold under S-Line, Chaliew2 and Deli by NQ Brand – were found to contain the psychoactive agent sibutramine, which is usually used to treat depression.

The side-effects, however, are high blood pressure, risk of stroke and heart problems.

Under the law, sellers of sibutramine can face a jail term of four to 20 years plus fines of Bt400,000 to Bt2 million. Those found to be in possession of the drug are liable to a jail term of one to five years and/or a fine of Bt10,000 to Bt100,000. Consumers can also face a jail term of up to three years and/or a maximum fine of Bt60,000.

The project also examined 10 supplements that claim to address impotency. Supplements sold under the brands Draco, Plays, MO CHA, So Cool, OMG, CHU, Vitalmax and Vitality Reborn were found to contain the controlled substances, sildenafil, tadalafil or vardenafil, that have severe side-effects such as headaches, sudden hypotension and arrhythmia. These products can prove to be fatal if used by people with heart problems, blood-pressure issues or diabetes.

The Foundation of Consumers said that though sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil can be sold to consumers, the FDA should still take action against those selling supplements tainted with these substances.

“Since they contain drugs, these products cannot be considered pure food supplements according to the Foods Act of BE 2522,” the foundation said, adding that the sellers should face up to two years in jail and a fine of Bt20,000.

“They should also be held responsible for violating legal stipulations on labelling,” it added.

Offences related to false labelling are punishable by six months to 10 years in jail plus a fine of Bt5,000 to Bt100,000.

Actress Numtarn’s illness still a mystery to Siriraj doctors

Published June 14, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371060

Actress Numtarn’s illness still a mystery to Siriraj doctors

national June 14, 2019 01:00

By PUNGCHUMPOO PRASERT
THE NATION

BANGKOK’S SIRIRAJ Hospital admitted yesterday that the mysterious illness that nearly killed actress Butsaran “Numtarn The Star” Thongchio, 28, earlier this week has never been encountered in Thailand before.

Butsaran is in a stable condition, and since tests are still unable to find the cause of her illness, treatment will be mostly based on symptoms, Professor Dr Prasit Watanapa, dean of Mahidol University’s Faculty of Medicine at Siriraj Hospital, told the press yesterday.

Prasit also said that the patient’s lungs were being supported by an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) life-support system, applied by Siriraj’s thoracic surgeon Dr Pranya Sakiyalak before she was moved out of Samut Sakhon Hospital. ECMO support is necessary because Butsaran is suffering from pneumothorax, or a collapsed lung, he said.

With stable vital signs and no blood in the respiratory tract, the patient underwent a CT scan this morning so doctors could assess brain damage, Prasit said, adding that no blood was found in either of the lungs, though there is swelling in her brain. He added that doctors will continue to look for a cause, monitor her symptoms closely and maintain the body’s mineral levels.

“Numtarn is not out of the woods yet as she is still unconscious. The swelling in her brain will be assessed again in 48 hours and then in 72 hours so doctors can monitor her closely. Since brain swelling usually goes down in 72 hours, we will have to wait for that before we can assess her brain’s functions. She may be unconscious now due to the swelling or brain damage caused by the lack of oxygen when her heart stopped beating a few times,” Prasit said. “So far, we know she has an abnormal vein [in her lung] that can rupture easily and that she has a history of often having nose bleeds – though this can be due to very dry weather conditions or lack of vitamins,” he added.

“Siriraj doctors have previously cured patients who cough up or vomit blood. But in Namtarn’s case, blood poured out of her mouth and nose, and we still can’t find the exact spot of the bleeding in her lung. Siriraj has never encountered a case like this before. In fact, these symptoms are rare worldwide,” Prasit said, adding that the ratio of people having abnormal veins in the lung was one in a million and very rarely do people have the same symptoms as Namtarn.

He also urged people to immediately seek emergency treatment if they start coughing up blood. He also said that Butsaran does not have dengue fever, as has been speculated on social media, because her blood count is normal.

The actress, who does not drink or smoke and has been generally healthy, suddenly began bleeding from her nose and mouth while at home in Samut Sakhon province on Tuesday. She then passed out and her heart stopped beating before she was resuscitated and rushed to the provincial hospital. She suffered another two incidents of heart failure before she was transferred at 6am on Wednesday to the better-equipped Siriraj Hospital.

Also present at the press conference were Butsaran’s sister Pimrada and brother-in-law Kittithat Kongpopjirapat.

Survey finds 400,000 Thai children are at work

Published June 14, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371062

File photo
File photo

Survey finds 400,000 Thai children are at work

national June 14, 2019 01:00

By The Nation

1 in 4 found to be working in dangerous conditions and during sleeping hours

A recent study found that over 400,000 Thais under the age of 18 spend at least one hour a week labouring either for wages, other benefits or simply to ease their parent’s workload.

