In Europe, the future of urban transportation is facing a make-or-break moment #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

In Europe, the future of urban transportation is facing a make-or-break moment

International

Jul 11. 2020A Zity electric car-sharing hire automobile, operated by Renault, in Paris on May 27, 2020. MUST CREDIT: Bloomberg photo by Adrienne Surprenant.
Location: Paris, FranceA Zity electric car-sharing hire automobile, operated by Renault, in Paris on May 27, 2020. MUST CREDIT: Bloomberg photo by Adrienne Surprenant. Location: Paris, France

By Syndication The Washinton Post, Bloomberg · Thomas Gualtieri, Alessandro Speciale, Tara Patel

To get around Madrid, Javier Wassmann used to wake up in the morning, grab his smartphone and start searching car-sharing apps to find a ride to work. Then came the coronavirus.

“Now I don’t want to use a car without knowing how long ago someone else was in it, if that person was wearing a mask or perhaps coughed on the steering wheel,” said the 37-year-old engineer in the Spanish capital, where four companies compete for customers with flexible, short-hop rentals. “I really don’t need to do it.”

He’s not alone. Car-sharing is suffering from the fallout of the pandemic, with Frost & Sullivan predicting a 25% drop in the market this year. Concerns about contagion and city dwellers who are less mobile because they’re working from home are combining to sap customers from services once seen as the future of urban transport, especially in Europe’s crowded cities.

The sector was already struggling before the coronavirus as too many companies were competing for the same customers — mainly young people who only need a vehicle occasionally. Globally, more than 15 operators shut down last year, according to Frost & Sullivan.

“Car-sharing as a business model is a tough one to achieve profitability in,” said Shwetha Surender, head of new mobility at the consultancy. “It is not going back to pre-Covid levels immediately. We expect a slow recovery.”

Europe is particularly competitive because of its compact cities and an array of transportation options. In Berlin, startup Oply, Europcar Mobility Group’s Ubeeqo and Robert Bosch’s Coup scooter rentals called it quits before the pandemic hit. The fallout has already claimed ride-sharing service CleverShuttle’s operations in the German capital.

Almost 50% of Spaniards plan to use car-sharing services less or much less than before, and 8% will never use them again, according to a report by consultancy EY-Parthenon. In Italy, just 1.3% of people plan to use car-sharing and other mobility services as contagion risk impacts consumer behavior, according to a survey by Moovit, a mobility company recently acquired by Intel Corp.

“We see more people traveling by foot, using their car or their Vespa,” said Yovav Meydad, Moovit’s chief growth and marketing officer. “Less people are using public transportation, probably because of social distancing,” while more will opt for bicycles and scooters.

To lure back drivers, car-sharing companies are adapting by upgrading health procedures and offering a wider array of rental options, including advanced reservations, hourly packages and multi-day bookings. The coming months will be critical.

Zity, a joint venture created in 2017 by Spanish construction company Ferrovial and French carmaker Renault, has delayed its goal of reaching break-even to next year. If it falls short, its survival could be at stake.

“The precondition for us is still to be profitable in the short run,” said Javier Mateos, Zity’s chief executive officer. “If a project isn’t profitable in the short run, it won’t likely exist in the medium run.”

The company has cut its fares and temporarily extended its service to a larger area, managing to add about 6,000 new users to the 330,000 it had before the outbreak. Still, usage in Madrid was just 70% of pre-pandemic levels in late June.

The crisis has implied a six-month delay of its expansion plan, but the goal of operating in as many as 10 European cities in the next two years hasn’t changed.

“Our road map has to be altered, but we’re convinced our model is valid,” Mateos said. “We expect to catch up to numbers comparable to those we reached before the pandemic by September or October.”

It’s not bleak everywhere. Paris’s car-sharing market got a boost at the end of 2019 because of a major transit strike and has since bounced back after lockdowns were lifted, according to David Bartolome, regional business-development manager for Daimler’s and BMW’s ShareNow.

“Paris is going very well and is one of the cities in Europe where the pandemic has had a really positive impact for us,” he said. “We don’t think customers perceive ShareNow as a health risk. Driving in one of our cars is probably safer than riding an elevator in a tall building.”

For those with deep enough pockets, the shakeout presents an opportunity to grab market share and be in a position to profit from the recovery with fewer competitors around.

In the midst of the crisis, rental company Sixt increased its car-sharing fleet by 1,000 vehicles in Germany and expanded outside its home country for the first time, opening in Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague in June and allowing customers to shuttle between the three Dutch cities.

Renault, with its Zity brand, is betting on a similar recovery as the personal car increasingly loses appeal in big cities.

“Our growth trajectory — fast — will remain similar to what it was before the lockdowns,” said Vincent Carre, director of Renault’s car-sharing operations, adding that in major cities like Vancouver, Moscow and Madrid — where the services have been around for years — roughly one third of adults become customers. “We have no doubt about the strength of this business. It’s a deep transformation of society.”

Getting there though will require winning back customers like Wassmann.

“I liked car sharing because it was very quick to use, but now you need to get a tissue to clean the steering wheel, the gearshift, the buttons, everything,” he said. “It may be safe in theory, but I don’t think I’ll be using it again until there’s a vaccine.”

One case of Covid-19 found in state quarantine #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

One case of Covid-19 found in state quarantine

National

Jul 12. 2020

By The Nation

Only one new case of Covid-19 was found over a 24-hour period, the government’s Centre for Covid-19 Situation Administration (CCSA) reported on Sunday (July 12).

The new positive case is a 39-year-old male who had returned from Japan on June 30 and tested positive on July 10 without showing any symptoms.

Meanwhile, two more patients recovered and were discharged from hospitals.

The total number of cases in Thailand since the outbreak has risen to 3,217 — 3,088 patients have recovered and been discharged, 71 patients are undergoing treatment in hospitals, while 58 have died.

Globally, 12.8 million patients were infected since the outbreak, more than 58,000 have severe symptoms, while around 7.4 million have been cured and discharged, but more than 560,000 have died.

The three countries with the highest number of cases are: the US (3.35 million cases), Brazil (1.8 million) and India (850,000). Thailand was 100th among countries with most number of cases.

Chonburi school bids teary farewell to beloved teacher #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

Chonburi school bids teary farewell to beloved teacher

National

Jul 12. 2020

By The Nation

A much-loved teacher, 56, in Chonburi province, who became famous for his dedication to his profession, succumbed to a heart attack.

Students and staff of Saensuk School in Chonburi on Saturday (July 11) attended the funeral of Jakkrapong Rattanasongkhram.

Jakkrapong came to public notice in 2017, as he used to ride a broken bike 16 kilometres to school.

Because of low income and having to take care of a family, he rode the same broken bike for 10 years.

The chief of Samet subdistrict was impressed by his dedication and bought him a new bike.

Jakkrapong was fighting a heart disease in recent times and was sent to hospital when his heart stopped beating while he was alone in his house.

He stayed in Burapha University’s hospital for four days before he passed away, leaving his students and peers in grief.

His parents and his niece agreed to preserve both of his bikes in his memory.

Public hearing held on industrial estate in Songkhla but local group claims it was barred #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

Public hearing held on industrial estate in Songkhla but local group claims it was barred

National

Jul 12. 2020

By The Nation

The Southern Border Province Administrative Centre (SBPAC) on Saturday held a public hearing in Songkhla province on the proposed Chana industrial estate, dubbed a progressive pilot project for the future.

Some 1,000 people living in the project area covering the three subdistricts of Sakom, Taling Chan and Natap attended the hearing at Chanawittaya School. But an estimated equal number of police from the Provincial Police Department Region 9, was deployed around the school. People expressed their opinion, with some backing the industrial estate for the country to develop and create jobs for local people, while some were worried about the environmental impact.

Meanwhile the Chana Rakthin group, which opposes the Chana industrial estate project, and about 300 Chana residents gathered at the dove clock tower led by Caireeya Ramanya. The group read a statement attacking the SBPAC for preventing them from joining the public hearing. They accused the officials of ignoring the voice of the local people, and benefiting capitalists. They vowed to keep up their protest against the project, and keep raising awareness among the local people on the project’s impact on nature. The clock tower is located six kilometres from the school where the hearing was held.

The group said that the Cabinet had approved the project in 2019 without environmental impact assessment or public hearing, which goes against the law. Moreover, they saw the SBPAC’s public hearing on Saturday as just a formality to proceed with the project.

More rains forecast for Thailand this week #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

More rains forecast for Thailand this week

National

Jul 12. 2020Cloudy sky above Bangkok on Sunday morning.Cloudy sky above Bangkok on Sunday morning.