“Nearly half of the youngsters are no longer in school,” Vivathana Thanghong, director-general of the Labour Protection and Welfare Department, said yesterday.

Of the working children, 177,000 are considered labourers because of the time they devote to working each week.

Also worrying is the fact that nearly one in four of the child labourers engage in dangerous work, such as carrying heavy items, handling hazardous chemicals, working in extremely hot or cold temperatures or in areas with heavy noise pollution or working during rest hours between 10pm and 6am.

Vivathana released the figures from a 2018 survey to mark the World Day against Child Labour on Wednesday.

He said the top three causes of child labour a wish to ease their family’s workload, need to generate supplementary income for their family and lack of interest in studies.

“As many as 266,000 children have worked without any pay,” he said.

The July to September survey last year involved 26,643 families with children aged between five and 17.

“According to the findings, it can be concluded that about 225,000 children work anything from 15 to 48 hours weekly,” he said.

The survey also revealed that 189,000 children worked in the agricultural sector, while 161,000 others served in the trade and service sector.

Vivathana said 71.9 per cent of child workers were boys, and most were between the ages of 15 and 17.

Thailand ratified the International Labour Organisation’s 2001 international convention to fight child labour.

Overall improvement

Overall, Vivathana said, the Kingdom’s situation in terms of child labour has improved, with the number of young workers dropping from more than 300,000 in 2015 to less than 180,000 now.

Thailand is also ranked in the best category in terms of progress against the worst forms of child labour. Prepared by the United States, the report on the issue has put Thailand in the highest “significant advancement” for many years consecutively. Just 17 of 132 countries have, so far, received this recognition.

Vivathana urged parents not to push their children into the labour market just because they need extra income for their family.

“Children should be in school for proper growth and development,” he said, adding that employers should also recognise that hiring poor children does not mean they are helping the children.

Vivathana said while government policies play a crucial role in protecting children, other sectors of society must also help bring an end to child labour.

Malaysia steps up security as Rohingya land on Thai beach

Published June 14, 2019 by SoClaimon

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30371063

Malaysia steps up security as Rohingya land on Thai beach

national June 14, 2019 01:00

By THE NATION

2,053 Viewed

MALAYSIA STEPPED up security measures along its border with Thailand after a group of 65 Rohingya landed in southern Satun province this week on their way to the predominantly Muslim neighbouring country.

Malaysian maritime police, custom officials and border guards were seen patrolling along the border yesterday. Malaysia has been the prime destination for Rohingya people, and as of April, 24,720 refugees have been given shelter in the country, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said.

Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha yesterday ordered an investigation after a boat carrying 65 ethnic Rohingya and five Myanmar men swept ashore at Satun.

Deputy Government spokesman Lt-General Weerachon Sukondhapatipak said Prayut wants an investigation into who was behind the landing of the vessel at Koh Rawi in Tambon Koh Sarai of Satun’s Muang district.

The premier has also called on public health agencies to provide the immigrants with health check-ups as per humanitarian principles and also to prevent the spread of any contagious diseases they may be carrying, he added.

Searching for accomplices

National Police inspector-general Pol General Suchat Theerasawat, who surveyed the boat’s route by helicopter, said police were searching for more accomplices.

Thai boat captain Sangkhom Paphan, 49, and five Myanmar nationals have so far been charged with bringing illegal immigrants into the country. Police are also checking to see if they are part of a human-trafficking ring.

Suchat said the 65 Rohingya people were being screened by the Social Development and Human Security Ministry to see if they are human-trafficking victims. Officials are looking for an interpreter to help interview the refugees, he said.

A high-ranked official source said that the system of trafficking Rohingya has changed. Now, the refugees currently in Malaysia contact a trafficking ring in Myanmar directly to bring their relatives to a third country by boat, car or train. The traffickers then hire Thais to transport the refugees through Thailand to their destination, the source said.

The source added that this change took place after Lt-General Manas Kongpan was arrested in 2015 along with Pajjuban Angchotephan, the |former president of the Satun Provincial Administrative Organisation, and Padang |Besar Municipality’s former mayor, Banjong Pongphon.

Manas and Pajjuban were jailed for 20 years each and Banjong for 10 years in May. Manas was linked to the 2015 discovery of a mass grave in a jungle in the southern border province, where traffickers had hidden their victims’ remains. Most of the victims were ethnic Rohingya from Myanmar and Bangladesh.

Bangladesh has sheltered 900,000 Royingya refugees, 740,000 of whom fled from violence in Rakhine State since August 2017.

Dhaka and Nay Pyi Taw have signed a pact to repatriate, but the plan has been on hold since November as the refugees have resisted due to fear for their safety.

Asean leaders are expected to discuss the Rakhine crisis during a summit in Bangkok later this month in order to seek a solution to help facilitate the repatriation.

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