By The Nation

The Thailand Meteorological Department has forecast less rain on Sunday in the North, the Northeast and the Central regions, while the East and South will see isolated heavy rain.

The southwest monsoon prevailing across the Andaman Sea and Thailand has weakened. Easterly and southeasterly winds blow over the Northeast, the East and the South because of isolated heavy rain in the areas. People in the East and the South should beware of severe conditions, the department said.

The forecast for different parts of the ccountry:

Bangkok and its vicinity: Partly cloudy with isolated thundershowers; minimum temperature 27-28 degrees Celsius, maximum 33-38°C; southwesterly winds at 10-25kph.

North: Cloudy with scattered thundershowers mostly in Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Phayao, Tak, Kamphaeng Phet and Phetchabun provinces; minimum temperature 25-27°C, maximum 31-37°C, southwesterly winds at 10-20kph.

Northeast: Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers mostly in Nong Khai, Bueng Kan, Nakhon Phanom, Chaiyaphum, Nakhon Ratchasima and Buri Ram provinces; minimum temperature 25-27°C, maximum 34-37°C; southwesterly winds at  10-20kph.

Central: Partly cloudy with isolated thundershowers mostly in Ratchaburi, Kanchanaburi, Uthai Thani, Nakhon Pathom and Samut Songkhram provinces; minimum temperature 24-26°C, maximum 35-36°C;  southwesterly winds at 10-20kph.

East: Cloudy with scattered thundershowers and isolated heavy rain in Chon Buri, Rayong, Chanthaburi and Trat provinces; minimum temperature 24-27°C, naximum 33-37°C, southwesterly winds 15-30kph; waves about a metre high and 1-2 metres in thundershower areas.

South (east coast): Cloudy with scattered thundershowers and isolated heavy rain in Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, Songkhla, Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat provinces; minimum temperature 23-26°C, maximum 32-36°C; southwesterly winds 10-30kph; waves less than a metre high and 1-2 metres in thundershower areas.

South (west coast): Cloudy with scattered thundershowers and isolated heavy rain in Phang Nga, Phuket, Krabi, Trang and Satun provinces; ninimum temperature 23-25°C, maximum 31-32°C; southwesterly winds at 15-30kph; waves about a metre high and 1-2 metres in thundershowers areas.

Forecast for the next seven days

From July 12-17, the southwest monsoon prevailing across the Andaman Sea and Thailand will strengthen while the easterly and southeasterly winds blow over the Northeast. More rain is likely in Thailand with isolated heavy rain in the Northeast, the East, and the South.

People in the Northeast, the East and the South should beware of severe conditions from July 12-17.

Lapping up the wonders of nature in the ‘green season’ #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

Lapping up the wonders of nature in the ‘green season’

National

Jul 12. 2020

By Sao Sawasdee Team

Some people may think the rainy season is not suitable for travelling, but in fact it is a time one can enjoy the wonders of nature when everything outdoors seems to be dyed in green.

The first place to be recommended for travelling in this season is Chiang Klang district in Nan province. In the district, as well as other areas of the province, the farm fields are lush green against the backdrop of the majestic mountains.

One of Chiang Klang’s attraction is the tobacco curing plants, located in the Ban Sop Kon area. The curing factories are old, brick buildings, built in 1950. In the past, tobacco farming was an important part of the farming culture in Nan.

The plants nowadays are used as a tourist attraction, offering a beautiful location for photography and sometimes pre-wedding photography.

Another attraction of the district is “Sanambin Lek” (the iron airport), the old airport constructed in 1963 to transport assault weapons for soldiers for their fight against communists in Thailand.

The officials mentioned that this airport was available for air operations, although it was too old and rusty.

From Nan’s Chiang Klang  one moves to another green district, Tak’s Mae Sot, which offers great visuals for tourists.

There are nature thrill activities you can engage in, such as rafting and hiking. Juean, or Roger as he is called by foreign tourists, is an old hunter who became a famous local guide working for the ‘Mae La Mao Eco Tour’ agency.

Far from the rafting site, around 100 kilometres away, is the Arokaya Pong Kham Ram (aka Arokaya Onsen Village). The village is famous for its hot spring, which is enriched with calcium and magnesium.

However, visitors are advised not to stay in the hot water for more than 30 minutes, as it would harm their health, and even make them lose consciousness.

In addition to the onsen service is Thai-traditional massage and herbal spa services. The spa also has a café to serve visitors.

The last recommended area in this green season is Kapong district of Phang-Nga province. This area is full of attractions, erasing the doubts of those who wonder whether there are interesting places in the South for tourism in the rainy season.

The charm of Kapong is visible in the morning, as fog hangs in the air in the current month. Locals here also start their day early. Their destination on Sundays is the “Pak Tak Flea Market”, which is covered by fog.

Their shopping time continues for a while before they leave the market, while the fog ebbs gradually as more sunlight filters through.

Near the market is Kapong Canal, a natural water canal, flanked by forests and farms. The water of this canal is famous for being very clear while the atmosphere around is very fresh and natural.

The most prominent attraction of Kapong district is “Plai Poo Hot Spring”. This natural spring consists of big and small wells. The cool water stream located nearby differentiates this spring from the others.

The average temperature at the hot spring is around 75 degrees Celsius.

‘Umurangi Generation’: A photography game that urges you to look closer #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

‘Umurangi Generation’: A photography game that urges you to look closer

National

Jul 12. 2020Umurangi Generation. MUST CREDIT: Origame DigitalUmurangi Generation. MUST CREDIT: Origame Digital

By The Washington Post · Mikhail Klimentov · ENTERTAINMENT, SPORTS

Even in gaming’s most ambitious storytelling efforts, plot and gameplay often coexist without mixing. Play is interrupted with moments of story, often told via cutscene or in lines of dialogue when breathing room arises.

Then, once the story beat is exhausted, play resumes. We can learn things about characters from play, but in a lot of cases, the repetitive nature of tasks in a game map poorly to human character. Plot often takes a back seat to the foremost aim of many games, which is not to be a vehicle for story but largely just to be fun to sit with. A bad plot can be endured, and even sometimes enjoyed. Bad gameplay is a stone in your shoe – deeply and immediately felt.

What really helps bridge this game-story gap is when a game’s environments do their share of lifting on the storytelling front. Here, “Umurangi Generation” exceeds all expectations.

One of the classic tools in the video game storytelling tool kit is environmental storytelling. This often takes the form of little scenes, dioramas that hint at a deeper world outside of the protagonist’s view. A reliable standard of the genre is the chair with some drinks and light reading scattered around. “Wow,” the player might think. “Before this place was overrun by mutants/irradiated by nuclear fallout/shattered by war, someone sat here and relaxed.” In a zombie or pandemic game, it might be a bit of graffiti, scrawled onto a wall beside a corpse: “Starting to not feel so good. It’s probably nothing. Just going to rest here a while.”

“Umurangi Generation,” a photography game by Origame Digital, is all environmental storytelling. It works like a dream – quite literally. So many games today have made a bizarre trade: By obscuring their mechanics and systems in pursuit of immersion and more closely resembling cinema, they’ve only made more obvious the fundamental game-y-ness of “push the box to reach a ledge” and “kill 40 identical enemies before moving out of this room.”

“Umurangi Generation” has achieved the opposite. It feels a lot like games do. The jump is wobbly and inconsistent. Its visuals and music call back to a different era of game development. Prompts to press certain buttons flash on screen. The game has no apparent cinematic aspirations. And yet, these mechanics are so good at calling the player’s attention to the environment that, much like a dream, you know you’re playing a game and still it feels like you’re inhabiting an inescapably real space.

“Umurangi Generation” is made up of a series of explorable maquettes. Across a handful of levels, you’re tasked with collecting photo bounties: Take a picture of X with lens Y. Completing these assignments gives players more control over their photo editing suite (unlocking sliders like saturation and bloom). There are also timed objectives, which reward the player with new lenses and features like flash. These assignments can feel like pixel hunting at times, but the prompts are mostly meant to inspire. The point isn’t really to just take the bounty pictures; it’s to find other stuff you’d like to take a picture of while searching.

One of the big joys of “Umurangi Generation” is the sensation of seeing a scene in the game, and having the mirage of a perfect picture appear in your mind, if only for a second. It’s impossible (at least for a photographer of my caliber) to visualize and capture it as-imagined, which opens up a second game within the game: one of curation. A no-less-enjoyable part of my “Umurangi” experience was scouring my file folder (the game saves all of your shots) after completing a level and being both repulsed and pleasantly surprised by what I’d created. The game reveals certain things about your aesthetic priorities. I preferred vertical images to horizontal ones, and I leaned toward overexposure and a blue tint in many of my photos, mirroring a sort of mid-2010s Bloomberg Businessweek aesthetic. Some of these pictures were, predictably, duds. Others sang in ways that I hadn’t noticed while setting up the shot.

There’s a lot of snap-worthy material in “Umurangi Generation.” The game is overflowing with stuff that is ostensibly of the “cool future” set: Neon lights, city blocks, sharp angles, punks, dancers, workers in jumpsuits, military personnel, guns, cars, trains, fighter jets, VR, wood pallets and shipping crates, graffiti, kaiju and mechs, bright colors and vortex-like tunnels, skyscrapers, fog, nighttimes and sunsets. But beyond even what happens in the game’s “plot,” closer examination reveals that this future isn’t cool. It sucks!

Throughout the first few chapters, players will notice signs of an implied crisis. The UN has stationed armed personnel throughout Tauranga, New Zealand, where the game is set. A massive concrete wall, erected around the city, looms over the peacekeepers and punks alike. Newspapers litter the environment; The stodgy, institutional ones make reference to warlike pronouncements from political leaders, detached in spirit from the goings-on about town. Meanwhile, street art, local papers and makeshift memorials name the dead. And because you’ve got photo bounties to collect, these details cannot be ignored.

There is a meme I’ve come to love recently about the “cool future.” In it, a dopey face, mouth agape, looks at a futuristic character in a trench coat, sporting a robot arm and pointing a gun in the air. The dopey face’s response to the character it’s looking at is to say “cool future!” Meanwhile, the gun is shooting messages up into the air, in an arc over the dopey head: “Class disparity is bad”; “We should probably stop our hedonistic expansion before it destroys the planet”; “We should improve society somewhat.” These are the intended warnings of the cybernetically enhanced character – and they’re going unheeded.

Another example of this sort of meme has recently cropped up on Twitter: the villain versus the real villain. In this meme, one character is positioned as the villain as described by a media property – they’re the stated chief antagonist. But the real villain is supposed to be a counterintuitive choice; someone whose role we’ve reevaluated over time, or whose mistakes or misdeeds catalyze the bad things that unfold. Chancellor Palpatine may be the villain of the Star Wars prequels, but the real villain, according to one of these memes, might be the Jedi Council, for stirring up latent anger in Anakin Skywalker.

The subtext of these kinds of memes is that media consumers are ignoring the critical parts of the content they enjoy – the stuff that the show or movie or game or book is really saying – in favor of surface level readings. In the mind of the average dullard, the meme says, “Breaking Bad’s” Walter White is the good guy because he’s the protagonist and he’s smart. Likewise, piloting a giant robot would be cool because you’d get to have a big gun or sword.

The reality is probably more banal. People react to media with “cool future!” or fail to discern the real villain because that’s how the text is telling them to react. Often, people who make media don’t know what they’re saying. When it comes to AAA games, many of them are written and created by committee, intentionally or otherwise. There are two ways of looking at games like this: The way they often want to be looked at (“cool future!”) or by scouring the world, as one does the world of “Umurangi Generation,” and attempting to piece together the thinking behind the creation.

In “The Division 2,” a game about restoring order to Washington, D.C., after the world suffers a massive pandemic and subsequent societal breakdown, the world is littered with inoffensive world-building graffiti, stuff like “RIP the system,” “The world is broken,” and “We are not going to take this anymore!” The intended environmental storytelling on the part of the developers is “Wow, Washington D.C. is not looking good!” But the more searching read, inspired by photos of graffiti taken after real protests, which usually feature hyper-specific slogans like “Defund the police,” would be: “I don’t understand what actually happened in this setting because ‘RIP the system’ doesn’t really mean anything.”

One of “Umurangi Generation’s” great qualities is that it is unambiguous in its storytelling, and forces you to confront that story through its key mechanics: exploration and photo-taking. The UN, the big institutional newspapers, the film and advertising industry, they’re all inattentive (at best) or hostile (at worst) to the needs of the people threatened by the game’s big crisis. The point of view is not subtle, but it’s not unsubtle or graceless. It’s realistic, because the world has a point of view. Too many other games ignore this.

Volunteers to be enlisted next month for human trial of Covid-19 vaccine #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

Volunteers to be enlisted next month for human trial of Covid-19 vaccine

National

Jul 11. 2020

By THE NATION

Thailand will sign up volunteers in August-September to test the Covid-19 vaccine and conduct the first trial on a human in October, said Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation Minister Suvit Maesincee.

Suvit said he was informed by Chulalongkorn University’s Chula Vaccine Research Centre and the National Research Council of Thailand that the second round of testing of the mRNA vaccine on monkeys on June 22 yielded a satisfactory result.

Related story: mRNA vaccine against Covid-19 shows initial success on monkeys

He added that the test on humans will be done in three phases.

The centre will announce on July 12 the details of the plan to produce this vaccine for testing on humans and for use in Thailand.

Father thanks model kit donors after son fighting leukaemia allowed to resume schooling #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

Father thanks model kit donors after son fighting leukaemia allowed to resume schooling

National

Jul 11. 2020

By The Nation

A man who appealed for donation of Gundam model kits for his son, who suffered from leukaemia, has thanked people for the generous response.

On June 5 last year, the story of Nattapol Komolthon, who posted on Facebook asking netizens to donate the model kits for his son Toby went viral and moved many people to send the kits.

Recently, Nattapol posted on Facebook stating that the doctor has allowed Toby to go to school after he was forced to stop studying for one year and half.

“For parents, almost losing their son to leukaemia is very painful,” he said. “However, the assistance from many people has encouraged Toby to wear his school uniform and return to school.”

He explained that since his son took the treatment, his family had to face many difficulties, adding that encouragement is very important during that situation.

“Therefore, I would like to thank doctors, relatives, and donors who encouraged Toby until his symptoms began to improve. I promise that I will take care of Toby and my family as best as I can,” he said.

He added that Toby must take the treatment for at least another year and a half.

“Currently, the Gundam model kits that everyone sent to Toby are still encouraging him to overcome the disease and he is very happy when he plays with these kits,” he added.

National museums offer free admission on Sundays #ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย

#ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

National museums offer free admission on Sundays

National

Jul 11. 2020

By The Nation

Museums under the Fine Arts Department have offered free admission every Sunday for both Thais and foreigners who come with their families until September 27 this year, the Thai Koo Fah Facebook page informed on Saturday (July 11).

The move followed the government’s measures to stimulate tourism for four months from July to October this year.

The list of museums under the Fine Arts Department are as follows:

Bangkok National Museum, Bangkok

The National Gallery of Thailand, Bangkok

National Museum of Royal Barges, Bangkok

Kanchanaphisek National Museum, Pathumthani

Pranakornkeeree National Museum, Phetchaburi

Ratchaburi National Museum, Ratchaburi

Au Thong National Museum, Suphan Buri

National Museum of Thai Rice Farmers, Suphan Buri

Suphanburi National Museum, Suphan Buri

Phra Pathom Chedi National Museum, Nakhon Pathom

Bankao National Museum, Kanchanaburi

Chantharakasem National Museum, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya

Chao Sam Phraya National Museum, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya

Inburi National Museum, Singburi

Somdet Phra Narai National Museum, Lopburi

Chainatmuni National Museum, Chai Nat Prachin Buri National Museum, Prachin Buri

The National Maritime Museum, Chanthaburi

Ramkhamhaeng National Museum, Sukhothai

Sawakhavoranayok National Museum, Sukhothai

Kamphaeng Phet National Museum, Kamphaeng Phet

Phra Buddha Chinnarat National Museum, Phitsanulok

Nan National Museum, Nan

Chiang Mai National Museum, Chiang Mai

Hariphunchai National Museum, Lamphun

Chiang Saen National Museum, Chiang Rai

Khon Kaen National Museum, Khon Kaen

Ban Chiang National Museum, Udon Thani

Roi Et National Museum, Roi Et

Ubon Ratchathani National Museum, Ubon Ratchathani

Phimai National Museum, Nakhon Ratchasima

Maha Viravong National Museum, Nakhon Ratchasima

Surin National Museum, Surin

Songkhla National Museum, Songkhla

Satun National Museum, Satun

Nakhon Si Thammarat National Museum, Nakhon Si Thammarat

Chaiya National Museum, Surat Thani

Chumphon National Museum, Chumphon

Thalang National Museum, Phuket.